Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

June 2, 2012

ART: Race, rape and capital punishment in Connecticut to 1830

Author: Lawrence B. Goodheart
Title: Race, rape and capital punishment in Connecticut to 1830
Subtitle: -
Journal: Patterns of Prejudice
Volume: 46
Issue: 1
Year: 2012
Pages: 58-77
ISSN: 0031-322X - eISSN: 1461-7331
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted access]

Abstract: »Goodheart's narrative of the death penalty in early Connecticut argues that the racist depiction of black men as violent sexual predators who preyed on white women goes back hundreds of years and flourished in New England. The depiction of African American men as lascivious and dangerous was well established during slave times. The resulting prosecutorial treatment of black-on-white rape was remarkably consistent during the colonial and early national period. After the only white man was hanged for rape in 1693, the remaining five executions were all of Blacks. No one of any race was hanged for the rape of a Native American or African American woman. A marker of the marginalization of African Americans is that the final person hanged in Connecticut for a crime other than homicide was a black man for rape in 1817. This persistent pattern of prejudice is a telling example of the impact of race on criminal justice, especially the capital crime of rape.« [Source: Patterns of Prejudice]

ART: Rediscovering a massacre: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang's The Rape of Nanking

Author: Damien Kinney
Title: Rediscovering a massacre
Subtitle: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang's The Rape of Nanking
Journal: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies
Volume: 26
Issue: 1
Year: 2012
Pages: 11-23
ISSN: 1030-4312 - eISSN: 1469-3666
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted access]

Abstract: »In December 1937, the then-Chinese capital of Nanjing fell to the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA). China, under the control of the Nationalist government (the KMT), had been engaged in full-scale conflict with Japan since July of that year in what is known as the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). During 1937, Japanese forces captured several major Chinese cities, including Shanghai, whose taking enabled the invading army to advance on the capital. By the time the IJA entered an already-bombarded Nanjing on December 13, the KMT had withdrawn its army, leaving the city officially defenceless. The events that ensued over six weeks – including mass rape and killing of both civilians and disarmed military personnel – are known collectively as the Nanjing Massacre. Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. This figure, set in stone as if to quantify the city's trauma, has confronted visitors to the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum since its opening in 1985.« [Source: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies]

ART: Sexual violence by occupational forces during and after World War II

Authors: Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Tobias M. Gl├╝ck, Ulrich S. Tran, and Elisabeth L. Zeilinger
Title: Sexual violence by occupational forces during and after World War II
Subtitle: Influence of experiencing and witnessing of sexual violence on current mental health in a sample of elderly Austrians
Journal: International Psychogeriatrics
Year: Published online: March 21, 2012
Pages: 5pp.
ISSN: 1041-6102 - eISSN: 1741-203X
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted access]

Abstract:
»Background: Wartime rape is an atrocity with long-lasting impacts not only on victims but whole societies. In this brief report, we present data on experience and witness of sexual violence during World War II (WWII) and subsequent time of occupation and on indicators of mental health in a sample of elderly Austrians.
Methods: Interviews of 298 elderly Austrians from a larger epidemiological study on WWII traumatization were analyzed for the impact of experience and witness of sexual violence during the wartime committed by occupational forces. Interviews comprised a biographical/historical section and psychological measures (BSI, TLEQ, PCL–C). Participants were recruited in all nine provinces of Austria with respect to former zones of occupation (Western Allied/Soviet).
Results: Twelve persons reported direct experience of sexual violence, 33 persons witnessed such atrocities. One third of the victims and 18.2% of the witnesses reported post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD full/subthreshold). Sexual violence occurred more often in the former Soviet zone. Victims and witnesses displayed higher odds of post-traumatic symptoms and symptoms of depression and phobic fear than non-victims. Furthermore, witnesses displayed higher levels of aggression compared to victims and non-witnesses.
Conclusions: Our results corroborate previous findings that wartime rape has long-lasting effects over decades on current mental health and post-traumatic distress in victims and witnesses. We recommend integration of psychotraumatological knowledge on consequences of sexual violence on mental health into geriatric care and the education of dedicated personnel.« [Source: International Psychogeriatrics]

ART: The Rape of Nanking vs. the incident of Nanking: a Literature Review

Author: Chi-Wei Man
Title: The Rape of Nanking vs. the incident of Nanking
Subtitle: A Literature Review
Journal: Momentum
Volume: 1
Issue: 1
Year: 2012
Pages: 16 pages
Language: English
Full Text: Momentum [Free access]

Abstract: »The Nanking Massacre has become deeply ingrained in the cultural history of both the Chinese and the Japanese; however it has taken on two perhaps contradictory narratives in each of those communities.« [Source: Momentum]

ART: A More Inclusive History of Sexual Crimes During the World War II Era

Author: Genevieve Peterson
Title: A More Inclusive History of Sexual Crimes During the World War II Era
Subtitle: Situating the Comfort Women System Amongst the Sexual Crimes of Allied Forces in Japan
Journal: Princemere: The Gordon College Academic Journal
Volume: 1
Issue: 1
Year: Autumn 2011
Pages: 25-33
Language: English
Full Text: Edublogs [Free access]

ART: Nanjing, Rape of (December 13, 1937-January 22, 1938)

Author: Priscilla Mary Roberts
Title: Nanjing, Rape of (December 13, 1937-January 22, 1938)
Subtitle: -
In: China at War. An Encyclopedia
Edited by: Xiaobing Li
Place: Santa Barbara, CA
Publisher: ABC-Clio
Year: 2012
Pages: 296-298
ISBN-13: 9781598844153
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited preview]

ART: The tools to combat the war on women's bodies: rape and sexual violence against women in armed conflict

Author: Kas Wachalaa
Title: The tools to combat the war on women's bodies
Subtitle: rape and sexual violence against women in armed conflict
Journal: The International Journal of Human Rights
Volume: 16
Issue: 3
Year: 2012
Pages: 533-553
ISSN: 1364-2987 - eISSN: 1744-053X
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted access]

Abstract: »Without doubt since the 1990s inroads have been made in the development of international law in the sphere of sexual violence and armed conflict. Due to the progress made in international law itself and the tribunals of the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, international law can now be seen to have an array of tools with which to combat and prosecute perpetrators of sexual violence. These tools include humanitarian law, the Genocide Convention, crimes against humanity, customary international law, in particular the rules of jus cogens and the Rome Statute. An analysis will be made in this article of the effectiveness of these tools and how they can be utilised in order to prevent the on-going onslaught on women's bodies. It will be seen that the gradual acknowledgement of rape and sexual violence as an international crime has the potential of empowering women and can give them the ability to use international law as a powerful tool to redress violence perpetrated against them in armed conflict. This article will then examine whether this potential is in fact a reality for women who have suffered sexual abuse in armed conflict or have the developments merely paid lip service to these crimes and not been as progressive as was first hoped.« [Source: The International Journal of Human Rights]

BOOK: Rape-Revenge Films

Author: Alexandra Heller-Nicholas
Title: Rape-Revenge Films
Subtitle: A Critical Study
Place: Jefferson, NC
Publisher: McFarland & Co
Year: 2011
Pages: 238pp.
Language: English

THESIS: Rape and the Feminine Response in Early Modern England and Several Shakespearean Works

Author: David Alexander Bernard
Title: Rape and the Feminine Response in Early Modern England and Several Shakespearean Works
Subtitle: -
Thesis: Senior English Honors Thesis, University of Tennessee
Year: 2011
Pages: 47pp.
Language: English
Full Text: Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange [Free access]

THESIS: Taboo: Martial Rape in Israel and the Occupied Territories

Author: Meghan Warren
Title: Taboo
Subtitle: Martial Rape in Israel and the Occupied Territories
Thesis: M.A. Thesis, Georgetown University
Year: 2011
Pages: v + 61pp.
Language: English
Full Text: DigitalGeorgetown [Free access]

Abstract: »This project seeks to explore why rape as a tool of war has been inconsistently employed by Israeli forces (specifically, the Haganah/Irgun and the Israel Defense Forces) during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Rape as a tool of war can be used as a means of ethnic cleansing, terrorizing, and weakening the will of the targeted population. It has seen widespread use in ethnic and territorial conflicts similar to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Why has Israel avoided this war tactic, despite allegedly using it in the run-up to the 1948 War of Independence? What events, developments, beliefs or other factors altered its calculus? This project aims to determine some of the factors that correlate with the incidence of martial rape and shed light on how its use can be deterred or prevented. Ultimately, it finds that a highly influential factor deterring martial rape is the professionalization of military forces.« [Source: DigitalGeorgetown]

CFP: Sexuality, Gender, and Race in Religion

Journal: University of Winchester eJournal of Sexuality, Gender, and Race in Religion
Submission deadline for proposals: Unknown

Description: We »are seeking varied submissions exploring the intersectionality of sexuality, gender, and race in religion, especially on topics most often silenced by institutional authority.«

More information: H-Net Announcements

CFP: Justice after Violence: Critical Perspectives from the Western Balkans

Journal: Studies in Social Justice
Guest Editor: Diane Enns
Submission deadline: September 1, 2012

Description: »This issue of Studies in Social Justice will focus on the current status of justice—as a concept and process—in a region dealing with an egregious past and its contradictory legacies. We invite contributions that reflect on justice and its relation to peace and politics in the aftermath of violent conflict in the Western Balkans.«

More information: Center for Studies in Social Justice, University of Windsor

CFP: All Aspects of American Culture

Journal: Studies in American Culture
Editor: Robert L. McDonald
Submission deadline for proposals: Unknown

Description: »Studies in American Culture welcomes the submission of essays on all aspects of American culture, including studies of the literature, language, visual arts, and history of the United States, and from all scholarly and critical approaches.«

More information: CFP website

CFP: Crime and Punishment: Mythologizing the Law

Conference: Film & History Conference on “Film and Myth”
Place: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Date: September 26-30, 2012
Submission deadline for proposals: June 1, 2012

Description: »This area, comprising multiple panels, will encompass all aspects of the mythological uses of crime and punishment in films and television programs. Papers that explore how such myths are played out in multiple cultures outside the US and UK are especially welcome.«

More information: Film & History