Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

January 26, 2013

ART: Constructing Soldiers from Boys in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Authors: Jill Trenholm, Pia Olsson, Martha Blomqvist, and Beth Maina Ahlberg
Title: Constructing Soldiers from Boys in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Subtitle: -
Journal: Men and Masculinities
Year: January 16, 2013 (Published online before print)
Pages: 25 pages
ISSN: 1097-184X - eISSN: 1552-6828
Language: English
Full Text: SAGE Journals [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This study is part of an ethnography focusing on war rape in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo where child soldiers are both victims and perpetrators of violence. Twelve ex-child soldier boys, aged thirteen to eighteen years, from a reintegration facility were interviewed about their soldiering experiences and their perspectives on sexual violence. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis. Conceptual frameworks of militarized masculine identity and gender-based violence guided the process. Results revealed the systematic and violent construction of children into soldiers, inculcating a “militarized masculinity”; a rigid set of stereotypical hypermasculinized behaviors promoting dominance by violating, sexually and otherwise, the subordinate “other.” This was achieved through terrorizing/coercing, use of indigenous preparations, substance abuse, and forbidden reflection. This article presents a more contextualized complex view of the violent perpetrator whose behaviors are a manifestation of the modes and mechanisms in which society has constructed/reconstructed gender, ethnicity, and class, and the power dynamics therein.« [Source: Men and Masculinities]