Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

March 30, 2013

ART: Forced and Forbidden Sex: Rape and Sexual Freedom in Dictatorial Guatemala

Author: David Carey Jr.
Title: Forced and Forbidden Sex
Subtitle: Rape and Sexual Freedom in Dictatorial Guatemala
Journal: The Americas
Volume: 69
Issue: 3
Year: January 2013
Pages: 357-389
ISSN: 0003-1615 - eISSN: 1533-6247
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted Access]

ART: The Master

Author: Marc Fisher
Title: The Master
Subtitle: -
Journal: The New Yorker
Volume:
Issue:
Year: April 1, 2013
Pages:
ISSN: 0028-792X
Language: English
Full Text: The New Yorker [Free Access]

ART: Rwanda -- lasting imprints of a genocide: trauma, mental health and psychosocial conditions in survivors, former prisoners and their children

Authors: Heide Rieder and Thomas Elbert
Title: Rwanda -- lasting imprints of a genocide
Subtitle: Trauma, mental health and psychosocial conditions in survivors, former prisoners and their children
Journal: Conflict and Health
Volume: 7
Issue: Article No. 6
Year: March 26, 2013
Pages: -
ISSN: 1752-1505
Language: English
Full Text: Conflict and Health [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Background
The 1994 genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda left about one million people dead in a period of only three months. The present study aimed to examine the level of trauma exposure, psychopathology, and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in survivors and former prisoners accused of participation in the genocide as well as in their respective descendants.
Methods
A community-based survey was conducted in four sectors of the Muhanga district in the Southern Province of Rwanda from May to July 2010. Genocide survivors (n = 90), former prisoners (n = 83) and their respective descendants were interviewed by trained local psychologists. The PTSD Symptom Scale Interview (PSS-I) was used to assess PTSD, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25) to assess symptoms of depression and anxiety and the relevant section of the M.I.N.I. to assess the risk for suicidality.
Results
Survivors reported that they had experienced on average twelve different traumatic event types in comparison to ten different types of traumatic stressors in the group of former prisoners. According to the PSS-I, the worst events reported by survivors were mainly linked to witnessing violence throughout the period of the genocide, whereas former prisoners emphasized being physically attacked, referring to their time spent in refugee camps or to their imprisonment. In the parent generation, when compared to former prisoners, survivors indicated being more affected by depressive symptoms (M = 20.7 (SD = 7.8) versus M = 19.0 (SD = 6.4), U = 2993, p < .05) and anxiety symptoms (M = 17.2 (SD = 7.6) versus M = 15.4 (SD = 7.8), U = 2951, p < .05) but not with regard to the PTSD diagnosis (25% versus 22%, chi2(1,171) = .182, p = .669).
A regression analysis of the data of the parent generation revealed that the exposure to traumatic stressors, the level of physical illness and the level of social integration were predictors for the symptom severity of PTSD, whereas economic status, age and gender were not. Descendants of genocide survivors presented with more symptoms than descendants of former prisoners with regard to all assessed mental disorders.
Conclusions
Our study demonstrated particular long-term consequences of massive organized violence, such as war and genocide, on mental health and psychosocial conditions. Differences between families of survivors and families of former prisoners accused for participation in the Rwandan genocide are reflected in the mental health of the next generation.« [Source: Conflict and Health]

PUB: The rape and sexual assault of men – a review of the literature

Authors: Nina Burrowes and Tessa Horvath
Title: The rape and sexual assault of men
Subtitle: A review of the literature
Place: London
Publisher: NB Research
Year: January 2013
Pages: 62pp.
Language: English
Full Text: NB Research [Free Access]

REZ: Hearts of Pine: Songs in the Lives of Three Korean Survivors of the Japanese “Comfort Women”

Author: Joy S. Kim
Title: Hearts of Pine: Songs in the Lives of Three Korean Survivors of the Japanese “Comfort Women.” By Joshua D. Pilzer . New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. xv, 191 pp. $99.00 (cloth); $24.95 (paper)
Journal: The Journal of Asian Studies
Volume: 72
Issue: 1
Year: February 2013
Pages: 217-218
ISSN: 0021-9118 - eEISSN: 1752-0401
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

RADIO: Is rape worse than other crime?

Title: Is rape worse than other crime?
Program: Michael Sandel: The Public Philosopher
Channel: BBC Radio 4
Date: March 26, 2013
Language: English
Duration: 38:30 min.

Description: »Is rape worse than other forms of violent assault? Michael Sandel, BBC Radio 4's Public Philosopher, is in India to discuss this question at the Jaipur Literature Festival.«

Podcast: BBC

RADIO: Katholisch erzogen und im Internat missbraucht

Title: Katholisch erzogen und im Internat missbraucht
Program: Lebenszeichen
Channel: WDR 3 / WDR 5
Date: March 24, 2013
Language: German
Duration: 29:25 min.

Description:
»Sexuell missbraucht worden zu sein - das bedeutet für die Opfer Depressionen, Suizidversuche, Aufenthalte in psychiatrischen Kliniken und teure Psychotherapie. Ein "Lebenszeichen" über Opfer sexualisierter Gewalt und ihr Verhältnis zu Kirche und Glauben.
Opfer sexueller Gewalt eines Geistlichen zu sein, das bedeutet darüber hinaus auch, spirituell und religiös orientierungslos zu werden. Die Zöglinge in katholischen Internaten kamen aus sehr religiösen Familien und hatten vielfach selbst den Wunsch, Priester zu werden. Ihre Missbraucher hatten sich als von Gott Berufene bezeichnet.
Doch sie prügelten, demütigten und zerstörten das Selbstbewusstsein ihrer Opfer, erwarteten gleichzeitig, dass diese ihren Missbrauch als Form der Zuwendung und Liebe empfinden sollten. Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Missbrauch ist für die Opfer zugleich eine Auseinandersetzung mit der Institution, in dem dieser Missbrauch stattfand, und mit der Weltanschauung, auf die sich diese Institution stützt.«

Podcast: WDR 3 and WDR 5

RADIO: "The Master": Sexual Abuse Allegations at Horace Mann

Title: "The Master": Sexual Abuse Allegations at Horace Mann
Program: Leonard Lopate Show
Channel: WNYC
Date: March 26, 2013
Language: English
Duration: 35:07 min.

Description: »Marc Fisher discusses allegations of sexual abuse at Horace Mann, an elite prep school in the Bronx. Fisher went to high school at Horace Mann in the 1970s, and he investigates the teachers allegedly involved and how the school’s alumni continue to wrestle with questions of how sexual abuse was allowed this to occur and what, exactly, they knew when they were in school. His article "The Master" appears in the April 1 issue of The New Yorker.«

Podcast: WNYC

March 23, 2013

ART: Situating Sexual Violence in Rwanda (1990–2001): Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, and the Political Economy of War

Author: Jennie E. Burnet
Title: Situating Sexual Violence in Rwanda (1990–2001)
Subtitle: Sexual Agency, Sexual Consent, and the Political Economy of War
Journal African Studies Review
Volume: 55
Issue: 2
Year: September 2012
Pages: 97-118
ISSN: 0002-0206 - eISSN: 1555-2462
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article situates the sexual violence associated with the Rwandan civil war and 1994 genocide within a local cultural history and political economy in which institutionalized gender violence shaped the choices of Rwandan women and girls. Based on ethnographic research, it argues that Western notions of sexual consent are not applicable to a culture in which colonialism, government policy, war, and scarcity of resources have limited women’s access to land ownership, economic security, and other means of survival. It examines emic cultural models of sexual consent and female sexual agency and proposes that sexual slavery, forced marriage, prostitution, transactional sex, nonmarital sex, informal marriage or cohabitation, and customary (bridewealth) marriages exist on a continuum on which female sexual agency becomes more and more constrained by material circumstance. Even when women’s choices are limited, women still exercise their agency to survive. Conflating all forms of sex in conflict zones under the rubric of harm undermines women’s and children’s rights because it reinforces gendered hierarchies and diverts attention from the structural conditions of poverty in postconflict societies.« [Source: African Studies Review]

ART: Sexual Violence or Rape as a Constituent Act of Genocide: Lessons from the Ad Hoc Tribunals and a Prescription for the International Criminal Court

Author: Shayna Rogers
Title: Sexual Violence or Rape as a Constituent Act of Genocide
Subtitle: Lessons from the Ad Hoc Tribunals and a Prescription for the International Criminal Court
Year: 2013
Language: English
Full Text: SelectedWorks [Free Access]

Abstract: »The International Criminal Court (ICC) recently handed down its first indictment for sexual violence committed in furtherance of the crime of genocide. Although the ICC has no experience prosecuting sexual violence as genocide under the Rome Statute, such prosecutions are not without precedent: the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) offer guidance. This Note evaluates the jurisprudence of the ICTR and ICTY, and uses this case law to formulate a prescription for future prosecutions at the ICC. This Note concludes that an amendment to the Rome Statute, specifically enumerating sexual violence as a constituent act of genocide, offers the best means of ensuring continued prosecution of genocidal sexual violence under international law.« [Source: SelectedWorks]

ART: Multiple perpetrator rape during war

Author: Elisabeth J. Wood
Title: Multiple perpetrator rape during war
Subtitle: -
In: Handbook on the Study of Multiple Perpetrator Rape: A multidisciplinary response to an international problem
Edited by: Miranda A.H. Horvath and Jessica Woodhams
Place: New York
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 132-159
Series: Issues in Forensic Psychology
ISBN-13: 9780415500449 (hbk.), 9780203083406 (pbk.)
Languge: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

ART: The New Sexual Violence Legislation in the Congo: Dressing Indelible Scars on Human Dignity

Author: Dunia Prince Zongwe
Title: The New Sexual Violence Legislation in the Congo
Subtitle: Dressing Indelible Scars on Human Dignity
Journal African Studies Review
Volume: 55
Issue: 2
Year: September 2012
Pages: 37-57
ISSN: 0002-0206 - eISSN: 1555-2462
Language: English
Full Text: Project MUSE [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article describes a legal thread running from the commission of massive sexual violence in the eastern provinces of the Congo since 1996 to the enactment of liberal legislation in 2006 to combat sexual violence throughout the country, especially in eastern Congo. In doing so, the article fills a gap in the nascent legal literature on systematic sexual violence. It finds that the new rape law is progressive, liberal, gender-neutral, and in keeping with international law. However, an unfortunate lapse in legislative drafting puts in doubt the authority of the courts to use the new rape law to prosecute systematic sexual violence. Despite this weakness, as well as harsh realities such as resource limitations and institutionalized corruption, the new sexual violence law, “the law of shameful acts,” nonetheless provides a framework on the basis of which the state and rape survivors can prosecute perpetrators. It is a necessary step in upholding accountability and preparing for the more daunting task of healing communities affected by a devastating regional war.« [Source: African Studies Review]

REV: Hearts of Pine: Songs in the Lives of Three Korean Survivors of the Japanese “Comfort Women”

Author: Keith Howard
Title: Joshua D. Pilzer: Hearts of Pine: Songs in the Lives of Three Korean Survivors of the Japanese “Comfort Women”. xix, 191 pp. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978 0 19 975957 6.
Journal: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
Volume: 76
Issue: 1
Year: February 2013
Pages: 182-84
ISSN: 0041-977X - eISSN: 1474-0699
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

CFP: Interpersonal Violence Interventions - Social and Cultural Perspectives

Conference: Interpersonal Violence Interventions - Social and Cultural Perspectives
Place: University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Date: August 28-30, 2013
Submission deadline for proposals: April 15, 2013

Description: »How has violence been understood in different ages and cultures? How is it defined today? Conference’s aim is to bring together experts on interpersonal violence in the fields of social and legal studies, history, cultural research, psychology and health care or from any relevant discipline.«

More information: University of Jyväskylä

CFP: Lessons of War: Gender History and the Second World War

Conference: Lessons of War: Gender History and the Second World War
Place: Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Date: September 12-13, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts or panel proposals: May 3, 2013

Description: »The forthcoming seventieth anniversary of the conclusion of the Second World War offers an invitation to gender historians to consider how their approaches to the history of the War have introduced, contributed to, and reshaped understandings of the significance of the War and its impact across space and time, on men and women.«

More information: Lancaster University

March 16, 2013

Art: Between Global Fears and Local Bodies: Toward a Transnational Feminist Analysis of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence

Authors: Susan Dewey and Tonia St. Germain
Title: Between Global Fears and Local Bodies
Subtitle: Toward a Transnational Feminist Analysis of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence
Journal: Journal of International Women's Studies
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Year: August 2012
Pages: 49-64
ISSN: 1539-8706
Language: English
Full Text: Bridgewater State University Virtual Commons [Free Access]

Abstract: »Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) knows no borders. The twentieth and twenty-first centuries have witnessed historically unprecedented levels of violence against non-combatants as well as a concomitant rise in international and local efforts to assist survivors of conflict-related sexual violence. Yet the diversity of cultural contexts in which SGBV occurs challenges us to ask a timely question: what might a transnational feminist analysis of conflict-related sexual violence look like? This is particularly salient because feminist scholar-activists increasingly help shape policy designed to both address sexual violence as a weapon or by-product of war and services to assist its survivors. This article addresses the rise of global and local initiatives and institutions that rely upon the relatively recent emergence of concretized “best practices” recommended as global solutions to what are inevitably local problems. This article demonstrates how such global solutions are recommended for what are inevitably local problems and exemplifies how best practices are couched in human rights discourses that are presumed universally relevant despite their almost exclusive origination and dissemination by individuals in a privileged position vis-à-vis the intended beneficiaries of such discourse’s practice. After analyzing the ethical concerns raised by this reality, this article proposes using non-hegemonic feminist models to develop new strategies for respecting both cultural diversity and the humanitarian responsibility to protect individuals from conflict-related sexual violence.« [Source: Journal of International Women's Studies]

ART: "Comfort women" and Japan's national responsibility. A case study in reconciling feminism and nationalism

Author: Ranjoo Seodu Herr
Title: "Comfort women" and Japan's national responsibility
Subtitle: A case study in reconciling feminism and nationalism
In: Inherited Responsibility and Historical Reconciliation in East Asia
Edited by: Jun-Hyeok Kwak and Melissa Nobles
Place: New York
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 145-164
Series: Political Theories in East Asian Context
ISBN-13: 9780415535694 (hbk.) - eISBN-13: 9780203597750
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

ART: An appraisal of Rwanda’s response to survivors who experienced sexual violence in 1994

Author: Chitra Nagarajan
Title: An appraisal of Rwanda’s response to survivors who experienced sexual violence in 1994
Subtitle: -
Journal: Wagadu. A journal of transnational Women's and Gender studies
Volume: 10
Issue: -
Year: 2012
Pages: 108-131
ISSN: 1545-6196
Language: English
Full Text: SUNY Cortland Open Journal System [Free Access]

Abstract: »Despite commitment to the rights of women and recognition of the prevalence of rape during the genocide, the Rwandan government has been slow to offer legal redress and medical treatment. The government is prioritizing the construction of a sense of nationhood and continuation of its own power over the needs of survivors. The result is that many women are slowly dying without reparation, healthcare, counseling or seeing perpetrators brought to justice.« [Source: Wagadu]

ART: Statutory Rape Prosecutions in California

Author: Mary E. Odem
Title: Statutory Rape Prosecutions in California
Subtitle: -
In: The Global History of Childhood Reader
Edited by: Heidi Morrison
Place: New York
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2012
Pages: 451-464
Series: Routledge Readers in History
ISBN-13: 9780415782487 (hbk.), 9780415782494 (pbk.)
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

ART: “A most detestable crime”. Representations of Rape in the Popular Press of Early Modern England

Author: Donatella Pallotti
Title: “A most detestable crime”
Subtitle: Representations of Rape in the Popular Press of Early Modern England
Journal: LEA - Lingue e letterature d'Oriente e d'Occidente
Volume: 1
Issue: -
Year: 2012
Pages: 287-302
ISSN: 1824-484X
Language: English
Full Text: Firenze University Press [Free Access]

Abstract: »In early modern England the legal definition of rape underwent an important revision and gradually, from crime against property, rape became a crime against the person. While reflecting the classical, medieval and biblical assumptions, the period brought about new concerns. The purpose of this article is to explore representations of rape in a variety of popular texts of the English early modern period, by focussing attention on broadside ballads, cheap pamphlets as well as accounts of trials that took place at the Old Bailey. These texts constitute valuable sources of information about people’s attitudes and beliefs and help us construct the views of rape circulating in early modern English culture.« [Source: LEA]

ART: Living in the Shadows of Past Atrocities: War Babies of Bosnia

Author: Lina Strupinskiene
Title: Living in the Shadows of Past Atrocities
Subtitle: War Babies of Bosnia
Journal: Wagadu. A journal of transnational Women's and Gender studies
Volume: 10
Issue: -
Year: 2012
Pages: 55-71
ISSN: 1545-6196
Language: English
Full Text: SUNY Cortland Open Journal System [Free Access]

Abstract: »Despite the recent attention to gender based violence in conflict settings there is still very little known about children born as a result of war time rape. This paper explicates the topic using fieldwork conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina.« [Source: Wagadu]

BOOK: Genocide Lives in Us: Women, Memory, and Silence in Rwanda

Author: Jennie E. Burnet
Title: Genocide Lives in Us
Subtitle: Women, Memory, and Silence in Rwanda
Place: Madison, Wisconsin
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Year: 2012
Pages: 304pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Looting and Rape in Wartime. Law and Change in International Relations

Author: Tuba Inal
Title: Looting and Rape in Wartime
Subtitle: Law and Change in International Relations
Place: Philadelphia, PA
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Year: 2013
Pages: 296pp.
Language: English

BOOK: Die Zeit des Schweigens ist vorbei

Author: Mandy Kopp
Title: Die Zeit des Schweigens ist vorbei
Subtitle: -
Place: Berlin
Publisher: Marion von Schröder
Year: 2013
Pages: 272pp.
Language: German

BOOK: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung

Author: Francisca Loetz
Title: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850
Subtitle: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung
Place: Frankfurt/Main
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Year: 2012
Pages: 249pp.
Language: English

REPORT: Grenzverletzungen im AKO Pro Scouting am Aloisiuskolleg Bonn – Bad Godesberg

Author: Arnfried Bintig
Title: Grenzverletzungen im AKO Pro Scouting am Aloisiuskolleg Bonn – Bad Godesberg
Subtitle: -
Place: Bonn
Publisher: Aloisiuskolleg Bonn
Year: March 2013
Pages: 137pp.
Language: German
Full Text: Aloisiuskolleg [Free Access]

REV: Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles. Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America

Author: Hadar Aviram
Title: Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles: Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America. By Chrysanthi Leon. New York: New York University Press, 2011. 444 pp. $70.00 cloth, $23.00 paper
Journal: Law & Society Review
Volume: 46
Issue: 4
Year: December 2012
Pages: 931-934
ISSN: 0023-9216 - eISSN: 1540-5893
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Restricted Access]

REV: Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles. Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America

Author: Hennie Weiss
Title: Review - Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles. Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America, by Chrysanthi S. Leon, NYU Press, 2011
Journal: Metapsychology Online Reviews
Volume: 16
Issue: 33
Year: August 14, 2012
Pages: -
Language: English
Full Text: Metapsychology Online Reviews [Free Access]

REV: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung

Author: Kerstin Bischl
Title: Francisca Loetz. Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag, 2012. 249 S. ISBN 978-3-593-39720-7.
Discussion List: H-Soz-u-Kult
Year: March 2013
Language: German
Full Text: H-Net [Free Access]

REV: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung

Author: Thorsten Benkel
Title: Francisca Loetz: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500-1850. Campus Verlag (Frankfurt) 2012. 350 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-593-39720-7
Journal: socialnet Rezensionen
Year: December 27, 2012
Language: German
Full Text: socialnet Rezensionen [Free Access]

REV: Sexualisierte Gewalt 1500–1850: Plädoyer für eine historische Gewaltforschung

Author: Eva Waiblinger
Title: Der Mann darf das
Subtitle: -
Journal: Tages-Anzeiger
Year: November 13, 2012
Language: German
Full Text: Tages-Anzeiger [Free Access]

CFP: Masculinities

Journal: Masculinities. A Journal of Identity and Culture
Editors: Murat Goc, Ozlem Duva Kaya, Seref Uluocak
Submission deadline: May 1, 2013

Description:
»We have been working on a peer reviewed online journal that will be published biannually in English and that will serve to provide an independent forum for issues of gender, identity and culture, with a particular emphasis on masculinity studies. ...
We invite scholarly and critical contributions, including articles, book and film reviews, reviews of the published articles as well as announcements of forthcoming events, conference reports, and information on other matters of interest to gender studies and/or masculinity studies for the inaugural issue to be published in June 2013.«

More information: Masculinities

CFP: Cultural History

Conference: 10th European Social Science History Conference
Place: Vienna
Date: April 23-26, 2014
Submission deadline for proposals: May 15, 2013

Description:
»The Culture Network, one of the larger networks within the ESSHC, invites you to offer a proposal for a paper or a session for the 2014 conference.
This is an open call. You are free to suggest any theme for the 2014 Conference as long as it relates to cultural history in its broadest sense. However, please note that the networks will be selective again this year since the number of possible sessions is limited. Papers stand a better chance of being selected if they fit together with other papers, and the best way to ensure this is to organise a session, or a group of sessions, yourself.«

More information: European Social Science History Conference

March 9, 2013

ART: Prawa dziecka a przemoc seksualna: stanowisko Kościoła katolickiego–część

Author: Dorota Kornas-Biela
Title: Prawa dziecka a przemoc seksualna
Subtitle: stanowisko Kościoła katolickiego–część I
Translation: Children's Rights and Sexual Abuse: The Position of the Catholic Church – Part I
Journal: Roczniki Pedagogiczne
Volume: 4
Issue: 3
Year: 2012
Pages: 51-72
ISSN: 0137-4176
Language: Polish
Full Text Central and Eastern European Online Library [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »An issue that is discussed within pedagogy is supporting the family in the education of the human being, including the protection from certain threats of the contemporary world. One of them is sexual abuse of children and youth, especially in a new, covert form. The problem of sexual abuse appeared in Polish literature mainly after 1989, while in foreign literature it has been present for a longer time, where the most attempts to create and implement prophylactic and intervention programs date from the 1990s. The present paper discusses the position of the Catholic Church on the problem of sexual abuse, based on the documents of the Church, and compares it with the liberal position, pointing to the threats resulting from the differing anthropological basic assumptions. The problems considered include an analysis of the differences in the understanding of the notion of sexual abuse/violence, in the assessed scale of the phenomenon, in the evaluation of the moral evil of sexual abuse, as well as in the understanding of the reasons of sexual violence (cultural, i.e. indirect, and direct ones). The position of the Catholic Church regarding the various contemporary forms of sexual violence is a valuable contribution to the pedagogical reflection and practice concerning the development and education of children and youth.« [Source: Roczniki Pedagogiczne]

ART: A review of the role of radical feminist theories in the understanding of rape myth acceptance

Authors: Louise Maxwell & Graham Scott
Title: A review of the role of radical feminist theories in the understanding of rape myth acceptance
Subtitle: -
Journal: Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice
Year: February 27, 2013 (Version of record first published)
ISSN: 1355-2600 - eISSN: 1742-6545
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Research into rape myth acceptance (RMA) first emerged in the 1970s, when authors such as Brownmiller (1975) and Burt (1980) proposed that rape was a mechanism that allowed men to exert power over women and that the endorsement of rape myths justified this sexual dominance. These influential theories have meant that subsequent definitions of rape myths have failed to acknowledge male victims of serious sexual assault, despite an increase in prevalence rates. More recent research has attempted to explore RMA in relation to male victims, with results suggesting that men are more likely than women to endorse rape myths regarding male victims when the victim is assumed to be homosexual, or when the victim is heterosexual and the perpetrator is female. Brownmiller's theory is challenged and a more holistic view of the importance of sex-role traditionality is explored, while acknowledging the contribution of individual factors relating to the development of RMA.« [Source: Journal of Sexual Aggression]

ART: Gender Dynamics and Women In Conflict Situations And Post Conflict Recovery: Experiences From Africa

Authors: Maxwell C.C. Musingafi, Emmanuel Dumbu, and Patrick Chadamoyo
Title: Gender Dynamics and Women In Conflict Situations And Post Conflict Recovery
Subtitle: Experiences From Africa
Journal: Research on Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Year: 2013
Pages: 53-61
ISSN: 2222-1719 - eISSN: 2222-2863
Language: English
Full Text: International Institute for Science, Technology & Education [Free Access]

Abstract: »The purpose of this paper is to construct a framework for understanding the gender dimensions of post-conflict reconstruction in order to strengthen assessments, project design, and policy-formulation; all with the aim of achieving the overarching goals of sustainable peace, participation and prosperity. The paper advocates for gender sensitive policies, activities and programmes that may promote gender equality, and enhance returns on post conflict recovery and reconstruction investments. It is predicated on the conviction that building and maintaining peace and prosperity requires attention to gender roles and relations in the post-conflict arena. We propose ways to undertake social, economic and political development within a particularised context (that is post-conflict): recognising genderrelated challenges, suggesting ways that a ‘gender lense’ may sharpen understanding, and capitalising on opportunities presented by new rules, institutions and resources.« [Source: Research on Humanities and Social Sciences]

ART: Justice on whose terms? A critique of international criminal justice responses to conflict-related sexual violence

Authors: Tonia St. Germain and Susan Dewey
Title: Justice on whose terms?
Subtitle: A critique of international criminal justice responses to conflict-related sexual violence
Journal: Women's Studies International Forum
Volume: 37
Issue:
Year: March-April 2013
Pages: 36-45
ISSN: 0277-5395
Language: English
Full Text: ScienceDirect [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article argues that the international criminal justice system fails to sufficiently address conflict-related sexual violence in two critical ways: [1] by advocating a pro-prosecution, “end impunity” approach (defined as holding perpetrators accountable through criminal, civil, administrative or disciplinary proceedings) which applies the prevailing Euro-American model of justice designed to prosecute one man for the rape of one woman to post-conflict zones where widespread sexual violence occurred, and [2] by identifying conflict and post-conflict zones as both discursive and practical sites of pathology that require intervention by elites who strongly identify with a Euro-American liberal individualistic vision of justice. We argue that the international community can no longer conveniently refuse to address the inequalities characterizing the international criminal justice system, in which a tiny minority of self-congratulatory elites uses the noble principles of human rights and justice to advance an agenda that works in their own best interests. To explore possible alternatives to a prosecution-centered approach to conflict-related sexual violence, we employ two African case study examples of community-led gender justice initiatives that have successfully shifted legal discourse while simultaneously transforming wider cultural frameworks.« [Source: Women's Studies International Forum]

ART: Double framing in Lilya 4-Ever: Sex trafficking and postsocialist abjection

Author: Jennifer Suchland
Title: Double framing in Lilya 4-Ever
Subtitle: Sex trafficking and postsocialist abjection
Journal: European Journal of Cultural Studies
Year: February 27, 2013 (Published online before print)
Pages:
ISSN: 1367-5494 - eISSN: 1460-3551
Language: English
Full Text: SAGE Journals [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »The image of the trafficked woman from a former state socialist country has come to symbolize the global crisis in sex trafficking. The ‘Natasha’ image is also a referent for the failure of state socialism. This article provides an analysis of the film Lilya 4-Ever (dir. Lukas Moodyson, 2002) to show how both sex trafficking and postsocialism are framed in representations of sex trafficking. The film presents the problem of sex trafficking in two covertly problematic ways, narrowing the issue to prostitution and illegal migration. While the film avoids voyeurism of sexual violence, this is replaced by voyeurism of postsocialist abjection. Postsocialist abjection is aesthetically captured as an eternal state of collapse. Thus, the tragedy of sex trafficking is the result of and a symbol for the failure (post-)state socialism. « [Source: European Journal of Cultural Studies]

BOOK: Prison Rape. An American Institution?

Author: Michael Singer
Title: Prison Rape
Subtitle: An American Institution?
Place: Santa Barbara, CA
Publisher: Praeger
Year: 2013
Pages: 195pp.
Language: English

REPORT: Sexueller Missbrauch, psychische und körperliche Gewalt im Internat der Benediktinerabtei Ettal. Individuelle Folgen und organisatorischstrukturelle Hintergründe

Authors: Heiner Keupp, Florian Straus, Peter Mosser, Wolfgang Gmür, and Gerhard Hackenschmied
Title: Sexueller Missbrauch, psychische und körperliche Gewalt im Internat der Benediktinerabtei Ettal
Subtitle: Individuelle Folgen und organisatorischstrukturelle Hintergründe
Place: Munich
Publisher: Institut für Praxisforschung und Projektberatung München
Year: January 2013
Pages: 155pp.
Language: German
Full Text: Institut für Praxisforschung und Projektberatung München [Free Access]

REV: Roman Homosexuality

Author: Kelly Olson
Title: Williams (C.A.) Roman Homosexuality. Second edition. Pp. xx + 471, pls. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 (first edition 1999). Paper, £19.99, US$29.95. ISBN: 978-0-19-538874-9
Journal: The Classical Review
Volume: 63
Issue: 1
Year: April 2013
Pages: 304-305
ISSN: 0009-840X - eISSN: 1464-3561
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

REV: Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict

Author: Patricia Daley
Title: Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict by JL Leatherman Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011. Pp. 244.£ 14.99 (pbk)
Journal: The Journal of Modern African Studies
Volume: 51
Issue: 1
Year: March 2013
Pages: 177-178
ISSN: 0022-278X- eISSN: 1469-77
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

March 2, 2013

ART: Sexual Barter in Times of Genocide: Negotiating the Sexual Economy of the Theresienstadt Ghetto

Author: Anna Hájková
Title: Sexual Barter in Times of Genocide
Subtitle: Negotiating the Sexual Economy of the Theresienstadt Ghetto
Journal: Signs.
Volume: 38
Issue: 3
Year: Spring 2013
Pages: 503-533
ISSN: 0097-9740 - eISSN: 1545-6943
Language: English
Full Text: JSTOR [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Conditions in the transit ghetto of Theresienstadt, which existed between 1941 and 1945, generated a system in which female sexual and social favors were deliberately traded for food, protection, and symbolic capital within the inmates’ society. Scholars analyzing the sexuality of Holocaust victims have so far only focused on sexual violence (including forced prostitution) or romantic relationships. Love and sexuality have been understood as either a refuge mechanism or a form of oppression. Using Theresienstadt as a case study, this essay calls a third form into focus: consensual sexual barter. Based on extensive archival material, this study examines the wide range of exchanges: many of the interactions did not include sex acts but rather sexualized or social favors. Suggesting the concept of sexual barter rather than the narrow definition of prostitution points to changes in social practices and patterns: commodification of sexuality and relationships, and sexualization of the ghetto economy. Analyzing bartered sexuality identifies gender values as well as social hierarchies in the ghetto society. Moreover, the findings reveal the gendered character of power mechanisms and the underlying structures of the prisoners’ society. Close examination of sexual barter in Theresienstadt highlights the communication within and status of various national groups of Jews from central and western Europe as well as generational segments. Finally, this article discusses the importance of the postwar sexualized narratives.« [Source: Signs]

ART: The Dark side of Mateship: Rape and Silence in Blackrock

Author: Alexandra Heller-Nicholas
Title: The Dark side of Mateship
Subtitle: Rape and Silence in Blackrock
Journal: Screen Education
Volume: -
Issue: 68
Year: Summer 2013
Pages: 109-114
ISSN: 1449-857X
Language: English
Full Text: informit [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Watching the depiction of rape in on-screen fictions can be difficult, even harrowing, for viewers - and can become even more so in the case of gang rape. Despite (or perhaps because of) this difficulty, gang rape has become a common plot device in Australian film, one that is used to expose the dark side of otherwise culturally celebrated notions of mateship. Movies like Wasted on the Young (Ben C Lucas, 2010), The Boys (Rowan Woods, 1998), The Proposition (John Hillcoat, 2005), Shame (Steve Jodrell, 1988) and Blackrock (Steven Vidler, 1997) all use this type of sexual violence as a way to illustrate the fact that the loyalty we often champion as a key element of white Australian masculinity often comes at a horrific cost. The gender politics that dominate these films demonstrate just how complex - and often hypocritical - widely held attitudes towards sexual violence can be. They force us to question the moral assumptions that we are exposed to through the media on an almost daily basis, and indeed the assumptions that we make ourselves.« [Source: Screen Education]

ART: Weapons of Sex, Weapons of War

Author: Rana Jaleel
Title: Weapons of Sex, Weapons of War
Subtitle: -
Journal: Cultural Studies
Volume: 27
Issue: 1
Year: January 2013
Pages: 115-135
ISSN: 0950-2386 - eISSN: 1466-4348
Language: English
Full Text: IngentaConnect [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Recent international attention has focused on designations of rape and sexual violence in conflict zones. The most formative debates on this issue centre on the 1990s-era conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, which also involved heated debates amongst feminists over designations of rape as genocide. While the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda case, the Prosecutor v. Akayesu, resulted in the first formal charge of wartime rape as genocide within international criminal law, the first case to charge wartime rape as genocidal occurred in US federal court. This project looks for the overarching social and political meaning of the contemporary international legal focus on rape and sexual violence. It examines why, how, and to what extent US and transnational feminist legal academics and activists transmitted and secured their understandings of the relationships between sex, violence and ethno-religious difference within the international legal arena. In doing so, I argue that their participation in the contemporary recognition and narration of sexual injury in a global context both retreads and reconfigures the heated 1980s-era US Sex Wars debates on the workings of gender, sex, race and power.« [Source: Cultural Studies]

ART: Our Rapists, Ourselves. Women and the Staging of Rape in the Cinema of Pedro Almodóvar

Author: Leora Lev
Title: Our Rapists, Ourselves
Subtitle: Women and the Staging of Rape in the Cinema of Pedro Almodóvar
In: A Companion to Pedro Almodóvar
Edited by: Marvin D'Lugo and Kathleen M. Vernon
Place: Oxford
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Year: 2013
Pages: 203-224
Series: Wiley-Blackwell Companions to Film Directors
ISBN-13: 9781405195829 - eISBN-13: 9781118325360
Language: English
Full Text: Wiley Online Library [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This chapter suggests that Pedro Almodóvar's cinematic reflections on rape offer a more nuanced, troubling, and necessary analysis that complicates - even when it's also clearly grappling with - understandings of rape both within Spain and beyond in ways that resist reductive categorizations. Although nearly all of Almodóvar's films deal with rape, including rape between men and child abuse, this chapter focuses primarily upon three emblematic films: ¡Átame!/Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down! and Kika, in which the act of rape is placed in a contemporaneous specularized media landscape; followed by Hable con ella/Talk to Her, whose critical elaboration of rape invokes an earlier intertextual web composed of a “monstrous feminine” of western cultural fairytales, myths, tropes, and cinematic representations. Almodóvar offers an alternative dénouement to the specularizations of implied or actual sexual violence against women.« [Source: Wiley]

REV: Sexual violence and armed conflict

Author: Marian Tankink
Title: Sexual violence and armed conflict, anie L. Leatherman (2011). Cambridge, Polity Press (244pp)
Journal: Intervention. International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial Work and Counselling in Areas of Armed Conflict
Year: February 20, 2013 (Published Ahead-of-Print)
Pages:
ISSN: 1571-8883 - eISSN: 1872-1001
Language: English
Full Text: Lippincott Williams & Wilkin [Restricted Access]

RADIO: „Und der Rest ist Schweigen“

Title: „Und der Rest ist Schweigen“. Die Missbrauchsfälle am Homburger Johanneum
Program: Land und Leute
Channel: SR 3 Saarlandwelle
Date: February 24, 2013
Duration: 27:01 min.
Language: German

Description: »Die Missbrauchsfälle in Kirchenkreisen sind erschreckend und machen wütend. Auch am Homburger Johanneum sollen sich einige Patres Missbrauch begangen haben. Tilla Fuchs sprach für "Land und Leute" am 24.02. mit Betroffenen über ihre Emotionen in der Zeit. Wer der Oberen wusste was? Und warum wurde nichts dagegen unternommen?«

Podcast: SR-online

WEBSITE: Eckiger Tisch

Description: »Das Blog für Geschädigte an deutschen Jesuiten-Einrichtungen«

Link: Eckiger Tisch

WEBSITE: Ettaler Misshandlungs- und Missbrauchsopfer e.V.

Description: »Wir sind ein Zusammenschluss von Altettalern, die in Ettal waren und sowohl die guten als auch Schattenseiten des Internates und der Schule kennengelernt haben. Dies betrifft sowohl sexuellen Missbrauch als auch physische und psychische Gewalt.«

Link: Ettaler Misshandlungs- und Missbrauchsopfer e.V.

WEBSITE: Initiative Ehemaliger Johanneum Homburg

Description: »Die INITIATIVE- EHEMALIGER- JOHANNEUM- HOMBURG besteht aus Betroffenen sexuell motivierter Übergriffe und sexueller Gewalt durch Mitglieder des Ordens der Hiltruper Herz-Jesu-Missionare (MSC) am Gymnasium und Internat Johanneum Homburg/Saar.«

Link: Initiative Ehemaliger Johanneum Homburg

WEBSITE: KLOKK - Koepel Landelijk Overleg Kerkelijk Kindermisbruik

Description: »Stichting KLOKK is een initiatief van de hieronder genoemde lotgenoten- contactgroepen om samen een vuist te maken, één stem te zijn, verbonden door het gezamenlijke doel op te komen voor slachtoffers van seksueel, fysiek of psychisch misbruik door medewerkers van de rooms-katholieke kerk in Nederland.«

Link: KLOKK

WEBSITE: MissBiT - Sexueller Missbrauch durch Angehörige der katholischen Kirche im Bistum Trier

Description: »Opfer und Betroffene sexuellen Missbrauchs durch Angehörige der katholischen Kirche im Bistum Trier - ein Blog von Claudia Adams«

Link: MissBiT

WEBSITE: Sexueller Missbrauch in Ahrensburg e.V.

Description: »Wir sind ein Verein, der sich aus der Selbsthilfegruppe von Betroffenen und deren Angehörigen im Kontext sexuellen Missbrauchs im Rahmen der Kirche entwickelt hat.«

Link: Sexueller Missbrauch in Ahrensburg

CFP: ¿La ley del deseo?: Interferencias, fusiones y confusiones entre derecho y sexualidad - Law of Desire?: Interferences, fusions and confusions between law and y sexuality

Journal: Ambigua: Revista de Investigaciones de Género y Estudios Culturales
Editors: Juan Jiménez Salcedo and Thomas Hochmann
Submission deadline for papers: September 1, 2013

Description: »Entre esta separación –utópica e irreal– y la fusión total, queremos explorar la multiplicidad de relaciones que pueden establecerse entre derecho y sexualidad. Los editores de este monográfico de la revista Ambigua desearían recibir contribuciones sobre estos diferentes tipos de relación, tanto en lo que se refiere a la representación como en lo que tiene que ver con la práctica sexual. En cuanto al período cronológico, nos limitaremos a los siglos XX y XXI. Se aceptarán trabajos provenientes de cualquiera de las disciplinas de las ciencias humanas y sociales (derecho, literatura, historia, sociología, antropología...) con cualquiera de sus metodologías (análisis de legislación y jurisprudencia, historia de las representaciones, trabajo de campo sociológico, crítica literaria...).« - »Between these two endings: separation –utopian or real- and complete fusion, we want to explore the multiplicity of relations that can be established in law and sexuality. The editors of this monograph invite contributions that approach the abovementioned theme from different social and human disciplines such as law, literature, history, sociology, anthropology…, and from a wide variety of theoretical and interdisciplinary perspectives (legislation research, history of representations, sociological field research, literary criticism…) though they should be limited to twentieth and twentieth century.«

More information: Ambigua (Spanish), CFP website (English)

CFP: Gender and Sexuality in Popular Culture

Conference: EUPOP 2013 – PCA Europe Annual Conference
Place: Turku, Finland
Date: July 31 - August 2, 2013
Submission deadline for abstracts or panel proposals: March 25, 2013

Description: »We invite papers exploring any aspect of gender and sexuality in any form of European popular culture«.

More information: H-Net Announcements