Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

May 3, 2011

WEBSITE: Kooperationsprojekt: Sexuelle Gewalt in bewaffneten Konflikten - Collaborative Research Project: Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts

Description: »This collaborative research effort aims to bring together empirical and theoretical studies focusing on sexual violence in different theaters of armed conflict. A series of workshops and conferences with representatives from a variety of disciplines is being planned. Historians, legal scholars, sociologists, philosophers, psychologists, experts in cultural studies, and human rights activists will develop common research questions and a framework for comparison, present and discuss their work, and explore opportunities for cooperation. In the initial three-year period, members of the staff of the Hamburg Institute for Social Research will coordinate these activities.«

Link: Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung.

ART: Through a Foucauldian lens

Author: Sheri Bell
Title: Through a Foucauldian lens
Subtitle: A genealogy of child abuse
Journal: Journal of family violence
Volume: 26
Issue: 2
Year: February 2011
Pages: 101-108
ISSN: 0885-7482
Language: English
Full Text: SpringerLink [Restricted.]

Abstract: »This theoretical paper takes on a difficult and dangerous argument: that ‘child abuse’ is socially constructed. By using Michel Foucault’s analysis of the complex interplay between power and knowledge, we may be able to explain the changing forms that the struggle against child abuse has taken, without minimizing the reality of the suffering that abuse causes. By examining the historical role that state and child welfare movements played in developing child protective services in North America, we discover how scientific epistemology and medical discourse on child abuse have come together to shape and construct societal beliefs about abusers. This analysis allows us to deepen our understanding of child abuse and the means to preventing it, as well as guides us in developing better and more informed social policies.« [Source: Journal of family violence.]

ART: „Frauen, Kinder, alles”

Author: Jan Fleischhauer
Title: „Frauen, Kinder, alles”
Subtitle: -
Journal: Der Spiegel
Volume: -
Issue: 14
Year: April 4, 2011
Pages: 42-49
ISSN: 0038-7452
Language: German

Abstract: »Zwei Forscher haben Abhörprotokolle von Wehrmachtsoldaten ausgewertet, in denen diese über Töten und Sterben an der Front berichten - ein Sensationsfund, der eine Innenansicht des zweiten Weltkriegs ermöglicht und den Blick auf diesen verändern wird.« [Source: Der Spiegel.]

ART: Lady Hester Pulter's The Unfortunate Florinda

Author: Peter C. Herman
Title: Lady Hester Pulter's The Unfortunate Florinda
Subtitle: Race, religion, and the politics of rape
Journal: Renaissance quarterly
Volume: 63
Issue: 4
Year: Winter 2010
Pages: 1208-1246
ISSN: 0034-4338
Language: English

Abstract: »In the mid-1990s a manuscript was discovered containing the poetry and prose of a previously unknown female author, Lady Hester Pulter. The poems, likely written during the 1640s-'50s, demonstrate Pulter's wide reading and her near-fanatical Royalism. The prose romance, The Unfortunate Florinda, however, displays a very different politics. Basing her fiction on the legends surrounding the Muslim conquest of Spain, I argue that Pulter adjusts her sources to present an alternative, Augustinian view of rape, one that blames the rapist, not the victim. The monarchs in Pulter's fiction use absolutist rhetoric to justify rape, and, contra her earlier poetic denunciations of Charles I's execution, rape now justifies regicide. I suggest that the sexual corruption of Charles II's court prompted Pulter to create a romance with distinctly republican overtones in which chastity is the highest value, sexual corruption the lowest vice, and rulers who commit such crimes forfeit both their right to rule and their right to live.« [Source: Renaissance quarterly.]

ART: The rule of colonial indifference

Author: Elizabeth Kolsky
Title: The rule of colonial indifference
Subtitle: Rape on trial in early colonial India, 1805-57
Journal: The journal of Asian studies
Volume: 69
Issue: 4
Year: November 2010
Pages: 1093-1117
ISSN: 0021-9118
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted.]

Abstract: »This article explores the history of intraracial (Indian-on-Indian) rape in early colonial India. Though at times uneven and unpredictable in their rulings, British judges created a set of evidentiary requirements and a body of legal decisions that were as harsh on rape victims as the precolonial Islamic system was presumed to be. Despite the colonial promise of a more modern and humane criminal law, the gradual displacement of Islamic law did little to widen rape victims' path to legal remedy. English common law presumptions about the frequency of false charges and a suspicion of women's claims combined with a colonial insistence on the peculiarity of Indian culture to make it difficult for victims of rape to prevail in court. The colonial legal treatment of the “unsensational” crime of rape was rather unsensational. It largely reflected contemporary trends in England, which raises the important question of what was distinctively colonial about it.« [Source: Journal of Asian studies.]

ART: Forschungsverbund „Sexuelle Gewalt in bewaffneten Konflikten”

Author: Regina Mühlhäuser and Gaby Zipfel
Title: Forschungsverbund „Sexuelle Gewalt in bewaffneten Konflikten”
Subtitle: -
Translation: Research Association „Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts”
Journal: L'homme. Europäische Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft
Volume: 21
Issue: 1
Year: 2010
Pages: 85-87
ISSN: 1016-362X
Language: German

Abstract: »The article discusses research on sexual violence committed during situations of armed conflict and the recognition that, rather than be marginalized, such violence should be seen as a deliberate tactic of warfare aimed at demoralizing the collective enemy and rewarding or psychically strengthening the combatants. The examples of conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda in the 1970s are cited as theaters for such sexual violence that have gained the attention of international justice organizations who view these sexual attacks as crimes against humanity, genocide, or war crimes. Workshops and research projects on this theme are discussed.« [Source: Historical abstracts.]

ART: Pan-pan girls

Author: Rumi Sakamoto
Title: Pan-pan girls
Subtitle: Humiliating liberation in postwar Japanese literature
Journal: Portal. Journal of multidisciplinary international studies
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Year: July 2010
Pages: 15 pages
ISSN: 1449-2490
Language: English
Full Text: UTSePress [Free.]

Abstract: »This paper looks at some literary representations of the ‘pan-pan girls’ in postwar Japan. ‘Pan-pan’ is a derogatory term for street prostitutes who (mostly) served the soldiers of the occupying forces. Immediately after World War II, the Japanese government established the RAA (Recreation Amusement Association) and employed several thousand women to provide sexual services for foreign soldiers, ostensibly to protect Japanese women of middle and upper classes from rape and other violence. When the RAA was closed down in 1946 due to the US concern over widespread VD, many of the women who lost their jobs went out on the street and became private and illegal prostitutes – the pan-pan girls. With their red lipstick, cigarettes, nylon stockings and high-heel shoes, often holding onto the arms of tall, uniformed American GIs, the ‘pan-pan girls’ became a symbol of the occupation, and have been textually reproduced throughout the postwar period. This paper analyses the images and representations of the ‘pan-pan girls’ in postwar Japanese literature, to consider how the ‘pan-pan girls’ have functioned as a metaphor for the occupation and contributed to the public memory construction of the occupation. I identify some major codes of representations (victimisation, humiliation, and national trauma; eroticism and decadence; sexual freedom and materialism) and argue that the highly gendered and sexualised bodies of the ‘pan-pan girls’ have continued to allow simplistic and selective remembering of the occupation at the expense of recalling the pivotal role of Japanese patriarchy in the postwar period.« [Source: Portal.]

ART: Lo que hemos aprendido sobre la atención a mujeres víctimas de violencia sexual en el conflicto armado colombiano

Author: Ivonne Wilches
Title: Lo que hemos aprendido sobre la atención a mujeres víctimas de violencia sexual en el conflicto armado colombiano
Subtitle: -
Translation: What we have learned about treating female victims of sexual violence in the Colombian armed conflict
Journal: Revista de estudios sociales
Volume: -
Issue: 36
Year: August 2010
Pages: 86-94
ISSN: 0123-885X
Language: Spanish
Full Text: Revista de Estudios Sociales [Free.]

Abstract: »The article describes what we have learned about psychosocially and psycho-legally treating female victims of sexual violence in Colombia's armed conflict. Sexual violence has characteristics that differentiate it from other forms of violence against women: the strong tendency for victims to remain silent "invisiblizes" the crime. This silence arises from the sense of guilt and shame that stem from cultural imaginaries and patriarchal ideologies which maintain that women can avoid being raped and assumes that somehow they provoked the attack if they were. This strong cultural prejudice makes women keep quiet and not report the crime. In the armed conflict, sexual violence has been systematically used as an effective weapon, but one that has been silenced and is neither admitted by its victims nor its perpetrators. The psychosoical treatment of sexual violence in the conflict should consider the issues of gender, human rights, and political position in order to help victims stop seeing themselves as such and become, instead, citizens who demand their rights.« [Source: Revista de estudio sociales.]

CFP: Feminist scholarship

Journal: Journal of feminist scholarship
Editors: Catherine Villanueva Gardner, Anna M. Klobucka, and Jeannette E. Riley
Submission deadline for the first issue: May 15, 2011

Description: »The is a new twice-yearly, peer-reviewed, open-access journal published online and aimed at promoting feminist scholarship across the disciplines, as well as expanding the reach and definitions of feminist research. ... There is a rolling deadline for submissions«.

More information: Journal of feminist scholarship.

CFP: Gender

Journal: Atilim social sciences journal
Editors: Lerzan Gültekin
Submission deadline: July 10, 2011

Description: »The topics for this special issue will cover, but are not limited to, the following research areas:
Gender in Social Science Research, Woman and Literature, Woman and Law, The Changing Role and Status of Women in Society, Women and Media, Political Participation of Women, Gender and Development, Work and Gender, Health and Gender, Gender and Leadership / Governance, Gendered Dimensions of Economic and Social Development, Feminist Politics, Gendered Violence, Gendered Bodies, Woman and Education, Woman and the Environment, Women in Technology & Science, Other Gender-Related Issues.«

More information: Atilim social sciences journal.

CFP: Papers about being outside the law

Journal: Journal of law and social deviance

Description: »The Journal of Law and Social Deviance publishes articles about the interplay of law and socially deviant behavior. We are interested in how law creates, inhibits, or challenges deviant behavior, especially as it evolves from, responds to, or inspires art, the animal kingdom, the body, fashion or design, pop culture, propaganda, sex, terrorism, and youth or youth movements.«

More information: Call for Papers website.

CFP: Indian women: issues and perspectives

Book: Indian women: issues and perspectives
Editors: Ranjay Vardhan, Manoj Kumar
Submission deadline: June 15, 2011

Description: »This book will cover wide range of issues such as philosophical issues, gender perspectives, women empowerment, status of women, issues concerning single women, working women, widows, deserted women, girl child, female foeticide,political participation of women, women and panchayat, women and development, changing status of women, women and violence and violations of rights of women at work and private sphere will be discussed. The status report of the women in the various sectors of Indian society will be published taking into account the historical, political. Psychological perspectives.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Gender and punishment

Conference: Gender and Medieval Studies Conference 2012
Place: University of Manchester
Date: January 11-13, 2012
Submission deadline for abstracts: unknown

Description: »Punishment is intrinsically related to the way in which authorities (such as the church, monarchy and state) seek to control, enforce and legislate the behaviour of individuals, communities and nations, and accordingly it plays an integral role in regulating bodies, spaces, spirituality and relationships. Representations of punishment - whether threatened, enacted, depicted or performed - are regularly encountered by medievalists working across the disciplines of literature, history, art and archaeology. This conference seeks to explore functions and manifestations of punishment in the Middle Ages and to consider to what extent these are determined by, or aim to determine, gender identity. How is punishment gendered? How does gender intersect with punishment?
Topics to consider may include but are not limited to:
Punishment in the beginning; the medieval understanding of the Fall.
Punishment, pedagogy and gender: the use of punishment in teaching.
Christianity, gender and punishment; treatment of the sinful body.
Punishment of Jewish, Saracen and heretical men and women.
Personal identity and self-inflicted acts of punishment.
The (gendered) use of space as punishment.
Regal punishments; punishments enacted upon or by medieval rulers.
Punishment and the regulation of perceived sexual deviance.
Punishment and spectacle; performance of punishment on and off the stage.
Gender relations in specific acts of punishment.
Confession and penance (as punishment): gendered role of confessor; issues relating to differences between female and male confession and penance.
Hell, the diabolic, and representations of gender.«

More information: Call for Papers website.