Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

February 23, 2013

ART: Der Stellvertreter

Author: Harald Biskup
Title: Der Stellvertreter
Subtitle: -
Journal: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger
Year: February 22, 2013
Pages: 8
Language: German
Full Text: netzwerkB [Free Access]

Abstract: »Jahrelang wird Norbert Denef als Kind von einem katholischen Priester missbraucht. Als Erwachsener zeigt er seinen Peiniger an - und erwirkt als erstes Opfer in Deutschland ein nennenswertes Schmerzensgeld.« [Source: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger]

ART: Against the odds: Sustaining feminist momentum in post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina

Author: Cynthia Cockburn
Title: Against the odds
Subtitle: Sustaining feminist momentum in post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina
Journal: Women's Studies International Forum
Volume: 37
Issue:
Year: March-April 2013
Pages: 26-35
ISSN: 0277-5395
Language: English
Full Text: ScienceDirect [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »During the nationalist wars that destroyed Yugoslavia, a women's organization in central Bosnia-Herzegovina was set up to respond to the needs of women raped and traumatized in the fighting. In 1995, as the war ended, the author made a study of the feminist and anti-nationalist thinking and relationships among the doctors, therapists and other staff of Medica Women's Therapy Centre. In 2012 she returned to Bosnia to reinterview women and track developments in this post-conflict period. Medica now supports survivors of domestic violence, on the one hand working in a close partnership with local government services and on the other lobbying the state for improved legislation and provision. In a political system riven by nationalism, women report a retrogression in gender relations and high levels of violence against women. A recent split in Medica signals divergences in feminism and aspirations to a more radical and holistic movement.« [Source: Women's Studies International Forum]

ART: The Golden Age of the Aggressive Male? Violence, Masculinity and the State in Sixteenth-Century Sweden

Author: Mats Hallenberg
Title: The Golden Age of the Aggressive Male?
Subtitle: Violence, Masculinity and the State in Sixteenth-Century Sweden
Journal: Gender & History
Year: February 14, 2013 (Article first published online)
Pages: 18pp.
ISSN: 0953-5233 - eISSN: 1468-0424
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Restricted Access]

ART: Rape as a Weapon of Hate: Discursive Constructions and Material Consequences of Black Lesbianism in South Africa

Author: Megan E. Morrissey
Title: Rape as a Weapon of Hate
Subtitle: Discursive Constructions and Material Consequences of Black Lesbianism in South Africa
Journal: Women's Studies in Communication
Volume: 36
Issue: 1
Year: 2013
Pages: 72-91
ISSN: 0749-1409 - eISSN: 2152-999X
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »When the violent years of apartheid ended in South Africa in the early 1990s, the nation reinvigorated a commitment to equality. Despite institutional gains and the constitutional recognition of gay rights, violence against gay and lesbian people in South Africa persists. This critical rhetorical analysis reveals that much media coverage about the nation constructs Black lesbianism in South Africa as especially liminal. Discursively marginalizing these women positions them such that they become vulnerable to physical/material disciplining in the form of “corrective rape.”« [Source: Women's Studies in Communication]

ART: Master Narratives and the Wall Painting of the House of the Vettii, Pompeii

Author: Beth Severy-Hoven
Title: Master Narratives and the Wall Painting of the House of the Vettii, Pompeii
Subtitle: -
Journal: Gender & History
Volume: 24
Issue: 3
Year: November 2012
Pages: 540-580
ISSN: 0953-5233 - eISSN: 1468-0424
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Free Access]

BOOK: Sexueller Kindesmissbrauch - Zeugnisse, Botschaften, Konsequenzen

Authors: Jörg M. Fegert, Miriam Rassenhofer, Thekla Schneider, Alexander Seitz, and Nina Spröber
Title: Sexueller Kindesmissbrauch
Subtitle: Zeugnisse, Botschaften, Konsequenzen
Place: Weinheim and Basel
Publisher: Beltz Juventa
Year: 2013
Pages: 336pp.
Language: German

REPORT: La protection de la population civile au titre du droit international humanitaire: tendances et difficultés

Author: Camilla Waszink
Title: La protection de la population civile au titre du droit international humanitaire
Subtitle: Tendances et difficultés
Place: Oslo
Publisher: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre
Year: April 1, 2012
Pages: 40pp.
Series: NOREF Report
Language: French
Full Text: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre [Free Access]

REV: Before the Revolution: Women's Rights and Right-Wing Politics in Nicaragua, 1821–1979

Author: Courtney Desiree Morris
Title: Before the Revolution: Women's Rights and Right-Wing Politics in Nicaragua, 1821–1979. Victoria González-Rivera, University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2011. 224 pp.
Journal: The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology
Volume: 18
Issue: 1
Year: March 2013
Pages: 148-151
ISSN: 1925-4940 - eISSN: 1935-4940
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Restricted Access]

REV: Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War

Author: Amber Abbas
Title: Sarmila Bose. Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. x + 239 pp. $37.50 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-231-70164-8
Discussion List: H-Memory
Year: March 2012
Language: English
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

REV: Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War

Author: Syed Badrul Ahsan
Title: Sarmila Bose. Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War. Hurst and Company, London, 2011. pp. 239. Appendices. Notes. Bibliog. index. Hb. £45. ISBN 9 7818 4904 0488. Pb £20. ISBN 9 7818 4904 0495
Journal: Asian Affairs
Volume: 43
Issue: 3
Year: 2012
Pages: 505-507
ISSN: 0306-8374 - eISSN: 1477-1500
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

REV: Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War

Author: Atul Mishraa
Title: Dead reckoning: memories of the 1971 Bangladesh war, by Sarmila Bose, London, Hurst, 2011, x + 239 pp., ISBN 978-1-84904-049-5
Journal: Contemporary South Asia
Volume: 21
Issue: 1
Year: 2013
Pages: 76-77
ISSN: 0958-4935 - eISSN: 1469-364X
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

REV: Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War

Author: Priyanka Singh
Title: Bose Sarmila, Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War, London: Hurst & Company, 2011, 239 pp. £19.00 (pbk), £42.75 (hbk)
Journal: Nations and Nationalism
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Year: July 2012
Pages: 554-555
ISSN: 1354-5078 - eISSN: 1469-8129
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Restricted Access]

REV: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh

Author: Syed Badrul Ahsan
Title: Yasmin Saikia. Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh. Duke University Press, Durham, NC, 2011. pp. 311. Maps. Illust. Notes. Refs. Index. Pb. £ 16.99. ISBN 9 7808 2235 0385
Journal: Asian Affairs
Volume: 43
Issue: 3
Year: 2012
Pages: 505-507
ISSN: 0306-8374 - eISSN: 1477-1500
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

REV: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971

Author: Bina D'Costa
Title: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971. Yasmin Saikia. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 2011.. 336 pp., $89.95 (hbk.), $ 18.95 (pbk.)
Journal: Journal of Genocide Research
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Year: 2012
Pages: 110-114
ISSN: 1462-3528 - eISSN: 1469-9494
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

REV: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971

Author: Neeti Nair
Title: Yasmin Saikia. Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. 2011. Pp. xviii, 311. Cloth $89.95, paper $24.95
Journal: American Historical Review
Volume: 118
Issue: 1
Year: February 2013
Pages: 169-170
ISSN: 0002-8762 - eISSN: 1937-5239
Language: English
Full Text: Oxford University Press [Restricted Access]

REV: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971

Author: Hannah Sholder
Title: Yasmin Saikia, Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971
Journal: South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal
Volume: 6
Issue: -
Year: May 15, 2012
Pages: 3pp.
eISSN: 1960-6060
Language: English
Full Text: Revues.org [Free Access]

REV: Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971

Author: Chitralekha Zutshi
Title: Yasmin Saikia. Women, War, and the Making of Bangladesh: Remembering 1971. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011. xx + 311 pp. $89.95 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-8223-5021-7; $24.95 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8223-5038-5
Discussion List: H-Asia
Year: September 2012
Language: English
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

WEBSITE: netzwerkB (Netzwerk Betroffener von sexualisierter Gewalt)

Description: »netzwerkB (Netzwerk Betroffener von sexualisierter Gewalt) e.V. ist eine unabhängige Interessenvertretung – Betroffene setzen sich für die Rechte Betroffener ein, indem sie das gesellschaftliche Schweigen brechen.«

Link: netzwerkB

February 16, 2013

RADIO: The woman who forgave her rapist

Title: The woman who forgave her rapist
Program: Outlook
Channel: BBC World Service
Date: February 13, 2013
Duration: 26:54 min.
Language: English

Description: »Satta Joe was raped during a rebel attack on her village in Sierra Leone. As part of a project to help the country recover from the civil war, Satta agreed to forgive her attacker and take part in a dance of reconciliation.«

Podcast: BBC

ART: "Archetypes of Humanitarian Discourse": Child Soldiers, Forced Marriage, and the Framing of Communities in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

Author: Mariane C. Ferme
Title: "Archetypes of Humanitarian Discourse"
Subtitle: Child Soldiers, Forced Marriage, and the Framing of Communities in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone
Journal: Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Year: Spring 2013
Pages: 49-71
ISSN: 2151-4364 - eISSN: 2151-4372
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted Access]

ART: Continuity and Change: Evolution, Not Revolution, in Japan's Foreign and Security Policy Under the DPJ

Authors: Brendan M. Howe and Joel R. Campbell
Title: Continuity and Change
Subtitle: Evolution, Not Revolution, in Japan's Foreign and Security Policy Under the DPJ
Journal: Asian Perspective
Volume: 37
Issue: 1
Year: January-March 2013
Pages: 99-123
ISSN: 0258-9184
Language: English
Full Text: Lynne Rienner Publishers [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »In this article, we address four common, often contradictory misconceptions concerning Japanese foreign and security policy. First, Japan's strategic “normalization” is dangerous. Second, Japan is incapable of having a “normal” policy. Third, Japan is about to become “normal.” Fourth, foreign and security policy under the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) will differ radically from what it was for fifty years under the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). We contend that Japan is not a threat; that it has a security policy, but not one that fits well with Western models; and that Japan's security policy is changing, gradually not radically, and is not becoming just like the West's.« [Source: Asian Perspective]

ART: Comfort Women

Author: Louis G. Perez
Title: Comfort Women
Subtitle: -
In: Japan at War. An Encyclopedia
Edited by: Louis G. Perez
Place: Santa Barbara, Ca.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Year: 2013
Pages: 59-61
ISBN-13: 9781598847413 - eISBN-13: 9781598847420
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

ART: The Politics of War Memory in Japan 1990-2010: Progressive Civil Society Groups and Contestation of Memory of the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945)

Author: Kamila Szczepanska
Title: The Politics of War Memory in Japan 1990-201
Subtitle: Progressive Civil Society Groups and Contestation of Memory of the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945)
Journal: GEMC journal
Volume: -
Issue: 8
Year: March 2013
Pages: 210-218
Language: English
Full Text: Gender Equality and Multicultural Conviviality in the Age of Globalization [Free Access]

BOOK: Sexual Revolutions in Cuba. Passion, Politics, and Memory

Author: Carrie Hamilton
Title: Sexual Revolutions in Cuba
Subtitle: Passion, Politics, and Memory
Place: Chapel Hill, NC
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Year: 2012
Pages: 320pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Intimate Enemies. Violence and Reconciliation in Peru

Author: Kimberly Theidon
Title: Intimate Enemies
Subtitle: Violence and Reconciliation in Peru
Place: Philadelphia
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Year: 2013
Pages: 488pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Athletes, Sexual Assault, and "Trials by Media". Narrative Immunity

Author: Deb Waterhouse-Watson
Title: Athletes, Sexual Assault, and "Trials by Media"
Subtitle: Narrative Immunity
Place: New York and London
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 238pp.
Language: English

THESIS: Balkan Wars between the Lines: Violence and Civilians in Macedonia, 1912-1918

Author: Stefan Sotiris Papaioannou
Title: Balkan Wars between the Lines
Subtitle: Violence and Civilians in Macedonia, 1912-1918
Thesis: Dissertation, University of Maryland (College Park, Md.)
Year: 2012
Pages:
Language: English
Full Text: Digital Repository at the University of Maryland [Note: At the request of the author, this file is not available online until November 15, 2013.]

Abstract: »This dissertation challenges the widely held view that there is something morbidly distinctive about violence in the Balkans. It subjects this notion to scrutiny by examining how inhabitants of the embattled region of Macedonia endured a particularly violent set of events: the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 and the First World War. Making use of a variety of sources including archives located in the three countries that today share the region of Macedonia, the study reveals that members of this majority-Orthodox Christian civilian population were not inclined to perpetrate wartime violence against one another. Though they often identified with rival national camps, inhabitants of Macedonia were typically willing neither to kill their neighbors nor to die over those differences. They preferred to pursue priorities they considered more important, including economic advancement, education, and security of their properties, all of which were likely to be undermined by internecine violence. National armies from Balkan countries then adjacent to geographic Macedonia (Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia) and their associated paramilitary forces were instead the perpetrators of violence against civilians. In these violent activities they were joined by armies from Western and Central Europe during the First World War. Contrary to existing military and diplomatic histories that emphasize continuities between the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 and the First World War, this primarily social history reveals that the nature of abuses committed against civilians changed rapidly during this six-year period. During the Balkan Wars and the opening campaigns of the First World War, armed forces often used tactics of terror against civilians perceived to be unfriendly, including spontaneous decisions to burn houses, murder, and rape. As the First World War settled into a long war of attrition, armed forces introduced concentration camps and other kinds of bureaucratically organized violence against civilians that came increasingly to mark broader European violence of the twentieth century. In all of these activities, the study reveals, Balkan armies and paramilitary forces were little different in their behavior from armed forces of the era throughout the Western world.« [Source: Digital Repository at the University of Maryland]

REPORT: Sexual Violence and Justice in Postconflict Peru

Authors: Jelke Boesten and Melissa Fisher
Title: Sexual Violence and Justice in Postconflict Peru
Subtitle: -
Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: United States Institute of Peace
Year: June 2012
Pages: 12pp.
Series: United States Institute of Peace Special Report 310
Language: English
Full Text: United States Institute of Peace [Free Access]

Abstract: »This report informs the international community on the continuum of sexual violence in Peru, current legal practices in domestic courts, and the barriers that victim-survivors face in seeking justice. The recommendations are based on testimonies from victim-survivors of the internal conflict between Shining Path and the counterinsurgency in the 1980s and 1990s.« [Source: United States Institute of Peace]

REPORT: Wartime Sexual Violence. Misconceptions, Implications, and Ways Forward

Authors: Dara Kay Cohen, Amelia Hoover Green, and Elisabeth Jean Wood
Title: Wartime Sexual Violence
Subtitle: Misconceptions, Implications, and Ways Forward
Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: United States Institute of Peace
Year: February 2013
Pages: 16pp.
Series: United States Institute of Peace Special Report 323
eISBN-13: 9781601271570
Language: English
Full Text: United States Institute of Peace [Free Access]

Abstract: »Under the collaborative leadership of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP); the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley; the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO); and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute North America (SIPRI North America), this special report is launched to mark the first convening of The Missing Peace Symposium on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Settings. Over the past eighteen months, this core group of organizations along with others have developed a community of practice made up of scholars, policymakers, practitioners, and military and civil society actors to examine the issues of conflict-related sexual violence, to identify gaps in knowledge and reporting, and to explore how to increase the effectiveness of current responses to such violence. This report summarizes ten major misconceptions about wartime sexual violence, highlighting both advances and gaps in our knowledge. Drawing on social science research, it outlines for policymakers the current state of knowledge about wartime sexual violence, details gaps in existing knowledge, and explores the implications of these findings for policymaking.« [Source: United States Institute of Peace]

REV: Intimate Enemies: Violence and Reconciliation in Peru

Author: Sally Engle Merry
Title: Kimberly Theidon, Intimate Enemies: Violence and Reconciliation in Peru (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights 2013), pages, ISBN 978-0-8122-4450-2
Journal: Human Rights Quarterly
Volume: 35
Issue: 1
Year: February 2013
Pages: 292-232
ISSN: 0275-0392 - eISSN: 1085-794X
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted Access]

REV: Stranger Intimacy: Contesting Race, Sexuality and the Law in the North American West

Author: Benjamin H. Johnson
Title: Nayan Shah. Stranger Intimacy: Contesting Race, Sexuality and the Law in the North American West. American Crossroads Series. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. xiv + 347 pp. $65.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-520-27085-5; $26.95 (paper), ISBN 978-0-520-27087-9
Discussion List: H-Borderlands
Year: February 2013
Language: English
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

REV: West of Sex: Making Mexican America, 1900-1930

Author: K. Stephen Prince
Title: Pablo Mitchell. West of Sex: Making Mexican America, 1900-1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. xi + 151 pages. $67.50 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-226-53268-4; $22.50 (paper), ISBN 978-0-226-53269-1
Discussion List: H-SHGAPE
Year: February 2013
Language: English
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

CFP: Prison Intimacy

Book: Prison Intimacy
Editors: Don Morton and Greg Thomas
Submission deadline for abstracts: June 15, 2013

Description:
»... In 2012 when same-sex activity is gaining a degree of “positive,” “normativizing,” and “peaceful” affirmation in the mainstream drive for gay and lesbian marriage, it is simultaneously being marked as “coercive,” “savage” and “violent” through the growing attention to institutionalized pedophilia (The Boy Scouts, the Roman Catholic Church, boarding schools) and male “prison rape.” ...
... For a special collection of essays or journal articles (with no necessary anchoring in this or that academic discipline), we invite reasoned historical investigations and critical explanations of same-sex “prison intimacy” ("male" and/or "female"), that is, of the intersections between sexuality, race, gender, class and incarceration.«

Link: CFP website

February 9, 2013

ART: Substance vs. Sideshows in the More Guns, Less Crime Debate: A Comment on Moody, Lott, and Mar

Authors: Abhay Aneja, John J. Donohue III, and Alexandria Zhang
Title: Substance vs. Sideshows in the More Guns, Less Crime Debate
Subtitle: A Comment on Moody, Lott, and Mar
Journal: Econ Journal Watch
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Year: January 2013
Pages: 32-39
ISSN: 1933-527X
Language: English
Full Text: Econ Journal Watch [Free Access]

Abstract: »Our recent work affirms the basic conclusion of the 2005 National Research Council report that there is no credible statistical support for the claim that right-to-carry (RTC) gun laws reduce crime. This paper shows that whether one looks at the Lott and Mustard set of controls using county data or at our preferred set of controls on state data over the 1977-2006 period, the estimated effects of RTC laws are sensitive to the various models and data used, as well as to the choice to include or omit state trends. The strongest, albeit imperfect, statistical evidence suggests that RTC laws increase both gun-related and total aggravated assaults.« [Source: Econ Journal Watch]

ART: Re-Thinking Minnesota's Criminal Justice Response to Sexual Violence Using a Prevention Lens

Authors: Caroline Palmer and Bradley Prowant
Title: Re-Thinking Minnesota's Criminal Justice Response to Sexual Violence Using a Prevention Lens
Subtitle: -
In: Symposium: 50th Anniversary of the Minnesota Criminal Code-Looking Back and Looking Forward
Place: Saint Paul, MN
Publisher: Mitchell Open Access
Year: 2013
Pages: 23pp.
Language: English
Full Text: Mitcell Open Access [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Sexual violence is one of the most difficult issues we face in the human condition. Even with the many strides that have occurred in recent years to support a victim-centered response, survivors who seek help from the legal, medical and mental health systems, among others still “may face disbelief, blame, and refusals of help instead of assistance.” It is a problem that demands a response from all levels of society. And yet this response is lacking.
The key question we as a society confront is what changes will satisfactorily balance justice for victims with offender accountability, attempts at rehabilitation through treatment, and high community expectations about public safety? This article offers background on what the discussion about prevention of sexual violence can look like, a theoretical analysis of the policy conundrum facing our lawmakers and some examples of how prevention and intervention strategies can be put into practice in Minnesota law as advanced through MNCASA’s legislative agenda with the hope that a new direction can be charted toward the best possible public policy response for the state.« [Source: Mitchell Open Access]

WP: The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy

Authors: Abhay Aneja, John J. Donohue III, and Alexandria Zhang
Title: The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report
Subtitle: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy
Place: Cambridge, MA
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Year: August 2012
Pages: 93pp.
Series: NBER Working Paper No. 18294
Language: English
Full Text: National Bureau of Economic Research [Free Access]

Abstract:
»For over a decade, there has been a spirited academic debate over the impact on crime of laws that grant citizens the presumptive right to carry concealed handguns in public – so-called right-to-carry (RTC) laws. In 2005, the National Research Council (NRC) offered a critical evaluation of the “More Guns, Less Crime” hypothesis using county-level crime data for the period 1977-2000. 17 of the 18 NRC panel members essentially concluded that the existing research was inadequate to conclude that RTC laws increased or decreased crime. One member of the panel, though, concluded that the NRC's panel data regressions supported the conclusion that RTC laws decreased murder.
We evaluate the NRC evidence, and improve and expand on the report’s county data analysis by analyzing an additional six years of county data as well as state panel data for the period 1977-2006. We also present evidence using both a more plausible version of the Lott and Mustard specification, as well as our own preferred specification (which, unlike the Lott and Mustard model used in the NRC report, does control for rates of incarceration and police). While we have considerable sympathy with the NRC’s majority view about the difficulty of drawing conclusions from simple panel data models, we disagree with the NRC report’s judgment that cluster adjustments to correct for serial correlation are not needed. Our randomization tests show that without such adjustments the Type 1 error soars to 44 – 75 percent. In addition, the conclusion of the dissenting panel member that RTC laws reduce murder has no statistical support.
Our paper highlights some important questions to consider when using panel data methods to resolve questions of law and policy effectiveness. Although we agree with the NRC’s cautious conclusion regarding the effects of RTC laws, we buttress this conclusion by showing how sensitive the estimated impact of RTC laws is to different data periods, the use of state versus county data, particular specifications, and the decision to control for state trends. Overall, the most consistent, albeit not uniform, finding to emerge from both the state and county panel data models conducted over the entire 1977-2006 period with and without state trends and using three different specifications is that aggravated assault rises when RTC laws are adopted. For every other crime category, there is little or no indication of any consistent RTC impact on crime. It will be worth exploring whether other methodological approaches and/or additional years of data will confirm the results of this panel-data analysis.« [Source: National Bureau of Economic Research]

RADIO: Accused and Exonerated: A Story of Rape

Title: Accused and Exonerated: A Story of Rape
Program: The Story
Channel: American Public Media
Date: February 6, 2013
Duration: 50:10 min.
Language: English

Description: »We hear from Brian Banks, who was falsely accused of rape. It took to years to clear his name. During that time, he lost a shot at college, football and spent five years in prison. We hear about how his accuser finally contacted him on Facebook and acknowledged she had been lying.«

Podcast: The Story

RADIO: India's First Female Police Chief on Rape

Title: India's First Female Police Chief on Rape
Program: The Story
Channel: American Public Media
Date: February 5, 2013
Duration: 50:13 min.
Language: English

Description: »We speak with Dr. Kiran Bedi about how she managed the Indian police when she was in charge, making sure they treated rape cases seriously and properly. She says the case of the young woman who was raped in December and died from her injuries has shaken many in India and she predicts changes across society.«

Podcast: The Story

CFP: Irish women’s writing and experience

Journal: Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Special Editor: Brian F. McCabe
Submission deadline: March 17, 2013

Description: »Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal is seeking articulate and well-reasoned articles exploring any element of Irish women’s writing and experience. Articles from any discipline are welcome and articles embracing a transdisciplinary methodology are of particular interest. As well, book reviews of academic texts, as well as fiction, poetry, and drama are of interest.«

More information: CFP website

CFP: Servant

Conference: 38th Annual Macromarketing Conference
Place: University of York, Toronto, Canada
Date: June 5-7, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts: February 15, 2013

Description:
»Paper track on servants, servitude and the philosophy of service
The study of ‘service’ in marketing has heretofore concentrated on the managerial use of service for profit-maximizing purposes. In this track, we invite philosophical, critical, sociological, ecological, and economic papers on the relation between service and market. We particularly welcome papers that deal with issues in the following areas:
What can philosophy tell us about service? (Marx, Hegel, Agamben, Aquinas)
(Global) slavery in different industry sectors (sex, house-keeping, construction, fashion)
Service-dominant logic, services marketing, Nordic marketing, and critiques thereof
Financial services
Historical/feminist perspectives on servants (the shopgirl, geisha, prostitution)
Internationalization of service training, service scripts, and service-centric culture
Non-human servants from historical or contemporary viewpoints (robotic servants, robotics of«

More information: CFP website

CFP: Roles: A Gender and Sexuality Forum

Conference: Third Annual Gender and Sexuality Postgraduate Research Conference
Place: University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Date: May 10, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts: March 10, 2013

Description: »This one-day interdisciplinary conference offers postgraduates the opportunity to present their research in a friendly and supportive environment. We invite applications for twenty-minute papers from researchers working within the fields of gender and sexuality studies.«

More information: CFP website

February 2, 2013

ART: Gang Rape in Dehli: A Nation in Shame

Author: Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
Title: Gang Rape in Dehli
Subtitle: A Nation in Shame
Journal: American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Year: January 2013
Pages: 1-2
ISSN: 2276–6928
Language: English
Full Text: American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities [Free Access]

ART: A Moral Education: Another Look at Comfort Women

Author: Fides Bernardo A. Bitanga
Title: A Moral Education
Subtitle: Another Look at Comfort Women (A Review)
Journal: AERA Research Journal
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Year: 2013
Pages: 65-73
ISSN: 2094-5337
Language: English
Full Text: Asian Educational Research Association [Free Access]

Abstract: »Although there is the usual reluctance and silence accorded to previous writings on the issue at hand due to various political and cultural pressures, the article, entitled “A Moral Education: Another Look at Comfort Women,” attempts to re-kindle the moral discussion on “comfort women.” This attempt consists of two parts: a presentation of a review and a presentation of a moral challenge. It starts with a review of Yoshiko Nozaki’s paper entitled “Feminism, Nationalism, and the Japanese Textbook Controversy over Comfort Women.” It shows the present situation of the discussion on comfort women in this era and it also shows how far the feminist movement has contributed to the discussion on “comfort women”. From the review, a moral discussion is constructed revolving around the possible role of education in the closure of the issue on “comfort women”. The discussion of this issue following the path of education may be old but the inclusion of the theories of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, Elliot Turiel, and Carol Gilligan may add a new flavor to the discussion. It is in this sense that there is hope that the discussion on the moral dimension of the issue on “comfort women” will revive more debates and post a challenge to contemporary readers.« [Source: AERA Research Journal]

ART: Strategie, Anarchie oder fehlendes internationales Engagement? Zur Logik von einseitiger Gewalt

Authors: Margit Bussmann and Gerald Schneider
Title: Strategie, Anarchie oder fehlendes internationales Engagement?
Subtitle: Zur Logik von einseitiger Gewalt
Journal: Forschung DSF
Volume: -
Issue: 33
Year: 2012
Pages: 39pp.
ISSN: 2193-7931 - eISSN: 2193-794X
Language: German
Full Text: Deutsche Stiftung Friedensforschung [Free Access], Konstanzer Online-Publikations-System [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Besides battle related activities, systematic violence directed against the civilian population belongs to the instruments on which the warring parties rely during a military campaign. This direct form of violence is often used purposefully. The extent of this so-called onesided violence varies strongly among the actors and during a war. The project funded by DSF therefore attempted to explain whether we can trace these differences to developments on the battlefield, organizational attributes of the parties to the conflict, or the lack of adequate international responses. The strategic logic focuses analytically on the distribution of power between the parties involved in a conflict. According to the organizational logic, the occurrence of one-sided violence is related to the internal organizational structure of the conflict parties. The third logic deals with the effects of international actors and their possibilities of keeping the conflict actors from using violence against civilians.
The research team built time-series based upon the Konstanz One-Sided Violence Event Dataset (KOSVED) to account for the dynamics of one-sided violence. This event data set that was collected within this project provides information on the number of civilians who were killed or injured within civil wars. We limit the data collection to direct killings of unarmed civilians through rebel organizations and government actors and thus exclude indirect victims, who died for instance through disease or starvation, and victims who were killed in relation to battle activities. Besides the number of victims we provide in an as detailed as possible way information on the exact timing of the event, the characteristics of the victims and other context related variables. With a content analysis of media reports and a systematic coding of events, we could collect time-series data for 18 civil wars. KOSVED and other data sets provide the basis for our empirical evaluation.
The analysis demonstrates that we can trace the intensity in which this instrument of violence is used only partly to vengeance motivations. While the Serbs relied on one-sided violence for instance after territorial gains, the Ugandan Lord’s Resistance Army, which is militarily not very threatening, frequently relied on it during its long campaign. The project also demonstrates, in contrast to other studies, that organizational hierarchy accounts in some conflicts for many acts of one-sided violence and that these groups rely on incentives and disincentives to induce their soldiers to attack civilians. The harming and killing of civilians often coincide with the negotiations and talks of the perpetrating group with third party actors. The analysis showed conversely that the activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross do not reduce the extent of one-sided violence. Instead, the econometric analysis reveals that the Laws of War propagated by the ICRC are linked to a higher incidence of violence some years after the ratifications of the corresponding norms through which the civilian population shall be protected.« [Source: Forschung DSF]

ART: 'Worse than murder'?: Colonial Queensland's response to the rape of European women by aboriginal men

Author: Geoffrey Genever
Title: 'Worse than murder'?
Subtitle: Colonial Queensland's response to the rape of European women by aboriginal men
Journal: Queensland Review
Volume: 19
Issue: 2
Year: December 2012
Pages: 234-246
ISSN: 1321-8166
Language: English
Full Text: informit [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »During the second half of the nineteenth century, Queensland courts tried, convicted and hanged sixteen men for the crime of rape. Of these, one was Caucasian, three were Pacific Islanders and twelve were Aboriginal. The Indigenous total would have been fourteen but for the fact that two other men convicted and sentenced for this offence evaded the gallows: one died in custody, the other was shot dead while attempting to escape. In each case of execution, the victims were European women or girls.« [Source: Queensland Review]

ART: Somatic Symptoms Among US Adolescent Females: Associations with Sexual and Physical Violence Exposure

Authors: Carolyn Tucker Halpern, Christine M. Tucker, Angela Bengtson, Lawrence L. Kupper, Samuel A. McLean, and Sandra L. Martin
Title: Somatic Symptoms Among US Adolescent Females
Subtitle: Associations with Sexual and Physical Violence Exposure
Journal: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Year: January 23, 2013
Pages: 10pp.
ISSN: 1092-7875 - eISSN: 1573-6628
Language: English
Full Text: SpringerLink [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »The objective of this study is to examine the association between physical and sexual violence exposure and somatic symptoms among female adolescents. We studied a nationally representative sample of 8,531 females, aged 11-21 years, who participated in the 1994-1995 Wave I of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Female adolescents were asked how often they had experienced 16 specific somatic symptoms during the past 12 months. Two summary categorical measures were constructed based on tertiles of the distributions for the entire female sample: (a) total number of different types of symptoms experienced, and (b) number of frequent (once a week or more often) different symptoms experienced. Groups were mutually exclusive. We examined associations between adolescents' violence exposure and somatic symptoms using multinomial logistic regression analyses. About 5 % of adolescent females reported both sexual and non-sexual violence, 3 % reported sexual violence only, 36 % reported non-sexual violence only, and 57 % reported no violence. Adolescents who experienced both sexual and non-sexual violence were the most likely to report many different symptoms and to experience very frequent or chronic symptoms. Likelihood of high symptomatology was next highest among adolescents who experienced sexual violence only, followed by females who experienced non-sexual violence only. Findings support an exposure-response association between violence exposure and somatic symptoms, suggesting that symptoms can be markers of victimization. Treating symptoms alone, without addressing the potential violence experienced, may not adequately improve adolescents' somatic complaints and well-being.« [Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal]

ART: Developing the Common Law and Rewriting the History of Rape in Marriage in Australia: PGA v The Queen

Author: Wendy Larcombe and Mary Heath
Title: Developing the Common Law and Rewriting the History of Rape in Marriage in Australia
Subtitle: PGA v The Queen
Journal: The Sydney Law Review
Volume: 34
Issue: 4
Year: December 2012
Pages: 785-807
ISSN: 0082-0512
Language: English
Full Text: Sidney Law School [Free Access], informit [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »In PGA v The Queen (2012) 245 CLR 355, the High Court was asked to determine whether rape in marriage was an offence under the common law of Australia in 1963. The Court held by majority that there was no 'marital exemption' from prosecution at the relevant time, as the foundation of any such rule was the presumption that wives gave irrevocable consent to intercourse by their husbands. That presumption was found to have 'fallen away' by 1935 as a result of statutory reforms creating access to divorce and property rights for married women. The dissentients considered that the immunity was a settled rule of the common law in 1963 and to restate the law in other terms now would criminalise conduct that was lawful at the time it was committed. This case note argues that the majority judgment fails to engage with this and other important points of principle regarding methods of common law development and its relationship to statutory and extra-judicial sources. Moreover, in finding that the immunity did not form part of the common law from 1935, we suggest this decision implicitly denies the law's part in authorising marital rape for most of the 20th century, effectively rewriting history.« [Source: Sydney Law Review]

ART: Definition of Peace and Reconciliation in China, Japan, and Korea

Authors: Alice Murata, Michelle Murata, Anoushka Shahane, Andrea Jones-Rooy, and Hilary Mi-Sung Kim
Title: Definition of Peace and Reconciliation in China, Japan, and Korea
Subtitle: -
In: International Handbook of Peace and Reconciliation
Edited by: Kathleen Malley-Morrison, Andrea Mercurio, and Gabriel Twose
Place: New York
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2013
Pages: 117-130
ISBN-13: 9781461459323 - eISBN-13: 9781461459330
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

ART: Child Sexual Abuse in the Anglican Church of Australia

Authors: Patrick N. Parkinsona, R. Kim Oatesa, and Amanda A. Jayakody
Title: Child Sexual Abuse in the Anglican Church of Australia
Subtitle: -
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume: 21
Issue: 5
Year: 2012
Pages: 553-570
ISSN: 1053-8712 - eISSN: 1547-0679
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article reports on a retrospective study of cases of child sexual abuse complaints made against clergy, other employed pastoral staff, and volunteers in the Anglican Church of Australia between 1990 and 2008. There were 191 allegations of sexual abuse made by 180 complainants against 135 individuals. Twenty-seven of those 135 had more than one complaint made against them. Three-quarters of all complainants were male. The most likely explanation for the large proportion of abused males is that the church gives many more opportunities for abusers to be alone with boys than with girls. Prevention strategies need to focus on reducing the opportunities for abuse to occur as well strategies concerning the recruitment of professional staff and volunteers.« [Source: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse]

ART: Women under Siege. The Shakespearean Ethics of Violence

Authors: Dana Percec and Andreea Şerban
Title: Women under Siege
Subtitle: The Shakespearean Ethics of Violence
Journal: Gender Studies
Volume: -
Issue: 11
Year: 2012
Pages: 122-140
ISSN: 1583-980X
Language: English
Full Text: CEEOL [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This paper discusses notions of physical violence, domestic violence, and sexual assault and the ways in which these were socially and legally perceived in early modern Europe. Special attention will be paid to a number of Shakespearean plays, such as Titus Andronicus and Edward III, but also to the narrative poem The Rape of Lucrece (whose motifs were later adopted in Cymbeline), where the consumption of the female body as a work of art is combined with verbal and physical abuse.« [Source: Gender Studies]

ART: „Ich war es nicht wert, geliebt zu werden“

Author: Petra Pluwatsch
Title: „Ich war es nicht wert, geliebt zu werden“
Subtitle: -
Journal: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger
Year: January 30, 2013
Pages: 7
Language: German

Abstract: »Wie belastet ist ein Leben, das seinen Ursprung in einer Gewalttat hat? Anita Klaus, Jahrgang 1950, ist das Ergebnis einer Vergewaltigung. Ihre Mutter war 17, als der Nachbar sie schwängerte. Das verhältnis von Mutter und Tochter blieb ein Leben lang belastet.« [Source: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger]

ART: Young People Who Sexually Abuse: A Historical Perspective and Future Directions

Author: Lucinda A. Rasmussen
Title: Young People Who Sexually Abuse
Subtitle: A Historical Perspective and Future Directions
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume: 22
Issue: 1
Year: 2013
Pages: 119-141
ISSN: 1053-8712 - eISSN: 1547-0679
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article presents a historical overview of research on sexually abusive youth. The evolution of the field over the past 30 years is discussed—from the initial development of treatment interventions to contemporary efforts of professionals to move from traditional, adult-oriented interventions toward developmentally sensitive assessment strategies and practice models. Focus is on two critical areas: risk assessment and trauma-informed care. The article reviews contemporary research on risk assessment tools, stressing the need for validated tools that can accurately assess youth and follow changes in risk over time. Etiological models for understanding effects of trauma (Trauma Outcome Process Assessment and Family Lovemap) are presented. Discussed are new ecologically based therapy models for working with sexually abusive youth that approach the youth holistically and are attuned to youths' needs, including providing interventions to address effects of past trauma.« [Source: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse]

ART: Sexual Violence Perpetrated against Women in War

Author: Bridget Varrasso
Title: Sexual Violence Perpetrated against Women in War
Subtitle: -
Journal: Perspective. UN Youth Australia's Journal of Youth Opinion
Volume: 6
Issue: -
Year: May 2012
Pages: 46-51
ISSN: 1835-5285
Language: English
Full Text: UN Youth Australia [Free Access], informit [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Sexual violence perpetrated against women1 in combat is used as a weapon of war; utilised to destroy the perceived enemy through attack on its women and to advance the war campaign of its perpetrators. Sexual assault in conflict is not the indiscriminate act of individuals, but a determined strategy conducted systematically in combat by militia - rebel groups - employed by governments and carried out by its soldiers. Mass rape of civilians featured as a tactic in the Croatia and Bosnia- Herzegovina conflict where 60,000 cases of war-related rape have been documented, in Sierra Lione where between 50,000 and 64,000 women were sexually victimized during the protracted armed conflict, and in Rwanda where up to half a million women were raped in the 1994 genocide. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, otherwise known as the "rape capital of the world", vaginal destruction has been recognised as a common injury sustained by women. Each of these serves as an example of the notorious use of sexual violence against women in conflict.« [Source: Perspective]

ART: Women, PMSCs and International Law

Author: A[na] F[ilipa] Vrdoljak
Title: Women, PMSCs and International Law
Subtitle: -
In: Gender and Private Force in Global Politics
Edited by: M. Eichler
Place: Oxford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2013
Pages:
ISBN:
Language: English
Full Text: SelectedWorks [Free Access]

Abstract:
»It is deeply ironic that as the implementation and enforcement of international humanitarian law and human rights law has been strengthened, in the last decades, through the establishment of individual complaint procedures, specialist tribunal and courts covering breaches of human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law, there has been an erosion of these principles and protections through the privatisation of governmental and intergovernmental functions. Despite an exponential increase in the contracting out of these activities to PMSCs since 2001, the legal regulation of these companies and their personnel has been slow and fragmented.
The failure of the law and regulators to adequately keep up with the rapid expansion and diversification in the use of PMSCs has had a significant impact for victims of human rights violations perpetrated by PMSCs and their employees generally, and for women and girls in particular. To explore these developments, this chapter is divided into two parts. Part One focuses on current initiatives at the international level to provide a regulatory framework for PMSCs and which encompass the obligations of states (and international organisations) in respect of international humanitarian law, human rights law and use of force. Part Two outlines the influence of civil society participation (including feminist academics, women’s NGOs and so forth) in breaking the ‘silence’ within international organisations and international law concerning violence against women and girls and its potential influence upon the regulation of PMSCs. Both parts serve to highlight evolving notions of force and violence, accountability and enforcement, and access to justice and reparations within international law today.« [Source: SelectedWorks]

BOOK: City Women: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London

Author: Eleanor Hubbard
Title: City Women
Subtitle: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London
Place: Oxford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2012
Pages: 336pp.
Language: English

BOOK: East Asia Beyond the History Wars. Confronting the Ghosts of Violence

Authors: Tessa Morris-Suzuki, Morris Low, Leonid Petrov, and Timothy Y. Tsu
Title: East Asia Beyond the History Wars
Subtitle: Confronting the Ghosts of Violence
Place: London
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 208pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Rape: Weapon of War and Genocide

Editors: Carol Rittner and John K. Roth
Title: Rape
Subtitle: Weapon of War and Genocide
Place: St. Paul, MN
Publisher: Paragon House
Year: 2012
Pages: 308pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Sex and Sexuality in Classical Athens

Author: James Robson
Title: Sex and Sexuality in Classical Athens
Subtitle: -
Place: Edinburgh
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Year: October 2013
Pages: 224pp.
Language: English

THESIS: Verliebt – Verführt – Verstoßen: Das Motiv der Verführung in ausgewählten polnischen und englischen Texten des 19. Jahrhunderts

Author: Ruth Abfalterer
Title: Verliebt – Verführt – Verstoßen
Subtitle: Das Motiv der Verführung in ausgewählten polnischen und englischen Texten des 19. Jahrhunderts
Thesis: Diplomarbeit, Universität Wien
Year: 2012
Pages: 176pp.
Language: German
Full Text: Universität Wien [Free Access]

Abstract: »This thesis investigates the use of the motif of seduction in three Polish texts (i.e. J.I. Kraszewski's Ulana und Budnik und W. Wolskis Halka) and one English text (i.e. T.Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles). This includes the discussion and comparison of several aspects.« [Source: Universität Wien]

THESIS: The Invisible Victims of Sexual Violence: A Qualitative Analysis of Male Rape in the Congolese Conflict

Author: Salome Blum
Title: The Invisible Victims of Sexual Violence
Subtitle: A Qualitative Analysis of Male Rape in the Congolese Conflict
Thesis: University of Oslo
Year: 2012
Pages:
Language: English
Full Text: Digitale utgivelser ved UiO [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Sexual violence against men is a reality. What happens to women and children during wartime also happens to men: perhaps less often, probably more brutal, but definitely less visible than sexual violence committed against women. This thesis analyses the reasons and effects of sexual violence against men in the DRC conflict. Based on 27 interviews with both male survivors and experts conducted in Uganda, the thesis concludes that sexual violence against men is perpetrated for the same reasons as sexual violence against women, but entails different consequences for the survivors. The findings suggest that sexual violence has even stronger negative effects, where hegemonic masculinity is prevalent, gender relations are unequal, and male victims are in the aftermath socially, culturally, psychologically, and physically impaired to reach the masculine ideal.« [Source: Digitale utgivelser ved UiO]

THESIS: Sex and violence: the meanings and gendering of sex acts in the treatment groups for intimately violent heterosexual men

Author: Maria Sundqvist
Title: Sex and violence
Subtitle: The meanings and gendering of sex acts in the treatment groups for intimately violent heterosexual men
Thesis: Master Thesis, University of Jyväskylä
Year: 2012
Pages: 34pp.
Language: English
Full Text: Jyväskylä University Digital Archive [Free Access]

Abstract:
»This study aims to find out how men who are violent towards their intimate partner perceive sex acts in the context of heterosexual, monogamous relationships. The meanings of sex, the separation or connecting of sex and violence and the ways of gendering in the therapy group were studied. This study is placed in the theoretical framework of postmodern feminism regarding the understanding of gender and sexuality. The data were analyzed by using critical discourse analysis and feminist reading.
The data consisted of eight treatment groups for men violent towards their intimate partners from 1996 to 2000. The sessions of the therapy groups were previously transcribed and 18 sessions from the eight groups constituted the data for analyzing. There were a total of 53 men in these groups. These therapy groups in Jyväskylä are a part of Finnish prevention and treatment program of violence. The Jyväskylä program is carried out as a collaboration between crisis center Mobile and the Jyväskylä University Psychotherapy Training and Research Centre.
The talk of sex acts in the context of intimate relationships were gendered throughout the data. The sexual and intimate partner was always defined as female either directly or indirectly. Sex acts were perceived as expressions of love and intimacy in the context of a relationship. In these cases the men also often described an ideal relationship where the woman was seen as a partner or a companion. The men also connected sex acts to the meanings of power and self-determination in the relationship context. In those discussions the men stated how a woman has the right to say no and has self-determination. Then again, refusing sexual relations was also seen as a way for a woman to use power over a man. Even though all the participants in the treatment groups have acted physically violent towards their spouses, sexual violence, mainly understood as rape, was clearly condemned. The meaning of rape charges was different in the data when they were directed to the man himself. In that case women were seen as wrongfully exploiting the legal system.
In therapeutic work, it is important to notice how the notions of sexuality and gender affect the understanding of what violence is. Considering intimate partner violence, it is necessary to identify what kind of meanings sex acts have in a relationship and in what ways they are gendered. This is important for recognizing sexual violence and also for recognizing what aspects of the relationship support the positive change during treatment.« [Source: Thesis]

WP: Alcohol Consumption, Deterrence and Crime in New York City

Authors: Hope Corman and Naci H. Mocan
Title: Alcohol Consumption, Deterrence and Crime in New York City
Subtitle: -
Place: Cambridge, MA
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research
Year: January 2013
Pages: 38pp.
Series: NBER Working Paper No. 18731
Language: English
Full Text: National Bureau of Economic Research [Free Access]

Abstract: »This paper investigates the relationship between alcohol consumption, deterrence, and crime for New York City. We examine high-frequency time-series data from 1983 to 2001 for one specific location to examine the impacts of variations in both alcohol consumption and deterrence on seven “index” crimes. We tackle the endogeneity of arrests and the police force by exploiting the temporal independence of crime and deterrence in these high-frequency data, and we address the endogeneity of alcohol by using instrumental variables where alcohol sales are instrumented with city and state alcohol taxes and minimum drinking age. We find that alcohol consumption is positively related to assault, rape, and larceny crimes but not murder, robbery, burglary, or motor vehicle theft. We find strong deterrence for all crimes except assault and rape. Generally, deterrence effects are stronger than alcohol effects.« [Source: National Bureau of Economic Research]

REV: Gender, shame and sexual violence: The voices of witnesses and court members at war crimes tribunals

Author: Tina Dolgopol
Title: Gender, shame and sexual violence: The voices of witnesses and court members at war crimes tribunals, by Sara Sharratt (Farnham, UK, Ashgate, 2011) 196 pages, Price 55.00 pounds (hardcover) ISBN 9781409419990
Journal: Melbourne Journal of International Law
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Year: November 2012
Pages: 879-889
ISSN: 1444-8602
Language: English
Full Text: informit [Restricted Access]

REV: Rape: Weapon of War and Genocide

Author: Mary Maudsley
Title: Rape: Weapon of War and Genocide. Edited by Carol Rittner and John K. Roth. St. Paul, MN: Paragon House, 2012. 263 pp. $21.95, softcover
Journal: American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy
Volume: 35
Issue: 1
Year: 2013
Pages: 60-61
ISSN: 1080-3920 - eISSN: 1533-2128
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

REV: City Women: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London

Author: Tim Stretton
Title: Eleanor Hubbard. City Women: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. 297 pp. $125.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-19-960934-5
Discussion List: H-Albion
Year: January 2013
Language: English
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

RADIO: DRC Rape Doctor Attack

Title: DRC Rape Doctor Attack
Program: Outlook
Channel: BBC World Service
Date: January 28, 2013
Duration: 27:00 min.
Language: English

Description: »In this episode Matthew Bannister meets Dr Denis Mukwege the gynaecologist who's helped thousands of rape victims in the DRC. In October 2012 the doctor was attacked by gunmen as he came home from work. He took his wife and two daughters and fled to Sweden. When he recently returned to the DRC, he was given a rapturous reception.«

Podcast: BBC

RADIO: Mea Maxima Culpa: Abuse and the Catholic Church

Title: Mea Maxima Culpa: Abuse and the Catholic Church
Program: Leonard Lopate Show
Channel: WNYC
Date: January 31, 2013
Duration: 16:51 min.
Language: English

Description: »Oscar-winning filmmaker Alex Gibney talks about his documentary “Mea Maxima Culpa,” which exposes the abuse of power in the Catholic Church and a cover-up of child abuse from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to through Ireland's churches to the highest office of the Vatican. The film examines the international and systematic conspiracy of silence of victims worldwide. “Mea Maxima Culpa” airs on HBO February 4, at 9 pm.«

Podcast: WNYC

RADIO: Sexual Assault

Title: Sexual Assault
Program: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
Channel: KUAR
Date: January 27, 2013 (rebroadcast)
Duration: 53:04 min.
Language: English

Description: »3 Generational perspectives and experiences from assault«

Podcast: KUAR

TV: Mea Maxima Culpa: Silence In The House of God

Title: Mea Maxima Culpa: Silence In The House of God
Channel: HBO
Date: February 4, 2013
Duration:
Language: English

Description: »MEA MAXIMA CULPA: SILENCE IN THE HOUSE OF GOD investigates the secret crimes of Father Lawrence Murphy, a charismatic Milwaukee priest who abused more than 200 Deaf children in a school under his control. The film documents the first known public protest against clerical sex abuse in the U.S., which led to a case that spanned three decades and ultimately resulted in a lawsuit against the pontiff himself. The investigation helped uncover documents from the secret Vatican archives that show the Pope, who must operate within the mysterious rules of the Roman Curia, as both responsible and helpless in the face of evil.«

Link: HBO

WEBSITE: Clergy Files Produced by Archdiocese of Los Angeles

Description:
»The 2013 public release of the files of clergy who were subject of the 2007 global settlement, concludes a sad and shameful chapter in the history of our Local Church. In the 2004 Report to the People of God and elsewhere, the Archdiocese acknowledged and apologized for failing to treat victims of abuse with compassion, as well as for employing what we now know to be inadequate standards for treatment and supervision of priests who were found to have abused children and young people.
The 2004 Report to the People of God provided a framework for understanding how the Archdiocese dealt with allegations of clergy sexual abuse over several decades. It also included the names of priests publicly accused of abuse, as well as those who were found to have committed abuse. Though the additional information provided with the release of the personnel files fits within the overall framework of the 2004 Report, and are themselves frequently decades-old, many will find the specific details contained within them to be troubling and upsetting.
While the files being produced have the names of persons who experienced abuse and third parties redacted and obscured, some may recognize their stories in the letters and memos in these files. We understand that this experience may be a difficult one. Through years of outreach to persons who experienced abuse, we have learned that feelings and reactions to these stories vary according to the individual. Please be assured that the Office of Victims Assistance Ministry is available to help.«

Link: Archdiocese of Los Angeles

WEBSITE: Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests

Description: »SNAP, the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (www.survivorsnetwork.org) is a self-help group that supports people who have been victimized by clergy, and helps them try to pick up the pieces of their lives, heal and move forward. We also try to cooperate with the news media and provide reliable information when we can, as a way to help ourselves recover and prevent future abuse.«

Link: Snapnetwork.org

CFP: Pleasure, Pain & Perversion: Embodied Violence & Eroticism in Cultural Representations

Conference: Fifth Annual Cultural Studies Graduate Student Conference and Workshop at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Place: Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Date: April 12-13, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts: February 14, 2013

Description: »“Embodied Violence & Eroticism” asks us to explore this site in the various ways the body acts and is acted upon, demanding that we go beyond mere linear abstractions of ideology and look at how these ideologies converge upon the individual. Power relations use eroticism and violence as discourse to highlight the dichotomies between masculine and feminine, public and private spheres, colonizer and colonized, the body’s function and representation, and other binary relations. The complexity of erotic discourses lies in the manifold ways in which they encapsulate and transport desires, thereby blurring the boundaries between the acknowledgement of the self and the acknowledgement of the self’s desire.«

More information: CFP website

CFP: Violent German Women - Rebels, Revolutionaries, Perpetrators, Abusive Mothers and Violent Lovers

Conference: Coalition of Women in German panel at the Thirty-Seventh Annual German Studies Association Conference
Place: Denver, Colorado, United States
Date: October 3-6, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts: February 15, 2013

Description: »We invite papers that critically examine the portrayal of violent German women and what motivates their actions. Is violence a uniquely gendered act? Have women become more violent? We are particularly interested in a genealogy or trajectory, and the aesthicization of feminine violence.«

More information: H-Net Announcements

CFP: Disrobing the Law in American Culture

Conference: Disrobing the Law in American Culture: A Graduate Conference
Place: Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Date: April 26-27, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts: March 11, 2013

Description: »This conference, sponsored by the Program in American Studies at Princeton University, will focus on interdisciplinary questions of being beyond the law – of how people across time and space have managed to detach themselves from legal fabrics. It will examine how law accounts for specific bodies and behaviors, and how those bodies and behaviors can render themselves invisible to legal hermeneutics. We want to bring together scholars from a variety of fields to explore the disjunction between law and social practice. This conference asks how much the law really matters. It questions its historical efficacy and, at the same time, notes just how far reaching the law can be. «

More information: CFP website

CFP: Vulnerable Victorians: Identity and “Deviance”

Conference: 129th MLA Annual Convention
Place: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Date: January 9-14, 2014
Submission deadline for abstracts: March 15, 2013

Description: »We seek papers that explore boundaries of normative behavior and “moral disability” in Victorian Britain: identity, deviance and the vulnerable personhood of women, homosexuals, the disabled.«

More information: CFP website