Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

May 9, 2010

ART: Helen Benedict. "'She should be punished': the 1983-1984 New Bedford 'Big Dan's' gang rape (1992)."

In: Crime and media: a reader. Edited by Chris Greer. London: Routledge, 2009: pp. 277-290.

ART: Debra Bergoffen. "Exploiting the dignity of the vulnerable body: rape as a weapon of war."

In: Philosophical papers 38(3) (November, 2009): pp. 307-326.

Abstract: "When the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia convicted the Bosnian Serb soldiers who used rape as a weapon of war of violating the human right to sexual self determination and of crimes against humanity, it transformed vulnerability from a mark of feminine weakness to a shared human condition. The court's judgment directs us to note the ways in which the exploitation of our bodied vulnerability is an assault on our dignity. It alerts us to the ways in which the body of human rights law is a law of bodies; to the ways in which our desire for intimacy creates communal ties that ground our personal and social identities; to the ways in which the symbolic meanings of our bodies are integral to our sense of integrity and worth; and to the ways in which gender structures which position men as protectors of women make it possible for rape to be used as an effective and criminal weapon of war."

Full Text: informaworld. [Restricted access.]

ART: Catrien Bijleveld, Aafke Morssinkhof, and Alette Smeulers. "Counting the countless: rape victimization during the Rwandan genocide."

In: International criminal justice review 19(2) (June, 2009): pp. 208-224.

Abstract: "Rape is regularly committed during a period of collective violence such as war. The article discusses the Rwandan genocide during which rape was used with the deliberate intent to destroy in whole or in part the Tutsi community. Rape is not often studied in such particular contexts, so little is known about its prevalence in genocide; as a consequence, the comprehensive impact of genocidal incidents remains underaddressed. We estimate the prevalence of rape victimization (i.e., the number of women raped) during the Rwandan genocide in 1994. In doing so, we apply a methodology in which we use conservative victimization estimates, disaggregating between victims who were killed and victims who survived. We arrive at an estimated lower bound of a little more than 350,000 female rape victims, most of whom were Tutsi. We discuss the importance of arriving at reliable estimates, the methodology, and implications for future research."

Full Text: SAGE Journals Online. [Restricted access.]

ART: Mary R. Block. "Rape law in 19th-century America: some thoughts and reflections on the state of the field."

In: History compass 7(5) (September, 2009): pp. 1391-1399.

Abstract: "Rape is a serious crime with a long history that has not received much study until very recently. Historians should study the crime of rape in 19th-century America for many reasons, but mostly because it can tell us much about how the law operated in practice and about 19th-century notions of manhood, womanhood, sex, and violence. Historians have produced several studies on rape in the American South, while other regions of the nation have received scant attention for the 19th century. Scholars should consider studies of 19th-century rape at the micro and macro levels and should utilize interdisciplinary approaches in their analyses."

Full Text: Wiley InterScience. [Restricted access.]

ART: Keree Louise Casey. "What part of 'No' don't you understand? Talking the tough stuff of the Bible."

"A creative reading of the rape of Tamar-2 Sam. 13:1-22." In: Feminist theology 18(2) (January, 2010): pp. 160-174.

Abstract: "The Bible is full of stories. Many are read each week as part of the liturgy of the Service of the Lord’s Day. They are reflected on during personal and group Bible studies—even in Sunday school. They are stories that inspire, challenge, encourage and nurture our journey of Christian faith. However, there are also stories in the Bible we would prefer were not re-told. These particular stories confront, offend and profoundly challenge our understanding of God. We ask where God is in this story. Why is it in the canon of Holy Scripture? What can we learn from the re-telling of this story in our context? Where is the Good News? These are the‘tough stuff stories of the Bible —their subject matter embarrassing to our thinking, faith and theology in the 21st century. What part of ‘No’ don’t you understand? is one of those stories. It is a story that must always be re-told."

Full Text: SAGE Journals Online. [Restricted access.]

ART: Srirupa Chatterjee, and Gurumurthy Neelakantan. "Woman as survivor in Oates's Rape: A Love Story."

In: Notes on contemporary literature 39(4) (September, 2009): pp. 4-6.

Full Text: FindArticles. [Free access.]

ART: Lloyd deMause. "Infanticide, child rape and war in early states."

In: Journal of psychohistory 36(4) (Spring, 2009): pp. 290-314.

Full Text: FindArticles. [Free access.]

ART: Alhena Gadotti. "Why it was rape: the conceptualization of rape in Sumerian literature."

In: Journal of the American Oriental Society 129(1) (January-March, 2009): pp. 73-82.

ART: J.P.E. Harper-Scott. "Britten's opera about rape."

In: Cambridge opera journal 21(1) (March, 2009): pp. 65-88.

Abstract: "Lucretia's principal virtue is her undoing. Her chastity is vaunted as the guarantor of Collatinus's honour and standing, as the trigger for Tarquinius's lust, and its brutal loss as the symbol of the corruption of the Etruscans and thus the catalyst for Junius's ascent to power. She is established in a patriarchal system as a desexed woman, as innocent as a child, who can only exist as a chaste wife. When her virtue is polluted by rape, she has no choice but to kill herself in an attempt to restore her function as chaste wife.
Britten's opera encodes the naming of Lucretia in terms redolent of the oppressive ‘speech-acts’ of Peter Grimes. Through tonal and motivic association the projection of her innocence and the ‘stain’ introduced by her rape are worked into the opera's design at the level of long-range musical structure. Through analysis of the thematic implications of musical process in the work, this article opens to view the complex and at times conflicting moral hermeneutics of the work."

Full Text: Cambridge University Press. [Restricted access.]

ART: Shannon Heit. "Waging sexual warfare: case studies of rape warfare used by the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II."

In: Women's studies international forum 32(5) (September-October, 2009): pp. 363-370.

Abstract: "Even in peacetime, women are victims, though to a lesser degree, of the same atrocities that become their fate in war. It is important to recognize that patriarchal and subjective attitudes towards women in peacetime make a logical, though horrifying, progression to the treatment of women during war and armed conflicts. Rape during wartime is an act as old as war itself, but it was not documented as a strategic military practice of warfare until World War I. After World War I these crimes were never prosecuted, further encouraging the use of mass rape as a strategic military operation in subsequent conflicts. Using case studies of documented rape warfare under the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II, we are able to discern two categories of rape: that as a weapon of terror as seen in the example of The Rape of Nanking during World War I and that as a form of sexual slavery as exemplified in the case of the "Korean Comfort Women" stations during World War II. This article outlines what actions must be taken to bring the perpetrators of wartime rapes to justice—a necessary step to bringing peace and reconciliation to the victims and in preventing future atrocities."

Full Text: ScienceDirect. [Restricted access.]

ART: Elizabeth Kolsky. "'The body evidencing the crime': rape on trial in Colonial India, 1860-1947."

In: Gender & history 22(1) (April, 2010): pp. 109-130.

Abstract: "The history of rape on trial in colonial India sheds new light on the colonial civilising mission and the claims made by white men about saving brown women from brown men. Through an analysis of almost a century of case law, this article concludes that the modernisation of law and the development of a new medico-legal understanding of rape introduced evidentiary standards that placed a heavy burden on Indian women seeking judicial remedy in colonial courts. The fear imported from Britain of false charges combined with colonial views about Indian culture to make native female complainants doubly dubious. The colonial jurisprudence has survived to devastating effect in postcolonial India and Pakistan in ways that are explored and explained by the author."

Full Text: Wiley InterScience. [Restricted access.]

ART: Mary McAlpin. "The rape of Cécile and the triumph of love in Les Liaisons dangereuses."

In: Eighteenth-century studies 43(1) (Fall, 2009): pp. 1-20.

Abstract: "This article uses the secondary character of Cécile Volanges to explore the role of love in the Liaisons dangereuses (1782). A reading of Cécile based on eighteenth-century theories of female physiology reveals that Merteuil's frustration with and ultimate misreading of her young victim stems from her inability to understand that romantic love, whatever its pitfalls, is the ultimate expression of human civilization in the Laclosian universe, a message expressed most clearly in Laclos's narrative of the coming-to-sexuality of a young girl in the state of nature in Des Femmes et de leur éducation (1783)."

Full Text: Project MUSE. [Restricted access.]

ART: Graham St. John Stott. "Rape and silence in J.M. Coetzee's Disgrace."

In: Philosophical papers 38(3) (November, 2009): pp. 347-362.

Abstract: "Disgrace, by J.M. Coetzee, is a story of a rape; more, it is a tale in which the victim of the rape, Lucy Lurie, is silent. She demands neither sympathy nor justice for what happens toher, presenting herself as neither a victim nor someone seeking revenge. Instead she stands as a witness, and does so by adopting an attitude reminiscent of the thinking of Simone Weil—rejecting the possibility of rights, and not looking for explanations. Rape, Coetzee thus suggests, is an act without meaning, a trauma whose reality cannot be exorcised through narration. Fittingly, therefore, the novel ends with a tableau of Lucy growing flowers in her garden; living, like Candide, without rationalisation or consolatory myth. "

Full Text: informaworld. [Restricted access.]

ART: Maggie Zraly, and Laetitia Nyirazinyoye. "Don't let the suffering make you fade away."

"An ethnographic study of resilience among survivors of genocide-rape in southern Rwanda." In: Social science & medicine 70(10) (May, 2010): pp. 1656-1664.

Abstract: "Rape has been used in contemporary armed conflicts to inflict physical, psychological, cultural and social damage. In endeavoring to address the psychological damage of collective violence, some researchers and global health practitioners are turning toward post-conflict mental health promotion approaches that centrally feature resilience. Though previous findings from resilience and coping research are robust, few studies have actually investigated resilience among genocide-rape survivors in cultural context in non-Western settings. This paper presents ethnographic data gathered over 14 months (September 2005 to November 2006) in southern Rwanda on resilience among genocide-rape survivors who were members of two women's genocide survivor associations. Study methods included a content analysis of a stratified purposive sample of 44 semi-structured interviews, as well as participant-, and non-participant-observation. Resilience among genocide-rape survivors in this context was found to be shaped by the cultural-linguistic specific concepts of kwihangana (withstanding), kwongera kubaho (living again), and gukomeza ubuzima (continuing life/health), and comprised of multiple sociocultural processes that enabled ongoing social connection with like others in order to make meaning, establish normalcy, and endure suffering in daily life. The results of this research show that the process of resilience among genocide-rape survivors was the same regardless of whether genocide survivor association membership was organized around the identity of genocide-rape survivorship or the identity of widowhood. However, the genocide-rape survivors' association members were more involved with directing resilience specifically toward addressing problems associated with genocide-rape compared to the members of the genocide widows' association. The findings from this research suggest that ethnographic methods can be employed to support resilience-based post-conflict mental health promotion efforts through facilitating collective sexual violence survivors to safely socially connect around their shared experiences of rape, neutralizing social threats of stigma and marginalization."

Full Text: ScienceDirect. [Restricted access.]

BOOK: The Narrative of Rape in Genesis 34: Interpreting Dinah's Silence

Author: Caroline Blyth
Title: The Narrative of Rape in Genesis 34
Subtitle: Interpreting Dinah's Silence
Place: Oxford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2010
Pages: 288pp.
Language: English
More information: History of Rape: A Bibliography

(Update: October 18, 2014)

BOOK: Sorcha Gunne and Zoe Brigley Thompson, eds. Feminism, literature and rape narratives violence and violation.

New York: Routledge, 2009. 246pp.

BOOK: Danielle L. McGuire. At the dark end of the street: black women, rape, and resistance.

A new history of the civil rights movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power. New York: Knopf, 2010. 368pp.

BOOK: Ideologies of Forgetting: Rape in the Vietnam War

Author: Gina Marie Weaver
Title: Ideologies of Forgetting
Subtitle: Rape in the Vietnam War
Place: Albany, NY
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Year: 2010
Pages: 198pp.
Language: English
More information: History of Rape: A Bibliography

(Update: October 25, 2014)

LECT: Makiko Oku. "Rape and sexual violence."

War and the Body. Imperial War Museum, London, June 11, 2010.

Preliminary programme: War and Media Network.

CFP: The Journal of Literary Theory: Trauma and Literature

"Since the mid-1990s, the intersection of trauma theory and literary studies has proven itself to be mutually fruitful. Traumatic events as thematized in literature have been researched, for example torture, rape, genocide. Beyond this approach, researchers have also looked at the relations between specific strategies used by victims of trauma for remembering, commemorating and working through these experiences and literary modes of representation.
This issue will focus on exploring the status of the current discussion, and more specifically on the status of methodological and theoretical approaches to these questions. Historical case studies and analyses of specific literary texts are accepted only if they adopt a predominantly systematic perspective, contribute to the reconstruction of the history of literary theory, or pursue innovative methods."
Submission deadline: March 15, 2011.

More information: Call for Papers website or H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Red Feather Journal

"Red Feather Journal invites critical and/or theoretical examination of the child image to further our understanding of the consumption, circulation, and representation of the child throughout the world’s visual mediums. Red Feather Journal welcomes submissions that examine the child image from a broad range of media: children's film, Hollywood film, international film, television images of children or childhood, child images on the Internet, images of children/childhood in art, or images of children/childhood in any other visual medium. Some sample topics include, but are certainly not limited to: studies of images of children of color; child as commodity; images of children in Africa, Asia, Middle East, South America, etc.; political uses of the child image; children in film; children in advertising; visual adaptations of children's literary works; child welfare images; children and war; or any other critical examination of the child image in a variety of visual mediums."
Submission deadline: June 1, 2010.

More information: Call for Papers website or H-Net Announcements.

CFP: European Journal of English Studies: Gender Resistance

"This issue seeks to interrogate the new experiences and conceptualisations of gender and sexualities that have been part of these transformations. Specifically, notwithstanding the assimilation of traditional feminist demands in official cultural discourses, what new forms of resistance to conventional gender discourses, categories and practices, and inversely, what novel manifestations of resilient gender asymmetries have emerged in this allegedly 'post-feminist' era?"
Submission deadline for proposals: October 31, 2010.

More information: Call for Papers website.

CFP: Women's History and Contemporary Gender Roles: Negotiating the Past, Rethinking the Future

Third International Conference of the Russian Association for Research in Women's History. Cherepovets (Vologda oblast), Russia, November 1-3, 2010.

"The conference is designed as a socio-political and academic forum that would bring together scholars, governmental officials and political activists from Russia and abroad, to discuss a variety of ways in which gender affects social life. The organizers invite participants form a range of disciplines, including history, ethnology, archeology, archival studies, sociology, philosophy, political studies, social psychology, cultural studies and others. Members of governmental and non-governmental organizations are particularly welcome to apply. The conference will comprise a number of plenary sessions, panels, workshops and round tables. ... The working language at the conference is Russian. For those participants who prefer to give their presentations in English, interpretation will be provided. Discussions are, however, will be in Russian."
Submission deadline for proposals: May 15, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Representing Women's Medico-Literary Texts in the Long Eighteenth Century

Annual NEASECS Meeting, Buffalo, October 21-23, 2010.

"Over the past several decades, critics have explored how literature and medical texts represented and often objectified women during the long eighteenth century. In addition to examining representations of women, their bodies, and "female" illnesses – both in medical and literary texts -- this panel also considers how women responded or "wrote back" to such objectification. We are especially interested in papers that explore the various ways in which women directly adopt, negotiate, or manipulate discourses of medicine, whether about their own bodies or the bodies of others."
Submission deadline for abstracts: May 15, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: History of Women in the Americas

Brunel University in Uxbridge, West London, June 19, 2010.

"Brunel University's Centre for American, Transatlantic and Caribbean History (CATCH) is holding a one-day conference on 19 June 2010 to discuss transnational perspectives on the History of Women in the Americas. We welcome scholars of Canadian, US, Mexican, Caribbean and South American history of women to apply either as individuals or as complete panels of between two to four papers."
Submission deadline for proposals: May 15, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcments.

CFP: Undoing Eros: Love and Sexuality in Russian Culture

Princeton University, October 22-23, 2010.

"The conference will examine the different ways in which Russian writers, artists, and intellectuals have critically re-imagined the terms of love. We encourage participants to investigate how love has been problematized, disassembled and reinvented in a wide variety of contexts, including (but not limited to): sexuality, birth and reproduction, representations of the body (from the sacred body to erotica), love in theology, family relationships (marriage and kinship), and social norms (and their transgression). Given the multi-faceted nature of this topic, proposals of an interdisciplinary nature are particularly encouraged."
Submission deadline for abstracts: May 17, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Violent Masculinities: Early Modern Texts and Modern Images

SAMLA, November 2010

"From Lavinia's rape and dismemberment in Titus Andronicus to the
decimation of villains in The Faerie Queene, early modern texts are rife with acts of spectacular violence in part because of the central role they play in constituting and contesting early modern masculinity. Similarly, modern popular culture has proliferated and valorized images of violent masculinity, both in adaptations of early modern works (e.g. Hamlet and The Revenger's Tragedy) and in later models of heroism (e.g. the Terminator films, superhero comics). This panel welcomes papers considering historical, theoretical, literary and/or aesthetic aspects of violent masculinity, then and now."
Submission deadline for abstracts: May 21, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: Bullying and the Abuse of Power

Prague, Czech Republic, November 8-10, 2010.

"Bullying is present in every sphere of life and is perhaps the most important ethical problem in the modern world. It consists, essentially, in the abuse of power, and can involve psychological cruelty; cultural and personal insults; religious and sexual intolerance; the abuse of political and economic power, and ultimately physical force. It can ruin lives, and it can end lives Like other enduring cultural phenomena it has an ability to mutate into new forms including the invasive use of email to intimidate people, and the use of text messaging and social networking sites, which have claimed lives through the suicide of victims."
Submission deadline for abstracts: May 28, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Violence and Society

Mid-Atlantic Popular/American Culture Association, Alexandria, VA, October 28-31, 2010.

"We invite submissions for several sessions on Violence and Society. As an area of study, "Violence and Society" includes the verbal, physical, mental, emotional, and/or implied abuse directed towards any individual or group of individuals. Areas of examination may include, but are not limited to, "abuse" (objectional or demeaning portrayal) of women, children, gays, or any other targeted population/individuals/race through the media, advertisement, music and/or music television videos, literature, television, movies, societal behavior, human interaction, communication, education, religion, and any other societal dimension. Related areas of study may include domestic violence, violence and self-perception, violence and self-esteem, violence and sexuality, violence and sex roles, abusive personalities and behaviors, violence and socio-economic conditions, violence and race, cultural heritage and violence, gang involvement, and environmental factors and violence."
Submission deadline: June 15, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: Sexuality and Erotica

Mid-Atlantic Popular/American Culture Association, Alexandria, VA, October 28-31, 2010.

"The area of Sexuality and Erotica invites papers that address any aspect of human sexual experience and erotica in any form (literary, artistic --visual, musical, dance, theatrical, photographic). Related areas of interest may include the artistic, sociological and/or political implications of sexual attitudes, education, and orientation; sexuality in history and world cultures; beliefs and practices of ethnic, religious, and cultural groups; gender and sexuality; psychosexual considerations; sex therapy; sex toys, aids and devices; unusual or deviant sexual practices; the role or influence of sexuality in the arts; sexuality, crime, and the law; and sexual symbolism in any field of human endeavor."
Submission deadline: June 15, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: New Research in the History of Warfare: An International Graduate Conference

Cambridge, August 7-8, 2010.

"This conference ... intends, to bring together a wide range of perspectives and provide an interdisciplinary forum for the debate of new research concerning the history of warfare. It seeks to bring together 'classical' military historians, students of grand strategy and operational military history, with 'new' military historians, those looking at the social history of armies, military culture and the experience of war for those involved in it."
Submission deadline for abstracts: June 18, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Vulnerability: A Symposium

University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, November 26-28, 2010.

"This symposium seeks to canvas a range of contemporary responses to, and analyses of, the question of human vulnerability. It invites 20-minute papers from across the disciplines (including interdisciplinary work), and from a variety of theoretical perspectives, that address any aspect of the topic of human vulnerability. Panel proposals of up to three 20-minute papers
are also welcome.
Possible topics include, but are not limited to: vulnerability and the body; ...; ulnerability and violence; vulnerability and survival; ...; vulnerability vs. victimhood; ...; vulnerability and trauma studies; ... ."
Submission deadline for abstracts: June 30, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Women in Popular Culture: Of Social Justice, Sexual Politics and the Status quo

South Carolina State University, October 21-23, 2010.

"We are soliciting one- page abstracts that examine the degree to which contemporary popular culture serves as a site of containment or resistance for the agendas of women interested in promoting and advancing social justice and equality; concomitantly, this entails the ongoing critique and deconstruction of persistent ideologies, agendas, cultural vehicles, etc., which continue both implicitly and explicitly to base women's value (or lack of value) on their appearance or sex appeal."
Submission deadline for abstracts: July 15, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: The South and Sexuality

Southern American Studies Association, Atlanta, GA, February 17-19, 2011.

"This panel will explore the myriad roles sexuality has played in the literature, culture and history of the U.S. South. Potential topics might include the intersections between class, race, gender and sexuality; the relationship between social justice and sexual identity; the social geography of gay, lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual, and transgendered spaces; the social institution of the family and the formation of sexuality; the ways in which the global economy, nationalism, and regionalism shape sexual identity; the erotics of friendship; the relationship between the public sphere and private life; reproduction and maternity; tactics of secrecy, indirection, and ambiguity; and the relationship between religion and sexuality."
Submission deadline for abstracts: September 1, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: Women's & Gender Studies

Northeast Modern Language Association 2011 Annual Convention, New Brunswick, NJ, April 7-10, 2011.

"NeMLA is a member-driven convention. We welcome and encourage session proposals (panel, roundtable, creative session, seminar) in all Women’s & Gender Studies topics, including: Eco-feminism, Feminist Literary Theory, Gender in Literature or Film, Girl Studies, Globalized Gender, Men's Studies, Motherhood, Multi-ethnic Literatures, Queer Studies, Sexuality, Transnational Literatures, Women's Studies & Authors."
Submission deadline for abstracts: September 30, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: Women's & Gender Studies

Northeast Modern Language Association 2011 Annual Convention, New Brunswick, NJ, April 7-10, 2011.

"NeMLA is a member-driven convention. We welcome and encourage session proposals (panel, roundtable, creative session, seminar) in all Women’s & Gender Studies topics, including: Eco-feminism, Feminist Literary Theory, Gender in Literature or Film, Girl Studies, Globalized Gender, Men's Studies, Motherhood, Multi-ethnic Literatures, Queer Studies, Sexuality, Transnational Literatures, Women's Studies & Authors."
Submission deadline for abstracts: September 30, 2010.

More information: Calls for Papers website.

CFP: Captivity Narratives

San Antonio, TX, April 20-23, 2011.

"Panels are now forming for presentations regarding Captivity Narratives in all their various forms and as regards interpretive approaches. Historical and more modern narrative studies are acceptable."
Submission deadline for proposals: December 15, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.