Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

September 21, 2013

ART: Gewalt in Wiener Heimen zwischen 1945 und 1990: Eine retrospektive Studie aus psychotraumatologischer Perspektive

Authors: Ernst Berger and Tamara Katschnig
Title: Gewalt in Wiener Heimen zwischen 1945 und 1990
Subtitle: Eine retrospektive Studie aus psychotraumatologischer Perspektive
Journal: neuropsychiatrie
Volume: Published before print
Year: September 2013
Pages: 8 pages
ISSN: 0948-6259 - eISSN: 2194-1327
Language: German
Full Text: SpringerLink [Restricted Access]

Abstract:
»Background information
Commissioned by the victims-organisation ‘Wei├čer Ring’, we conducted 130 interviews (34% female, 66% male, medium age of 53.6 years) during a period of 12 months (March 2011–March 2012). All of them reported that they had been traumatised children in residential care (1946–1975: 70%, 1976–1990: 25%). The interviews primarily aimed at providing expert estimates of the consequences of individual traumas in order to establish a valid basis for compensation. The later evaluation of the interviews allows insight in to forms and quantity of subjective experiences of trauma and of their consequences for later life; although—due to the sampling procedures—no reliable generalisations about the entire system of Social Pedagogy of the City of Vienna are possible. All 130 one-hour long, clinical-biographic interviews were conducted by the same expert (who has qualifications in general and in adolescent psychiatry).
Results
98.5% report experiences of psychic, 96.2% of bodily and 46.9% of sexual violence. 45.5% also report some positive experiences (independent of the form of experienced violence). There are significantly more reports about the frequency of physical violence during 1946–1975, however not about other forms of violence than from the later years. Problems in later life emerge more frequently after experiences of sexual violence, such as instable career trajectories, instable partnerships, psychopathological symptoms and severe turbulences in one’s life history. The experiences of physical violence correlate significantly higher with instable career trajectories and (not significantly) with criminal tendencies. The frequency of later psychiatric care is related to the length of time spent in residential care (but not significantly).« [Source: neuropsychiatrie]

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