Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

October 8, 2011

ART: Re-reading rape in The Changeling

Author: Frances E. Dolan
Title: Re-reading rape in The Changeling
Subtitle: -
Journal: The journal for early modern cultural studies
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Year: Spring-Summer 2011
Pages: 4-29
ISSN: 1531-0485 - eISSN: 1553-3786
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »Some critics have argued that Middleton and Rowley’s play The Changeling depicts a rape. This article engages that argument by re-reading the play, first in relation to Janet Halley’s proposal that we “take a break” from the feminist project of “carrying a brief for” the feminine; and second in relation to recent historical research that deepens our understanding of the available ways of describing and assessing sexual coercion in seventeenth-century England. Placing particular emphasis on Beatrice-Joanna’s strategic, even exploitative, self-assertions, this article argues that the play does not depict rape as defined by statutes. Yet, as this article shows, the play participates in the history of sexual coercion and consent nonetheless. This is a history that motivates feminism. It is also a history from which we cannot take a break, however much we might wish to do so. We can, however, take a break from trying to reach a verdict on Beatrice-Joanna’s culpability in order to see how complexly the play depicts her agency.« [Source: Journal for early modern cultural studies.]

ART: Representing gender and sexual trauma

Author: Anne Donadey
Title: Representing gender and sexual trauma
Subtitle: Moufida Tlatli’s Silences of the Palace
Journal: South Central review
Volume: 28
Issue: 1
Year: Spring 2011
Pages: 36-51
ISSN: 0743-6831 - eISSN: 1549-3377
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »Tunisian filmmaker Moufida Tlatli’s 1994 Arabic-language feature film, The Silences of the Palace, stages the traumatic situation of female servants in the household of Tunisian princes in the period before and after Tunisian independence from France in 1956. The film focuses on the ways in which female gender and sexuality are lived in a traumatic mode in the palace. Issues of gender, social class, and colonization intersect in the film, which centers on the relationship between a teenage daughter whose father is unknown, Alia, and her mother, the servant Khedija, who are both struggling with issues of sexual abuse. The film highlights the following aspects of gender and sexual trauma: flashbacks; endemic sexual abuse that is widespread and repeated over generations; the transgenerational transmission of trauma due to secrets and silences around sexuality and sexual abuse; resulting physical symptoms (such as chronic migraines, fainting, dissociation, neurasthenia and aphasia); the lack of avenues of escape; and finally, paths to possible healing (such as music and singing and, eventually, national independence). Far from representing an individualized situation, the film portrays Alia as embodying the entire country. This national allegory indicates that if Tunisia gained its independence, Tunisian women’s liberation is still to come since Alia’s life has repeated her mother’s patterns. The film thus seeks to make a feminist intervention into contemporary Tunisian politics and culture. At the end of the film, Alia decides to keep her illegitimate child against her boyfriend’s wishes and to call her Khedija, after her own mother. This open ending leaves the audience wondering whether little Khedija, who is also lacking a legal father, will repeat her mother’s and grandmother’s patterns. The film makes it clear that the answer lays in the future gender politics of the Tunisian nation, which Tlatli hopes to inflect for the better.« [Source: South Central review.]

ART: The sexual abuse of black men under American slavery

Author: Thomas A. Foster
Title: The sexual abuse of black men under American slavery
Subtitle: -
Journal: Journal of the history of sexuality
Volume: 20
Issue: 3
Year: September 2011
Pages: 445-364
ISSN: 1043-4070 - eISSN: 1535-3605
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: “Crimes which startle and horrify”

Author: Estelle B. Freedman
Title: “Crimes which startle and horrify”
Subtitle: Gender, age, and the radicalization of sexual violence in white American newspapers, 1870-1900
Journal: Journal of the history of sexuality
Volume: 20
Issue: 3
Year: September 2011
Pages: 465-497
ISSN: 1043-4070 - eISSN: 1535-3605
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: “A base and unmanly conspiracy”

Author: Rodney Hessinger
Title: “A base and unmanly conspiracy"
Subtitle: Catholicism and the Hogan schism in the gendered religious marketplace of Philadelphia
Journal: Journal of the early republic
Volume: 31
Issue: 3
Year: Autumn 2011
Pages: 357-396
ISSN: 0275-1275 - eISSN: 1553-0620
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »When the Catholic priest William Hogan was charged with the attempted rape and assault of parishioner Mary Connell in 1821, the ensuing trial fed a debate about gender and religion in the early national era. Fears about gender disruption had already been at the heart of the so-called Hogan Schism. St. Mary’s Church in Philadelphia, like many other Catholic and Protestant congregations, felt the market strains of the Second Great Awakening, as followers pushed for more authority in their churches. Hogan had accommodated this desire, crafting a republican message and charismatic persona that appealed to male and female congregants alike. In doing so, he inflamed a long standing fight for power between the church hierarchy and elected trustees. As competing churchmen fought for adherents they found that women’s efforts on their behalf were central to their struggle. Hogan would resent the bishop’s seeming deployment of a female agent to bring him down. Yet Hogan himself had relied on this same woman, Mary Connell, to advance his cause. In addition, Hogan, a noted dandy, saw his very manhood interrogated from several quarters amidst these disputes. His seeming charm over female parishioners opened difficult questions about the nature of masculinity within a church that demanded celibacy of its clergy. In the long term, the schism and trial encouraged damaging criticism of Catholicism that would inform antebellum strains of nativism. Hogan himself would exploit this potential by portraying women as one of the primary victims of the unchecked power vested in priests. In both literal and metaphorical fashion, the Hogan Schism proved an “unmanly” dispute.« [Source: Journal of the early republic.]

ART: Haunted history and the birth of the republic in Middleton’s Ghost of Lucrece

Author: Donald Jellerson
Title: Haunted history and the birth of the republic in Middleton’s Ghost of Lucrece
Subtitle: -
Journal: Criticism
Volume: 53
Issue: 1
Year: Winter 2011
Pages: 53-82
ISSN: 0011-1589 - eISSN: 1536-0342
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: The career girl murders

Author: Marilynn S. Johnson
Title: The career girl murders
Subtitle: Gender, race, and crime in 1960s New York
Journal: WSQ. Women’s studies quarterly
Volume: 39
Issue: 1-2
Year: Spring-Summer 2011
Pages: 244-261
ISSN: 0732-1562 - eISSN: 1934-1520
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: Rape as weapon of war in the Eastern DRC?

Author: Anna Maedl
Title: Rape as weapon of war in the Eastern DRC?
Subtitle: The victims’ perspective
Journal: Human rights quarterly
Volume: 33
Issue: 1
Year: February 2011
Pages: 128-147
ISSN: 0275-0392 - eISSN: 1085-794X
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »Rampant sexual violence is one of the most horrendous human rights abuses taking place within Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) armed conflict. The UN has called these abuses “strategic” and a “weapon of war.” Both labels carry specific implications within the human rights discourse. However, there is a lack of structured data exploring these concepts in the context of the DRC. To address this empirical gap, twenty-five rape survivors were interviewed. In the eyes of the victims the rapes served a multitude of different purposes and appear to be both endemic and indiscriminate. The rapes are the modus operandi of the war.« [Source: Human rights quarterly.]

ART: Rape in contemporary warfare

Author: Sara Meger
Title: Rape in contemporary warfare
Subtitle: The role of globalization in wartime sexual violence
Journal: African conflict & peacebuilding review
Volume: 1
Issue: 1
Year: Spring 2011
Pages: 100-132
ISSN: 2156-695X - eISSN: 2156-7263
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »The systematic rape of women has been a regular feature of war, and in today’s civil conflicts, rape is a systematic and brutal weapon used by armed groups against civilian populations. Though rape has occurred in mass and systematic forms previously, it was not as primary a weapon as it is in contemporary conflicts. Civil conflict has become the primary form of warfare around the world, employing smaller arms and less conventional tactics than traditional interstate wars. It is in this context that rape has become a central feature of contemporary war.
The aim of this article is to understand firstly the function of rape in contemporary conflict and then explain the wider systemic factors that construct sexual violence as an effective and strategic weapon of war. This article argues that the extreme forms of sexual violence being used in contemporary conflicts are a result of the nature and context of these conflicts. Using the Democratic Republic of Congo as a case study, this article argues that the extreme levels of sexual violence being witnessed in this conflict are a direct outcome of the changed nature of conflict, which is itself a consequence of processes of international political and economic globalization.« [Source: African conflict & peacebuilding review.]

ART: “The is a most disgusting case”

Author: Jeremy Neill
Title: “The is a most disgusting case”
Subtitle: Imperial policy, class and gender in the “Rangoon Outrage” of 1899
Journal: Journal of colonialism and colonial history
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Year: Spring 2011
Pages: -
eISSN: 1532-5768
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: Women of early Rome as exempla in Livy, Ab urbe condita, book 1

Author: Tom Stevenson
Title: Women of early Rome as exempla in Livy, Ab urbe condita, book 1
Subtitle: -
Journal: Classical world
Volume: 104
Issue: 2
Year: Winter 2011
Pages: 175-189
ISSN: 0009-8418 - eISSN: 1558-9234
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »This paper examines Livy’s depiction of prominent women as exempla in book 1 of his history. It seems that the ideal public role of these women is to support the efforts of their men to make the Roman state strong and stable—a role which appears to be an elaboration of women’s efforts with respect to their families. It is clear, however, that Livy complicates each exemplum and that the women generally fall short in this role, so that the overall picture is one of inherent instability, in which men must be wary of the influence of prominent women.« [Source: Classical world.]

ART: Revising The Antiphon, restaging trauma

Author: Julie Taylor
Title: Revising The Antiphon, restaging trauma; or, where sexual politics meet textual history
Subtitle: -
Journal: Modernism/modernity
Volume: 18
Issue: 1
Year: January 2011
Pages: 125-147
ISSN: 1071-6068 - eISSN: 1080-6601
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

ART: Violence, visual metaphor, and the “true” Lucrece

Author: Margaret Rice Vasileiou
Title: Violence, visual metaphor, and the “true” Lucrece
Subtitle: -
Journal: SEL. Studies in English literature 1500-1900
Volume: 51
Issue: 1
Year: Winter 2011
Pages: 47-63
ISSN: 0039-3657 - eISSN: 1522-9270
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

Abstract: »Reanimating the 1980s critical discussion about how rhetoric in Shakespeare’s The Rape of Lucrece effects and affects the poem’s plot, this essay takes the ekphrastic scene at the center of the poem, in which Lucrece attempts to access a true Sinon hidden behind the painting’s canvas, to demonstrate how visual rhetoric motivates Tarquin’s rape of Lucrece and Lucrece’s suicide. In these violent acts, Tarquin and Lucrece attempt to surpass obfuscating representations and access unmediated truth, but discover that such truth is not obfuscated, but rather constituted, by visual metaphor. Shakespeare’s characters respond to this revelation by resurrecting visual metaphor, thereby carrying rhetorically inspired violence into Roman history.« [Source: SEL.]

ART: Sex scandals, sexual violence, and the word on the street

Author: Nathaniel D. Wood
Title: Sex scandals, sexual violence, and the word on the street
Subtitle: The Kolasówna Lustmord in Cracow’s popular press, 1905-1906
Journal: Journal of the history of sexuality
Volume: 20
Issue: 2
Year: May 2011
Pages: 243-269
ISSN: 1043-4070 - eISSN: 1535-3605
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted.]

PRIZE: Susan Koppelman Award

Prize: 2012 Susan Koppelman Award for Best Anthology, Multi-Authored, or Edited Book in Feminist Studies in Popular Culture
Submission deadline: December 31, 2011

Description: »Books published in 2011 are eligible for consideration for this year’s awards.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Encyclopedia of military science

Book: Encyclopedia of military science
Editor: G. Kurt Piehler
Submission deadline: unknown

Description: »The Encyclopedia of Military Science and SAGE Publications is seeking contributors to write on the organization, traditions, training, purpose, and functions of today’s military. Entries include coverage of the duties, responsibilities, and authority of military personnel and an understanding of strategies and tactics of the modern military and how they interface with political, social, legal, economic, and technological factors. A large component is devoted to issues of leadership, group dynamics, motivation, problem-solving, and decision making in the military context. Finally, this work also covers recent American military history since the end of the Cold War with a special emphasis on peacekeeping and peacemaking operations, the First Persian Gulf War, the events surrounding 9/11, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and how the military has been changing in relation to these events.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Murders and acquisitions

Book: Murders and acquisitions: representations of the serial killer in popular culture
Editor: Alzena MacDonald
Submission deadline for abstracts: October 14, 2011

Description: »Murders and Acquisitions analyses representations of the serial killer in popular culture. The ‘serial killer’ has become increasingly prevalent in popular culture, particularly through the mediums of film and television, since the term was coined by Robert Ressler at the FBI in the mid-1970s. It is the aim of this book to explore the social and political implications of this cultural figure. The book argues that the serial killer performs a potent instrumentality, specifically within the genres of horror and detective/crime fiction, and that the often blood-chilling representations of the serial killer and serial killing function to address contemporary concerns and preoccupations.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Violence and representation

Conference: ACLA 2012 Annual Meeting
Place: Providence, RI
Date: March 29 - April 1, 2012
Submission deadline for proposals: November 1, 2011

Description: »This seminar intends to put into conversation scholarly works that explore both the representation of violent acts and the violence of representation. We are interested in a diverse conversation across multiple disciplines and seek papers that deal with literary, cinematic, performative or documentary texts.
The themes these papers would manage might include but are certainly not limited to:
•state-sponsored violence; violence and temporality;
•violence and memory; the sacred and the profane;
•performance of violence;
•violence as a language; self-mutilation;
•violence and the market;
•translation and adaptation;
•iconoclasm;
•censorship and taboo;
•lexical violence;
•spectacle and public death;
•race and the body;
•violence and the subaltern.«

More information: American Comparative Literature Association.

CFP: Indecency

Conference: Thirteenth Annual Graduate Symposium on Women’s & Gender History
Place: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Date: March 1-3, 2012
Submission deadline: November 1, 2011

Description: »To celebrate and encourage further work in the field of women’s and gender history, we invite submissions from graduate students from any institution and discipline on any topic in the field of women’s and gender history.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Comparative approaches to early modern sexualities in literature and culture

Conference: ACLA 2012 Annual Meeting
Place: Providence, RI
Date: March 29 - April 1, 2012
Submission deadline for proposals: November 1, 2011

Description: »This seminar invites papers that present new interdisciplinary perspectives to explore “traveling” sexualities in the early modern world. Considering sexuality through various sites of “global” interactions, dialogues, circulating discourses and practices, and translations, which put pressure on traditional gender and sexual binaries and geographical boundaries, this seminar calls for papers analyzing non-heteronormative sexual interactions and/or reconfigurations of gender roles in early modern societies. Although we strongly encourage papers that address eastern and western encounters and interactions, we welcome papers analyzing other territorial interactions as well.
Some possible topics include, but are not limited to:
the East, the West, and sex
Islamicate sexualities
sexualities and religions
ancient and early modern sexualities
the Ottoman and Europeans sexual practices and representations
same-sex love and desire
‘the beloved boys’
normative sexualities and sexual politics
effeminacy and androgyny
the nature of desire and sexuality
ethnography and the representation of “other” sexualities
sexual diseases and catastrophes«

More information: American Comparative Literature Association.

CFP: Violence: probing the boundaries

Conference: 10th Global Conference
Place: Prague, Czech Republic
Date: May 13-15, 2012
Submission deadline for abstracts: November 4, 2011

Description: »This conference is one of a continuing series that aims to bring together people from a wide range of disciplines to focus on Violence. Our intention is to contribute to the body of thought which seeks to understand the nature and causes of this endemic feature of society. Such a complex phenomenon has many faces, a multitude of contexts (real or imagined), and many possible explanations in relation to causation and to the role Violence has played and still plays in societies all over the world and at every stage of development. Perpetrators may be states, political or religious factions within states, military groups, state or private institutions, communities, gangs, families or individuals. The range of possible victims is equally diverse and possible explanations range across historical, cultural, political, ethical, literary, functional, psychological, criminological, sociological, biological and economic sources. We therefore invite contributions from any and all of these disciplinary areas.«

More information: Inter-Disciplinary.Net.

CFP: Women & the Civil War

Conference: University of Maryland Libraries Symposium
Place: College Park, MD
Date: April 27, 2012
Submission deadlnie: November 15, 2011

Description: »The symposium will provide a forum for discussing the multitude of roles women played in the war and the many ways in which the war affected them. The keynote speaker will be Thavolia Glymph, Associate Professor of History and African American Studies at Duke University.
The symposium committee is especially interested in scholarship relating to Maryland women and the Civil War or to women’s experiences in the border states. Proposals relating to these topics will be given preference, but proposals relating to other aspects of the topic of women and the Civil War will also be considered.«

More information: H-Net Announcements.

CFP: Bodies on stage

Conference: 2012 CDE Conference
Place: Mülheim/Ruhr, Germany
Date: June 7-10, 2012
Submission deadline: December 31, 2011

Description: »The 2012 CDE conference aims at exploring the broad variety of recent drama in English concerning corporeality – from the importance of actors or ensembles for the production and reception of plays to the discursive experiments written on and around bodies. We invite papers in English of 20 minutes length. Possible topics include (but are not limited to):
* writing for bodies: actors and their connection with playwrights
* different strategies of representing corporeality on stage
* explorations of gender, ethnicity, class and age by cross-casting
* typecasting, celebrity casting or casting against the grain
* suffering bodies, violence and nudity and their functions
* old media of the body versus new media
* grotesque bodies
In accordance with CDE’s constitutional policy, papers should deal exclusively with contemporary (i.e. post-Beckettian, post-1989) theatre and drama in English.«

More information: German Society for Contemporary Theatre and Drama in English.

CFP: Writing and dramatising the body

Conference: Writing and dramatising the body: violence, discordance and reconfiguration in English-language literature and drama
Place: Charles de Gaulle University, Lille, France
Date: March 22-23, 2013
Submission deadline: January 12, 2012

Description: »Aside from the specificities which might distinguish fiction, drama and poetry, the question of genre/gender comes to the fore in the emphasis laid on an eroticised, sexualised, gendered body, which violence prods with particular force: the political and aesthetic issues at stake in the construction and representation of the gendered body are therefore also of chief interest.
These angles of approach are, of course, non-exhaustive and we would welcome papers dealing with these and other issues.«

More information: CFP website.

CONF: Sexuality & slavery

Conference: Sexuality & slavery: exposing the history of enslaved people in the Americas
Place: University of Texas at Austin
Date: November 11-12, 2011

Lectures:
Foster, Thomas A. “The sexual abuse of black men under American slavery.”
King, Wilma. “The sexual exploitation of enslaved girls and the legacy of slavery: what’s new?”

More information: Institute for Historical Studies, University of Texas at Austin.