Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

August 10, 2010

ART: Karmen Erjavec and Zala Volčič. "Living With the sins of their fathers."

Subtitle: "An analysis of self-representation of adolescents born of war rape."
In: Journal of adolescent research 25 (3) (May, 2010): 359-386.

Abstract: "Children born of war rape continue to be a taboo theme in many post-war societies, also in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). This study is based on in-depth interviews with eleven adolescents born of war rape in BH. The main goal is to present how these adolescents represent themselves and their life-situations. On the basis of the research we identify four key themes: 1) their continued sense of hostility even after the end of the war; 2) the internalized guilt; 3) the role reversal; and 4) the role of reconciling the war enemies. The analysis of life-stories shows new identifications of traumatic events and trauma. More than half of the interviewed girls suffer severe psychological and physical abuses. The research argues that there are three crucial factors influencing girls' self-perception: the role of the mothers, mothers' economic situation and general social exclusion." [Source: Journal of adolescent research.]

Full Text: SAGE Journals Online. [Restricted access.]

ART: Wookyung Im. "Yoko's Story and the battle of memory: fragmentation and suture of national memory and gender in the age of globalization."

In: Inter-Asia cultural studies 11(1) (2010): 73-88.

Abstract: "Since its publication in 1986, Yoko Watkins' So Far from the Bamboo Grove has been used as a textbook by some primary and middle schools in the US. The book is an autobiographical novel about the experiences of a Japanese girl named Yoko who returns to her home country with her mother and sister with an anti-war and peace message. However, it became the center of attention and was referred to as the Yoko incident when, in January 2007, it became known to the Koreans that the book was being used as a textbook by American students and contained a story about Japanese women raped by Korean men at the end of Japanese colonial rule. It immediately incited outcries from the Korean media and online communities, complaining that any suggestion of the rape of Japanese women by Korean men at the end of Japanese colonial rule is a grave distortion of history and a reversal of the perpetrator and the victim. This paper analyzes how the memory structure of the Koreans regarding colonialism is based on a victim nationalism and how Korean feminism has intervened in the fragmentation and suture of national memory since the 1990s. Furthermore, the paper reveals how American multiculturalism turns a blind eye to, or even promotes, the clashing of collective identities in the age of globalization. The so called Yoko incident illustrates how the competition of East Asian countries for a historical position of 'victim' in a battle of memory in the US not only strengthens exclusive nationalism in the area but also connives in 'Americanization of world justice'." [Source: Inter-Asia cultural studies.]

Full Text: informaworld. [Restricted access.]

ART: Mladen Loncar et al. "Mental health consequences in men exposed to sexual abuse during the war in Croatia and Bosnia."

In: Journal of interpersonal violence 25(2) (February, 2010): 191-203.

Abstract: "In the research project on sexual abuse of men during the war in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, detailed information from 60 victims of such crimes was gathered. The aim of the research was to define key attributes of sexual abuse of men in war as well as consequences it had on the victims. A method of structured interview was used. Also, the statement of each victim was recorded. Victims were exposed to physical torture of their genitals, psycho-sexual torture and physical abuse. The most common symptoms of traumatic reactions were sleep disturbances, concentration difficulties, nightmares and flashbacks, feelings of hopelessness, and different physical stress symptoms such as constant headaches, profuse sweating, and tachycardia. In addition to rape and different methods of sexual abuse, most of the victims were heavily beaten. The conclusion is made that the number of sexually abused men during the war must have been much higher than reported." [Source: Journal of interpersonal violence.]

Full Text: SAGE Journals Online. [Restricted access.]

ART: Coleen Kivlahan and Nate Ewigman. "Rape as a weapon of war in modern conflicts."

In: British medical journal 340 (June 24, 2010): c3270

Full Text: British Medical Journal.[Free access.]

ART: Philip Kuwert et al. "Trauma and current posttraumatic stress symptoms in elderly German women who experienced wartime rapes in 1945."

In: Journal of nervous and mental disease 198(6) (June, 2010): 450-451.

Abstract: "The aim of this study was to determine the persistent trauma impact and significant posttraumatic stress symptoms in a sample of very elderly German women who survived the mass rapes committed by soldiers at the end of World War II. A total of 27 women were recruited, interviewed, and then administered a modified Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. They all reported a very severe degree of trauma exposure in 1945; 19% reported significant current posttraumatic stress symptoms indicating a possible posttraumatic stress disorder at the time of the study, and 30% fulfilled the criteria of a current partial posttraumatic stress disorder. The results highlight the necessity for prevention and treatment programs for women exposed to wartime rapes in current conflict settings worldwide, and the need to identify and treat posttraumatic conditions in the elderly generation of all countries exposed to World War II trauma." [Source: Journal of nervous and mental disease.]

Full Text: LWW Journals.[Restricted access.]

ART: Teemu Ruskola. "Raping like a state."

In: UCLA law review 57(5) (June, 2010): 1477-1536.

Abstract: "It is a remarkable fact that rhetorically the state is gendered male, while state-on-state violence is continually represented as sexual violence. This Article applies the insights of queer theory to examine this rhetoric of sexual violation. More specifically, it analyzes the injury of colonialism as a kind of homoerotic violation of non-Western states’ (would-be) sovereignty. It does so by taking seriously the legal fiction of the state as an “international legal person.” Historically, colonial violence is routinely described as rape. What does it mean to liken a state to a person, and its conduct to rape? How does a state rape? Whom does it rape, and under what conditions?" [Source: UCLA law review.]

Full Text: UCLA Review. [Free access.]

LECT: Zoe Brigley and Sorcha Gunne. "Breaking the onds of domination."

Subtitle: "Subverting the Rape Script in Short Stories by Isabel Allende and Rosario Castellanos."

Violence and Reconciliation: Second Annual Critical Theory Conference, University of Exeter, September 24, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

RADIO: Die Mär vom ehrenhaften deutschen Soldaten

Kritik, Deutschlandradio Kultur, August 5, 2010. (05:34 min)

Description: "Geht es um Vergewaltigungen im Zweiten Weltkrieg, ist meist die Rede von der Roten Armee. Bei Wehrmacht und SS hielt sich dagegen lange der Mythos vom ehrenhaften Soldaten. Regina Mühlhäuser räumt damit auf."

Link: Deutschlandradio.

RADIO: Am Tisch mit Monika Hauser, "Nobel-Alternative"

Doppel-Kopf, hr2, July 19, 2010. (44:11 min)

Description: "Die Kölner Gynäkologin hilft mit der von ihr gegründeten Menschenrechtsorganisation "medica mondiale" den von Vergewaltigung betroffenen Frauen in Kriegen und Krisenzeiten, sie kämpft auch politisch für die Ächtung von Vergewaltigungen, für die Achtung von Opfern und für die Bestrafung der Täter. Für ihr Engagement wurde sie 2008 mit dem Alternativen Nobelpreis ausgezeichnet. Gastgeber: Rosemarie Tuchelt."

Link: Hessischer Runkfunk.

RADIO: Eine Geschichte, die erzählt werden muss – Mutmaßliches Missbrauchsopfer sucht Gehör

DLF-Magazin, Deutschlandfunk, July 8, 2010. (06:02 min)

Link: Deutschlandradio.

RADIO: Das Tabu

Zeit für Bayern, Bayern 2, May 9, 2010. (53:20 min)

Description: "Nicht nur in der sowjetischen Besatzungszone, auch im amerikanisch besetzten Bayern war (sexuelle) Gewalt unmittelbar nach dem Einmarsch an der Tagesordnung. Bis heute ein großes Tabu ..."

Link: Bayerischer Runkfunk.

RADIO: Ex-Odenwaldschüler Gerhard Roese

Im Gespräch, hr-iNFO, March 13, 2010. (23:46 min)

Description: "Ich musste meinen Lehrer befriedigen." Mit diesem erschütternden Satz ist Gerhard Roese Anfang der Woche an die Öffentlichkeit gegangen. Er ist Ex-Schüler der Odenwaldschule. Und er sagt: "Ich wurde sexuell missbraucht."

Link: Hessischer Runkfunk.

RADIO: Das gebrochene Tabu – der Weg von Männern, die sexuell mißbraucht worden sind

Notizbuch - Freitagsforum, Bayern 2, March 5, 2010. (29:21 min)

Description: "Welchen Weg gehen Männern, die in ihrer Kindheit und Jugend sexuell missbraucht worden sind? Welche Spuren hinterlässt diese Tat in ihrem Leben? Im Notizbuch-Freitagsforum erzählt ein Mann über seine Erfahrungen und warum er sich für eine Verlängerung der Verjährungsfrist einsetzt."

Link: Bayerischer Rundfunk.

CFP: The child and crime in British fiction

"Essay proposals are invited for a proposed volume of critical essays on the child and crime in British fiction. Essays should focus centrally on the child, children, or childhood in relation to crime and might consider the child as perpetrator, object, victim, witness, or solver of crime or as inspiration or instigator of crime. The collection aims to assess the role of preadolescent child characters (i.e. not teenagers) in relation to crime in British fiction from its origins to the present. Proposals are welcomed on single authors or on topics which range across writers, subgenres or periods of British fiction.
We envisage that completed essays will be 6,000-words long and due in January 2011."
Submission deadline for abstracts: September 15, 2010.

More information: Call for Papers website.

CFP: Gender in fact and fiction

"Dr Claire Nally and Dr Angela Smith have been asked by the publisher I.B.Tauris to edit a proposed series of high quality monographs (each about 70,000 words in length) under the general title of 'Gender in Fact and Fiction'. We would welcome abstracts from any interested academics under the following headings:
Single women
Witches
Neo-Victorian literature
Masculinities in fan culture
Sexualities.
Other topics will be considered."
Submission deadline for abstracts: September 30, 2010.

More information: Call for Paper website.

CFP: Making sense of violence? Interdisciplinary approaches to interpersonal violence: past and present

University of Bern, Switzerland, September 8-10 2011.

"Can we make sense of interpersonal violence? Seemingly rooted in multiple causes, spurred by an array of different motives and finding expression in myriad settings and forms, interpersonal violence has provoked considerable and, at times, intense debate over the last number of decades. This conference will explore, through a variety of different approaches, the extent, nature and characteristics of interpersonal violence in both historical and contemporary settings. Different theoretical approaches and assumptions underlying the study of interpersonal violence will also be examined. The contributors are expected to reflect upon and seek to make sense of interpersonal violence through specific studies of the function, meaning and place of violence in particular contexts. Investigations of the relationship between violence and other social and cultural pheno-mena as well as reflections on methods of understanding and conceptualising the role of interper-sonal violence in the past and the present are particularly encouraged."
Submission deadline for abstracts: October 10, 2010.

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Postfeminist Postmortems? Gender, Sexualities and Multiple Modernities

DU Gender & Modernities Conference, Department of English, University of Dehli, 2011.

"The conference will seek to understand the complex interactions of gender/sexualities with a large array of social identifications including race, class, nation and caste within the framework of modernities across literatures, cinema, art, music, dance, photography and theatre in western as well as in post/neo/colonial sites."
Submission deadline for abstracts: October 31, 2010.

More information: Call for Papers website.