Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

January 8, 2010

THESIS: Bueno-Hansen, Pascha. The Use and Abuse of Human Rights: Women and the Internal Armed Conflict in Peru.

Dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2009, 275pp.

Abstract: "This dissertation examines efforts by the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (PTRC) (2001-2003) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to document what happened to women during the internal armed conflict in Peru (1980-2000). As in other countries, Peruvian state institutions and civil society groups rely upon international human rights instruments due to the lack of a national legal framework to address human rights violations against women, such as sexual violence. Given that rural Quechua-speaking women were targeted in Peru's systematic sexual violence, this research explores two issues: (1) how the PTRC and NGOs work between international human rights doctrine, national law and community notions of justice and (2) how their documentation projects address social exclusion.
An institutional ethnographic orientation allows me to position each documentation project as an entry point for examining the struggles of meaning and priorities regarding the impact of the internal armed conflict on women. Moreover, this approach highlights both the institutional and legal strategies used to address the impact of conflict on women and the documentation project's complicity with and/or disruption of neo-colonial, masculinist systems of representation, particularly within the Peruvian nation building narrative. My multi-sited field research includes archival research, participant observation, interviews and discussion groups. My research demonstrates how social exclusions based on gender, raced/ethnicity, language, rurality and class are compounded in sexual violence during internal armed conflict. Therefore, the success of efforts to document this human rights violation hinges upon an analysis of compound oppression. Such an analysis facilitates positioning the victims as subjects with their own understandings and hopes of justice.
This analysis of the impact of the internal armed conflict on women offers a framework for addressing historic social exclusions in the world's current conflicts. Such a framework contributes to increasingly expansive understandings and practices of democracy and justice. Furthermore, the writing practice I employ aims to democratize voice by honoring multiple consciousness and valuing storytelling and testimony, thereby blurring the bounds with legal frameworks and rational social science singularity. This practice has the goal of maximizing and envisioning democratic futures through struggles in the present."

Full Text: ProQuest. [Limited preview.]