Introduction

The bibliography provides information on writings dealing with the history of rape, including sexual child abuse, sexual harassment, sexual molestation, child prostitution, forced prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual(ized) violence. The blog informs about calls for papers, forthcoming events and new literature in this field.

July 28, 2013

ART: Female Combatants and the Perpetration of Violence: Wartime Rape in the Sierra Leone Civil War

Author: Dara Kay Cohen
Title: Female Combatants and the Perpetration of Violence
Subtitle: Wartime Rape in the Sierra Leone Civil War
Journal: World Politics
Volume: 65
Issue: 3
Year: July 2013
Pages: 383-415
ISSN: 0043-8871 - eISSN: 1086-3338
Language: English
Full Text: Cambridge Journals Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Much of the current scholarship on wartime violence, including studies of the combatants themselves, assumes that women are victims and men are perpetrators. However, there is an increasing awareness that women in armed groups may be active fighters who function as more than just cooks, cleaners, and sexual slaves. In this article, the author focuses on the involvement of female fighters in a form of violence that is commonly thought to be perpetrated only by men: the wartime rape of noncombatants. Using original interviews with ex-combatants and newly available survey data, she finds that in the Sierra Leone civil war, female combatants were participants in the widespread conflict-related violence, including gang rape. A growing body of evidence from other conflicts suggests that Sierra Leone is not an anomaly and that women likely engage in conflict-related violence, including sexual violence, more often than is currently believed. Many standard interpretations of wartime rape are undermined by the participation of female perpetrators. To explain the involvement of women in wartime rape, the author argues that women in armed group units face similar pressure to that faced by their male counterparts to participate in gang rape. The study has broad implications for future avenues of research on wartime violence, as well as for policy.« [Source: World Politics]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

CFP: Victorian Violence

Conference: 2014 Annual Conference of the Midwest Victorian Studies Association
Place: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Date: April 11-13, 2014
Submission deadline for abstracts: October 31, 2013
More information: Midwest Victorian Studies Association

Description: »Papers are sought for topics related to the conference theme of "Victorian Violence." Contributions may consider any aspect of conflict or resistance and its representations in art, music, history, or literature: violence in the army, the colonies, the prisons, the streets, the workplace, the family, the home, and even the animal kingdom. Papers on resistance to violence – such as anti-vivisection or the British anti-war movement – are also welcome, as are talks on indirect and systemic forms of violence. We are planning a collection of essays based on the conference.«

July 22, 2013

ART: Trend of Crime in Ibadan (1999-2008)

Author: Folasade O. Abigun
Title: Trend of Crime in Ibadan (1999-2008)
Subtitle: -
Journal: Scottish Journal of Arts, Social Sciences and Scientific Studies
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Year: July 2013
Pages: 40-53
ISSN: 2047-1278
Language: English
Full Text: Scottish Journal of Arts, Social Sciences and Scientific Studies

Abstract: »The paper examines the trend of crime in Ibadan between 1999 and 2008. The prevalence rate of crime incidence was determined and the future incidence was predicted till 2050. Crime data indicating type and year of occurrence of crime was retrieved from Police record from 1999 to 2008. The Z score of categories of crime recorded for the period of study was calculated for a comparison across categories. Annual incidence of various categories of crime was presented in a table and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used in verifying the significance of the observed variation in annual incidence of crime. Linear regression analysis was used in verifying the relationship between year and incidence of crime and for prediction of future incidences of crime till 2050. Crime incidence was taken as a quotient of population figure in order to establish the annual prevalence rates in the study area. The study observed an increase in crime trend in Ibadan with crime of acquisition having the highest crime magnitude. Crime incidence of between 238 and 307 occurred per 1000 population in Ibadan within the period of study. The study suggested an overhauling of police mechanisms of crime control and community initiatives.« [Source: Scottish Journal of Arts, Social Sciences and Scientific Studies]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Sexual violence since 1750

Author: Shani D'Cruze
Title: Sexual violence since 1750
Subtitle: -
In: The Routledge History of Sex and the Body: 1500 to the Present
Edited by: Sarah Toulalan and Kate Fisher
Place: New York, NY
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 444-
Series: The Routledge Histories
ISBN-13: 9780415472371 (hbk.), 9780203436868 (ebk.)
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Rape, Acquittal and Culpability in Popular Crime Reports in England, c.1670-c.1750

Author: Garthine Walker
Title: Rape, Acquittal and Culpability in Popular Crime Reports in England, c.1670-c.1750
Subtitle: -
Journal: Past & Present: A Journal of Historical Studies
Volume: 220
Issue: 1
Year: August 2013
Pages: 115-142
ISSN: 0031-2746 - eISSN: 1477-464X
Language: English
Full Text: Oxford Journals [Restricted Access]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Sexual violence and rape in Europe, 1500-1750

Author: Garthine Walker
Title: Sexual violence and rape in Europe, 1500-1750
Subtitle: -
In: The Routledge History of Sex and the Body: 1500 to the Present
Edited by: Sarah Toulalan and Kate Fisher
Place: New York, NY
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2013
Pages: 429-
Series: The Routledge Histories
ISBN-13: 9780415472371 (hbk.), 9780203436868 (ebk.)
Language: English
Full Text: Google Books [Limited Preview]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

BOOK: How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Author: Leigh Ann Wheeler
Title: How Sex Became a Civil Liberty
Subtitle: -
Place: Oxford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2013
Pages: 352pp.
Language: English
More information: History of Rape Bibliography

REV: How Sex Became a Civil Liberty

Author: Robyn L. Rosen
Title: How Sex Became a Civil Liberty. By Leigh Ann Wheeler. Oxford University Press. 2012. 352 pages. $34.95 cloth
Journal: Social Forces
Year: July 9, 2013 (Advance Access)
Pages: 2 pages
ISSN: 0037-7732 - eISSN: 1534-7605
Language: English
Full Text: Oxford Journals [Restricted Access]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

REV: Stolen Women in Medieval England. Rape, Abduction, and Adultery, 1100 - 1500

Author: Jacqueline Hoareau-Dodinau
Title: Caroline Dunn: Stolen Women in Medieval England. Rape, Abduction, and Adultery, 1100 - 1500, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2013, ISBN 978-1-107-01700-9
Journal: sehepunkte. Rezensionsjournal für die Geschichtswissenschaften
Volume: 13
Issue: 7-8
Year: July-August 2013
Pages: -
ISSN: 1618-6168
Language: French
Full Text: sehepunkte [Free Access]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

CFP: Trauma: Theory and Practice

Conference: 4th Global Conference: Trauma: Theory and Practice
Place: Prague, Czech Republic
Date: March 22-25, 2014
Submission deadline for abstracts: October 11, 2013
More information: Inter-Disciplinary.Net

Description: »This inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary conference seeks to examine and explore issues surrounding individual and collective trauma in terms of practice, theory and lived reality. Trauma studies has emerged from its foundation in psychoanalysis to be a dominant methodology for understanding contemporary events and our reactions to them. Critics have argued that we live in a ‘culture of trauma.’ Repeated images of suffering and death form our collective and/or cultural unconscious. The third global conference seeks papers on a variety of issues related to trauma including: the function of memory, memorial, and testimony; collective and cultural perspectives; the impact of time; and the management of personal and political traumas.«

RADIO: Chong Kim: sold for sex in the USA

Title: Chong Kim: sold for sex in the USA
Program: Outlook
Channel: BBC World Service
Date: July 16, 2013
Duration: 50:00 min.
Language: English
Podcast: BBC

Description: »On Outlook we hear from Korean American woman Chong Kim who was sold into the sex trade when she was 18 by the man she thought was her boyfriend. She now helps police to track down human traffickers.«

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

July 15, 2013

ART: Violence and Sexual Harassment in Nigerian Novels: The Nego-Feminist Option

Authors: Muhammad Alkali, Rosli Talif, and Jariah Mohd Jan
Title: Violence and Sexual Harassment in Nigerian Novels
Subtitle: The Nego-Feminist Option
Journal: Research on Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume: 3
Issue: 9
Year: 2013
Pages: 10-14
ISSN: 2222-1719 - eISSN: 2222-2863
Language: English
Full Text: International Institute for Science, Technology & Education [Free Access]

Abstract: »Taking advantage of women in most modern legal contexts is illegal. The unwelcome sexual advances have often been accompanied with violence of differing degrees. Such advantages from sexual abuse or sexual assault into forced marriages and to mild transgressions that include simple teasing, offhand comments, or minor isolated incidents in the life cycle of a female such as demonstrated in Buchi Emecheta’s The Bride Price (1976) forcefully calls attention to how they should be remedied. In the village of Ibuza, harassment is so frequent and severe that it creates a hostile and offensive environment for budding girls of marriage age – and a question shoots: what is the way out for novelists in deconstructing the life of such young girls as Aku-nna, the lead female character? While Emecheta takes the option of a strong backlash on the male class, new female writers like Ify Osammor in her The Triumph of Water Lily (1996) have made feminism to evolve by certainly bringing to disrepute the oddity of the male but in an amiable way that would appear to yield better results. This option of Nego-feminism charges both sexes to be willing-partners in progress. The option speaks in the monologic voice of unquestioned authority, determined by experience, knowledge and practice. Its dialogic (competing) voices speak in new official language and new official thought. In short, where the arrant feminism is a closed gender genre reflective of what has already occurred, Nego-feminism is open — to the present and the future. As such, the novel is almost by definition a progressive genre, which Osammor uses the different expectations that society holds for gender roles to twist the tragic situation of The Triumph of Water Lily into a tighter knot than radical events would otherwise permit.« [Source: Research on Humanities and Social Sciences]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: The Evolution of Rape: The Fitness Benefits and Costs of a Forced-Sex Mating Strategy in an Evolutionary Context

Author: Menelaos Apostolou
Title: The Evolution of Rape
Subtitle: The Fitness Benefits and Costs of a Forced-Sex Mating Strategy in an Evolutionary Context
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal
Year: July 6, 2013 (Articles in Press)
Pages: 33 pages
ISSN: 1359-1789
Language: English
Full Text: ScienceDirect [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »Past theorizing on the evolution of rape adduced the hypothesis that this act constitutes the behavioral expression of a mechanism which has evolved to enable men of low mate value to circumvent female choice. This has recently been questioned on the grounds that during human evolution, women’s mate choices were controlled by their parents. It, therefore, remains unclear which were the evolutionary forces likely to have shaped this mechanism and whether such a mechanism exists in the first place. Accordingly, this paper employs anthropological and historical evidence in an attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary context in which a forced-sex mating strategy emerged. On the basis of this evidence, it is argued that forced sex is the outcome of an innate conditional strategy which enables men to circumvent parental and female choice when they experience a competitive disadvantage, or when the costs of doing so are low. The implications of the operation of this mechanism during human evolution are further explored.« [Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Teen heroine TV: Narrative complexity and sexual violence in female-fronted teen drama series

Author: Susan Berridge
Title: Teen heroine TV
Subtitle: Narrative complexity and sexual violence in female-fronted teen drama series
Journal: New Review of Film and Television Studies
Year: July 2, 2013
Pages:
ISSN: 1740-0309 - eISSN: 1740-7923
Language: English
Full Text: Taylor & Francis Online [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »A structural analysis of sexual violence representations in US teen drama series reveals that programmes fronted by female teens are unique in their handling of these kinds of storylines (see Berridge 2010). While series with male protagonists or ensemble casts focus on a single sexual violence narrative at a time, female-fronted teen series from the mid-1990s onwards often feature two or more sexual violence narratives running concurrently. These overlaps potentially (although not necessarily) challenge individualised understandings of this abuse, by creating thematic links between different types of violence against women and emphasising the pervasiveness of this abuse in teenage characters' lives. This paper explores intersecting sexual violence narratives in three US teen drama series, each fronted by a heterosexual female teenage protagonist: Buffy the Vampire Slayer (The WB/CW, 1997–2003), Veronica Mars (UPN/The CW, 2004–2007), and Life Unexpected (The CW, 2010–11). Drawing on Jason Mittell's (2012) conception of televisual narrative complexity, it considers how these overlapping narratives affect the underlying ideology of these storylines and how they are interpreted. I argue that a fuller understanding of sexual violence is offered by contextualising this analysis in relation to wider generic, serial, and narrative structures.« [Source: New Review of Film and Television Studies]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Violée par le diable

Author: Marianne Closson
Title: Violée par le diable
Subtitle: -
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 14 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Le Moyen Âge nous a offert de nombreux récits mettant en scène des incubes ou des succubes, mais c’est la Chasse aux sorcières qui transforme véritablement le diable en figure de la toute-puissance phallique ; au sabbat, sorciers et sorcières se soumettent sexuellement au démon, souillure sans retour qui les sépare du reste de l’humanité.
Ce rituel, qui signe l’appartenance au diable, devient, vers la fin du XVIe siècle, ouvertement sadique : le coït, abondamment décrit par les démonologues, provoque des douleurs effroyables, du fait, principalement, de la disproportion des organes du démon et de la sorcière. Ce « modèle » contamine à son tour la possession démoniaque : les possédées sont victimes de viols, ou plus souvent de tentatives de viol, par le diable ; et cette fois-ci, l’événement a lieu dans le monde réel, et parfois en présence de témoins.
Comment ce motif du coït forcé avec le démon – qui crée par ailleurs une confusion possible entre sorcière et possédée – s’est-il imposé ? Que nous dit-il de l’image de la femme ? Quels fantasmes met-il à jour ? L’article s’efforce de répondre à ces questions.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Viol et ravissement sur la scène française : défi dramaturgique et évolution du théâtre sérieux

Author: Céline Fournial
Title: Viol et ravissement sur la scène française
Subtitle: Défi dramaturgique et évolution du théâtre sérieux
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 16 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »De multiples figures de ravisseurs occupent la scène théâtrale du XVIe siècle et leur diversité correspond à la polysémie du mot ravissement. Ainsi, le ravissement, sujet commun à la tragédie et à la tragi-comédie, est traité de manière très différente dans ces deux genres, tant sur le plan dramatique que sur le plan dramaturgique. Le traitement du viol constitue un véritable défi pour les auteurs du XVIe siècle car ce type particulier de crime déroge plus que tout autre aux règles de décence et de bienséance. Mais alors que dans le dernier quart du siècle, la conception du théâtre évolue profondément et que le théâtre statique cède progressivement la place à un théâtre de l’action et de l’action violente, la violence faite aux femmes, malgré les réticences plus grandes qu’elle suscite chez les dramaturges, finit par s’exposer à son tour. L’engouement de la fin du siècle pour ce type de sujet est intimement lié au développement de la tragédie irrégulière mais aussi au contexte historique de la crise de l’humanisme et des guerres de religion. L’évolution du traitement du viol à la scène s’inscrit donc dans le cadre plus vaste d’un théâtre de la cruauté qui interroge les limites de la représentation dramatique.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Incubes et succubes: figures sexuées du viol onirique (XVIe –XVIIe siècle)

Author: Guillaume Garnier
Title: Incubes et succubes
Subtitle: Figures sexuées du viol onirique (XVIe –XVIIe siècle)
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 10 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »Les incubes et les succubes sont des figures sexuées de l’activité onirique qui ont particulièrement été sources de débats et d’enjeux entre le XVIe et le XVIIe siècle. A cette période, des écrits restés très célèbres de démonologie et d’apparitions (le Tableau de l'inconstance des mauvais anges et demons de Pierre de Lancre, Le Marteau des sorcières…) fustigent les incubats, soupçonnés d’une trop grande proximité avec la sorcellerie. A partir de la description qui est faite par les inquisiteurs de ces accouplements nocturnes, il est réellement possible de les considérer comme un viol, si ce n’est sa particularité de s’exprimer pendant le sommeil des prétendues victimes. Quoiqu’il en soit, il peut être interrogé de la même manière qu’un crime sexuel « classique » : la question du consentement (les femmes sont souvent incriminées à cause de l’ambiguïté de leur comportement), les violences exercées (physiques et surtout psychologiques) ou bien encore la moralité de l’acte sexuel (culpabilité, honte et pardon de la faute).« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Se souvenir du viol de Lucrèce: plaisir et chasteté chez Lorenzo Valla, Castiglione et Marguerite de Navarre

Author: Audrey Gilles-Chikhaoui
Title: Se souvenir du viol de Lucrèce
Subtitle: Plaisir et chasteté chez Lorenzo Valla, Castiglione et Marguerite de Navarre
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 19 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »Lucrèce, dame romaine violée par le fils de Tarquin et qui se suicida pour se laver de ce déshonneur, fait partie des figures féminines que les traités en faveur des femmes au Moyen Âge et à la Renaissance citent comme exemplum. Paradigme de vertu, Lucrèce est un modèle dont les femmes doivent se souvenir pour adopter une conduite. Dès Augustin dans La Cité de Dieu, un soupçon sur son consentement et sur la qualification a été porté, soulevant la question de la volupté éprouvée. Dans la Renaissance italienne et française, trois textes envisagent cette réinterprétation dans le cadre d’œuvres favorisant les échanges et les débats : le De Voluptate (1431) de Lorenzo Valla, Il Libro del Cortegiano (1528) de Castiglione et L’Heptaméron (1558) de Marguerite de Navarre, plus précisément les nouvelles 4 et 62. Chacun de ces textes, à partir de la question de l’honnêteté féminine, accorde une place complexe et paradoxale à la volupté féminine dans le viol : requalification de l’acte, réécriture moderne d’un modèle antique, réflexion théologique, ces trois textes dialoguent avec l’idée d’un souvenir à conter ou à effacer, replaçant alors l’écriture du viol et la considération de la volupté féminine dans le cadre de la Querelle des femmes.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Reinventing Lucretia: Rape, Suicide and Redemption from Classical Antiquity to the Medieval Era

Author: Eleanor Glendinning
Title: Reinventing Lucretia
Subtitle: Rape, Suicide and Redemption from Classical Antiquity to the Medieval Era
Journal: International Journal of the Classical Tradition
Year: July 4, 2013 (Online First)
Pages: 22 pages
ISSN: 1073-0508 - eISSN: 1874-6292
Language: English
Full Text: SpringerLink [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article examines the rape and suicide of the archetypal Roman matron Lucretia and the representation and appropriation of her story in literature from Augustan Rome, Late Antiquity and the medieval period. Rape and suicide have always been highly evocative, topical and controversial actions for scrutinising the relationship between gender and history, and it is no accident that Rome's first high-profile victim was later drawn upon by writers from 2,000 years of European history to explore issues such as appropriate (and inappropriate) female behaviour, sexuality, guilt, redemption, and the ethics of voluntary death. This article offers a diachronic perspective on the long afterlife of a single Roman myth and the potency of that myth as a privileged and effective point of reference for exploring femininity, rape and suicide in European history.« [Source: International Journal of the Classical Tradition]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Armide, la blanchisseuse et les autres. Une tentative de mise en relation de l’art et de la société

Author: Danielle Haase-Dubosc
Title: Armide, la blanchisseuse et les autres
Subtite: Une tentative de mise en relation de l’art et de la société
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 17 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »Comment peut-on envisager que l’image-affect du personnage d’Armide dans la Jérusalem libérée de Torquato Tasso ait pu toucher et influencer les juges français du dix-septième siècle lorsqu’ils avaient à décider du sort de femmes accusées du rapt de séduction ? De quelle manière peut-on étudier les relations entre l’art et la société en partant d’un cas précis ?« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Brutalité, vengeance et repentance: le viol dans l'oeuvre d'Alexandre Hardy"

Author: Heather Kirk
Title: Brutalité, vengeance et repentance
Subtitle: Le viol dans l'oeuvre d'Alexandre Hardy
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 13 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Cet article examine la mise en scène du viol au tout premier XVIIe siècle, une époque intermédiaire entre le théâtre de la cruauté de la fin du XVIe siècle et le théâtre régulier des années 1630. Dans la tragédie Scédase, ou l’Hospitalité violée et la tragi-comédie La Force du sang, Alexandre Hardy se penche sur le langage et les conséquences du viol.
Il nous convient d’étudier la description du viol et le langage atténué des violeurs et de leurs victimes à propos de ce crime. Par le biais de l’euphémisme et de la métaphore, Hardy crée un lexique qui connote le rapt sans pourtant évoquer la brutalité et la grossièreté de l’acte.
Nous analysons ensuite les répercussions du viol, non seulement chez les victimes, mais chez les agresseurs, les témoins et la famille. Quels sont les enjeux moraux et juridiques de ce crime? Comment un violeur peut-il se racheter de son crime? Comment une victime peut-elle survivre à la perte de son honneur? Les deux pièces à l’étude montrent un auteur soucieux des bienséances de son époque, mais aussi du goût populaire pour la violence.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Lucrèce à la Renaissance ou la tendance à la démythification. Violence morale vs plaisir charnel

Author: Nadège Fadili Leclerc
Title: Lucrèce à la Renaissance ou la tendance à la démythification
Subtitle: Violence morale vs plaisir charnel
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 21 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract:
»Cet article évoque la remise en cause du statut d'exemplum virtutis que le personnage de Lucrèce subit à la Renaissance. Les lettrés et les artistes, influencés par les soupçons exprimés en son temps par Saint Augustin (De civitate dei, I, XIX) tout comme par l'ambiguïté caractérisant le statut juridique et social des femmes victimes de violence sexuelle dans la société de l'époque, insistent particulièrement sur le plaisir physique que la matrone romaine aurait éprouvé lors de son « viol » par le fils de Tarquin le Superbe. À leurs yeux, le suicide de Lucrèce, réparateur, reste exemplaire mais il l'eût été davantage s’il avait précédé l’étreinte.
Cette tendance est mise en évidence à partir de quelques exemples empruntés à la civilisation italienne en lien avec la culture française : Coluccio Salutati, Lorenzo Valla, Matteo Bandello et Giovan Battista Marino pour la littérature, Francesco Salviati pour les arts figuratifs.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: « Le plaint » et « la voix emportez »: Réécritures de Philomèle chez Amadis Jamyn".

Author: Annick MacAskill
Title: « Le plaint » et « la voix emportez »
Subtitle: Réécritures de Philomèle chez Amadis Jamyn
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 22 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »Secrétaire de Ronsard et l’un des premiers traducteurs d’Homère en France, Amadis Jamyn est aussi un auteur de poésies originales, qui pratique maintes formes privilégiées de la Renaissance française. Imprégnée de culture antique, la poésie de Jamyn met en avant plusieurs récits tirés de la mythologie gréco-romaine. Il puise notamment dans Les Métamorphoses d’Ovide, revenant souvent à la même scène dans plusieurs pièces. L’un de ces mythes, le viol de Philomèle, se prête à deux réécritures bien différentes chez Jamyn. D’abord, dans ses premières poésies, il livre un poème narratif, le Discours d’une amante, qui raconte le sort d’une jeune femme forcée par son père de s’allier en mariage à un homme qu’elle n’aime pas. Plus tard, dans un canzoniere pétrarquiste destiné à la fameuse maréchale de Retz, il médite sur le thème de la stupeur amoureuse, se servant encore une fois de la figure de Philomèle, alors représentée comme double de sa persona poétique. Par le biais de cette femme mythologique, il rapproche ainsi la notion de viol de deux situations distinctes, le mariage sous contrainte et le ravissement amoureux.« [Source: Le Verger]

More information: History of Rape Bibliography

ART: Psyché alanguie : promesses de ravissement et menaces de viol dans le sommeil à la Renaissance

Author: Marina Seretti
Title: Psyché alanguie
Subtitle: Promesses de ravissement et menaces de viol dans le sommeil à la Renaissance
Journal: Le Verger: la revue de Cornucopia
Volume: -
Issue: 4
Year: June 2013
Pages: 21 pages
ISSN: 2261-8430
Language: French
Full Text: Cornucopia [Free Access]

Abstract: »Depuis la fable d'Apulée jusqu'à la métaphore mystique de l'âme-papillon, la figure léthargique de Psyché s'offre à l'alternative du ravissement spirituel et du rapt sensuel, voire à leur étrange condensation. L'évolution de cette figure dans l'art et la littérature de la Renaissance permet d'interroger cette analogie entre les rapts du corps et de l'âme. Les sommeils de Psyché se métamorphosent et son image se transforme (pose, gestuelle, expression) selon qu'elle s'abandonne aux promesses du ravissement ou qu'elle s'offre aux menaces d'un viol érotisé. Ces déplacements de sens – liés à certaines exégèses, directes ou indirectes, comme celles de Fulgence, Boccace et Marsile Ficin – s'accompagnent de condensations formelles. Ainsi, sur les coffres de mariage florentins du XVe siècle, Psyché, endormie au jardin d'Eros, devient la soeur de l'Epouse du Cantique des Cantiques. Sur les vitraux d'Ecouen, son sommeil voluptueux la rapproche des Vénus endormies. À Mantoue, Giulio Romano en fait une nymphe approchée par un satyre qui préfigure et désacralise Eros. Tentatrice savamment alanguie, Psyché s'approprie les postures érotiques de Vénus et des nymphes dans les gravures maniéristes du XVIe siècle. Dès lors, le rapt charnel semble l'emporter sur la divine extase. A la même époque pourtant, nous retrouvons l'ombre de Psyché, spirituelle dormeuse, à l'oeuvre dans les métaphores mystiques de Jean de la Croix et de Thérèse d'Avila. Les métamorphoses de Psyché ne sont pas finies, son sommeil favorise l'analogie paradoxale des possibles contraires.« [Source: Le Verger]

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ART: Sexual Slavery Before ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court

Author: Agnieszka Szpak
Title: Sexual Slavery Before ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court
Subtitle: -
Journal: European Scientific Journal
Volume: 9
Issue: 16
Year: June 2013
Pages: 316-325
ISSN: 1857-7881 - eISSN: 1857-7431
Language: English
Full Text: European Scientific Journal [Free Access]

Abstract: »The article presents the creation of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) as well as their jurisdiction. The article continues with the explanation of the terms enslavement and sexual slavery in the way that they were defined in the jurisprudence of the ad hoc international criminal tribunals mostly in the ICTY. The Statutes of both ICTY and ICTR enumerate enslavement as a crime against humanity whereas this is not the case with sexual slavery. This crime is expressly included in the International Criminal Court Statute (ICC) and in the Statute of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL). Still especially in one case before the ICTY the Tribunal dealt with a crime against humanity of sexual slavery and decided the case – although – not having jurisdiction over a crime so named. This was the case of Kunarać, Kovać and Vuković, which the author analyses in the article. In the end, the author mentions the ICC Statute and the provisions as well as jurisprudence of the SCSL on sexual slavery. Finally the author reaches some interesting conclusions.« [Source: European Scientific Journal]

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REV: The Pseudepigrapha on Sexuality: Attitudes towards Sexuality in Apocalypses, Testaments, Legends, Wisdom and Related Literature

Author: Pancratius Beentjes
Title: The Pseudepigrapha on Sexuality: Attitudes towards Sexuality in Apocalypses, Testaments, Legends, Wisdom and Related Literature. By William Loader, with a contribution by Ibolya Balla on Ben Sira/Sirach. Pp. viii + 571. Grand Rapids, MI, and Cambridge, UK: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2011. isbn 978 0 8028 6666 0. $65.00
Journal: The Journal of Theological Studies
Year: June 20, 2013 (First published online)
Pages: 2 pages
ISSN: 0022-5185 - eISSN: 1477-4607
Language: English
Full Text: Oxford Journals [Restricted Access]

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REV: The Pseudepigrapha on Sexuality: Attitudes towards Sexuality in Apocalypses, Testaments, Legends, Wisdom and Related Literature

Author: Sean Winter
Title: William Loader. The Pseudepigrapha on Sexuality: Attitudes towards Sexuality in Apocalypses, Testaments, Legends, Wisdom and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011. Viii + 571 pp. $65.00. ISBN 9780802866660.
Journal: Pacifica: Australian Theological Studies
Volume: 26
Issue: 1
Year: February 2013
Pages: 102-103
ISSN: 1030-570X - eISSN: 1839-2598
Language: English
Full Text: SAGE Journals [Restricted Access]

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THESIS: Sexual Iconoclasm in Early Modern Drama

Author: Lynnette Macomber
Title: Sexual Ipostolou in Early Modern Drama
Subtitle: -
Thesis: Honors Thesis, University of New Hampshire
Year: May 2013
Pages: 36pp.
Language: English
Full Text: University of New Hampshire Scholars' Repository [Free Access]

Abstract: »My thesis examines the relationship between sexuality and the destruction of images – iconoclasm – in the context of post-Reformation English theatre by analyzing three plays: Shakespeare’s Titus Andronicus, Middleton and Rowley’s The Changeling, and Aphra Behn’s The Rover. I argue that the idea of sexual iconoclasm is not only present in these plays but also contributes to the discussion of the religious and sociopolitical contexts (and perhaps commentary) of these plays and early modern theatre in general. So what exactly is sexual iconoclasm? In short, it describes the destruction of sexual images, and by sexual images I mean ‘of sex,’ both individual sexuality and any depictions of sexual relationships, be they physically sexual or describing relationships between the male and female sexes. In my analysis of Titus Andronicus, The Changeling, and The Rover, I use sexual iconoclasm as a new theoretical lens that allows us to examine the obsession with and destruction of sexual imagery in the context of larger sociopolitical concerns of a culture.« [Source: University of New Hampshire Scholars' Repository]

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CPF: La guerre d’Algérie, le sexe et l’effroi - Sex, Dread, and the Algerian War

Conference: La guerre d’Algérie, le sexe et l’effroi - Sex, Dread, and the Algerian War
Place: Paris, France
Date: Autumn 2014
Submission deadline for proposals: June 15, 2013
More information: Calenda

Description: »Ce colloque, international et pluridisciplinaire, voudrait interroger, au-delà de la sexualisation attachée à tout épisode belliqueux, l'omniprésence du sexe dans les représentations de la guerre d'Algérie. Viols, émasculations, bâtardises, exacerbations viriles, tortures ciblées, outrages sexuels des cadavres, commerces des corps méritent d’être recontextualisés, d’être spécifiés, et comparés. C’est aux confins des disciplines (anthropologie, psychanalyse, littérature, arts de l’image, histoire), qu’il faudra tenter de penser la vectorisation sexuelle du conflit, de ses figurations et de ses mémoires.«

CFP: Causes sexuelles: Sexualités et mobilisations collectives - Sexual Causes: Sexuality and Collective Mobilization

Conference: Causes sexuelles: Sexualités et mobilisations collectives - Sexual Causes: Sexuality and Collective Mobilization
Place: Lausanne
Date: May 29-31, 2014
Submission deadline for proposals: September 1, 2013
More information: Calenda

Description: »From contraception to “gay marriage,” from abortion to prostitution or rape, there are many sexual issues which have mobilized people in recent decades. Indeed, since the “sexual liberation” phenomenon observed principally in the we st in the 1970s, “sexual causes” have multiplied throughout the world, without, however, always attracting the scholarly attention they deserve. This symposium is thus devoted to mobilization related to sexuality, without any historical or geographical limitations.«

RADIO: 8. Juli 1593: Der Geburtstag der italienischen Malerin Artemisia Gentileschi

Title: 8. Juli 1593: Der Geburtstag der italienischen Malerin Artemisia Gentileschi
Program: ZeitZeichen
Channel: WDR 3 / WDR 5
Date: July 8, 2013
Duration: 14:32 min.
Language: German
Podcast: Westdeutscher Rundfunk

Description:
»Um 1612 malt die junge Römerin Artemisia Gentileschi ein bekanntes Motiv aus dem Alten Testament: Judith, die den Feldherren Holofernes enthauptet. Selten allerdings ist dieser biblische Mord derart brutal dargestellt worden – und so wurde das Bild immer wieder als ein Akt der Rache gedeutet.
Artemisia, die bei ihrem Vater das Malen erlernt hatte, war mit 17 von einem seiner Kollegen vergewaltigt worden. Und nicht nur das: Im darauf folgenden Prozess musste sie demütigende Fragen und Untersuchungen über sich ergehen lassen. Doch Artemisia fand sich nicht mit der Rolle des Opfers ab: Sie ging nach Florenz und stieg dort zur gefeierten Malerin auf.
1616 wurde sie als erste Frau in die Kunstakademie aufgenommen. Ihr kraftvoller, an Caravaggio erinnernder Stil fand Anerkennung weit über Italien hinaus. Später betrieb sie sogar eine eigene Werkstatt in Neapel und arbeitete für den König von England.
Obwohl Artemisia Gentileschi als berühmteste Malerin des Barock gilt, geriet ihr Werk nach ihrem Tod für lange Zeit in Vergessenheit.«

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July 8, 2013

ART: The Role of Eyewitness Testimony in Exonerations: An Archival Study

Authors: Avraham Levi and Joseph Levi
Title: The Role of Eyewitness Testimony in Exonerations
Subtitle: An Archival Study
Journal: The Open Law Journal
Volume: 5
Issue: -
Year: 2013
Pages: 9 pages
ISSN: 1874-950X
Language: English
Full Text: Bentham Open [Free Access]

Abstract: »This paper deals with two issues related to exoneration cases: On the one hand, it examines the relative number of lineups used as the method of identification that resulted in mistaken identifications and false convictions. On the other, it compares eyewitness error as a cause of false convictions with other common causes. The original intent of the study was to concentrate only on the first topic. After defining some of the terms used in this paper, we will first outline our interest in the first issue, and then explain the widened focus of the paper.« [Source: Open Law Journal]

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ART: A Past Revisited: Re-presentation of the Nanjing Massacre in City of Life and Death

Author: Yanhong Zhu
Title: A Past Revisited
Subtitle: Re-presentation of the Nanjing Massacre in City of Life and Death
Journal: Journal of Chinese Cinemas
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Year: June 2013
Pages: 85-108
ISSN: 1750-8061 - eISSN: 1750-807X
Language: English
Full Text: ingentaconnect [Restricted Access]

Abstract: »This article explores the way in which Lu Chuan's Nanjing! Nanjing!/City of Life and Death (2009) breaks away from the previous mode of representation of the Nanjing Massacre that foregrounds the burden of proof and the discourse of victimization, and seeks instead to recreate the representation of this historical event through a decentred and multi-perspective mode of narrative that destabilizes the boundary between heroism and victimization and the distinction between the perpetrators and victims. This film places this historical conflict in the global context of warfare and atrocities and examines the relationship between human nature and war and the impacts of war on the human psyche. It is a `film as history', produced not just to remember the past but rather reconstruct the past, and it is also a film that confronts history and the representation of history in film.« [Source: Journal of Chinese Cinemas]

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BOOK: Das Unaussprechliche in Worte fassen. Eine vergleichende Analyse schriftlicher und mündlicher Selbstzeugnisse von weiblichen Überlebenden des Holocaust

Author: Claudia Leonhard
Title: Das Unaussprechliche in Worte fassen
Subtitle: Eine vergleichende Analyse schriftlicher und mündlicher Selbstzeugnisse von weiblichen Überlebenden des Holocaust
Place: Kassel
Publisher: Kassel University Press
Year: 2013
Pages: 311pp.
Language: German
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BOOK: Clergy Sexual Abuse: Social Science Perspectives

Editors: Claire M. Renzetti and Sandra Yocum
Title: Clergy Sexual Abuse
Subtitle: Social Science Perspectives
Place:
Publisher: Northeastern University Press
Year: 2013
Pages: 216pp.
Language: English
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THESIS: Sexual violence against women of color: Achieving agency through community voice, purposeful silence, and responsible literary representations

Author: Trisha A. Henderson
Title: Sexual violence against women of color
Subtitle: Achieving agency through community voice, purposeful silence, and responsible literary representations
Thesis: M.A. Thesis, Iowa State University
Year: 2013
Pages: iii + 105pp.
Language: English
Full Text: Digital Repository @ Iowa State University [Free Access]

Abstract: »Overall, my goal in creating this project is to prompt awareness to the issue of sexual violence against women in general; however, I want to bring attention to assault in communities of color, in particular. Women of color are devalued, and sexual violence against multicultural women is often underreported and not taken seriously enough. This thesis consists of three chapters, each one centered on sexual violence against women of color in contemporary American fiction. In Chapter 1, I contrast the use of voice in Harriet Prescott Spofford's "Circumstance" (1860) and Toni Morrison's Beloved (1987), highlighting how women of color often rely on a community voice in order to achieve agency after trauma. This chapter also includes an ecofeminist lens, drawing a connection between women's relationship to the natural environment in achieving a voice of agency. Spofford's short story, the only noncontemporary text, features a white protagonist, so it offers an ideal contrast to Morrison's novel featuring African American experiences, as the authors handle both voice and race in opposition to each other. In Chapter 2, I continue to analyze Beloved, but I look at it alongside Frances Washburn's Elsie's Business (2006) in order to point out how silence can be a legitimate avenue from which to acquire agency. This chapter also focuses on the issue of sexual violence against Native women, which is a huge, and often unrecognized, problem in Indigenous communities. In Chapter 3, I analyze the spectator gaze and objectification versus nonobjectification of survivors of sexual violence in Karen Tei Yamashita's Tropic of Orange (1997) and Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake (2003). I argue these two authors successfully represent sexual violence in order to provide a greater awareness and understanding among audience members. Yamashita and Atwood project a sense of activism in their writing, and although they approach the representations in opposing ways, they exhibit a deliberate craft and intention. In the end, I hope this thesis makes others more aware of the precautions and considerations that need to be taken in representing sexual violence in any mode of text.« [Source: Digital Repository @ Iowa State University]

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CFP: New Directions - Gender, Sex and Sexuality in 20th Century British History

Conference: New Directions - Gender, Sex and Sexuality in 20th Century British History
Place: University College London, London, United Kingdom
Date: April 8, 2014
Submission deadline for proposals: September 1, 2013

Description: » This one day workshop looks to bring together scholars, at any stage of their career and working on any aspect of gender, sex and sexuality in 20th century Britain, and to provide a forum for both the presentation of new work and the beginning of a dialogue about the past, present and future of the field.«

More information: New Directions